Changing Urban Environments

Description

AQA Urban Changing Urban Environments Specification Overview
John Ditchburn
Mind Map by John Ditchburn, updated more than 1 year ago
John Ditchburn
Created by John Ditchburn almost 10 years ago
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Resource summary

Changing Urban Environments
  1. Global Urbanisation
    1. Pace of urbanisation
      1. Rich world
        1. Poor world
        2. Causes
          1. Rural-urban migration
            1. Push factors
              1. Pull factors
          2. Land use
            1. Retail/shops
              1. Housing
                1. Industry
                  1. Recreation
                    1. Functional zones
                      1. CBD
                        1. Inner city
                          1. Built before 1918 in UK
                          2. Outer city/ suburbs
                            1. Rural-urban fringe
                          3. Rich World Urban Issues
                            1. 1. Housing
                              1. Problem
                                1. Increasing number of households
                                2. Solutions
                                  1. Brownfield Development
                                    1. Greenfield Development
                                  2. 2. Inner city decline
                                    1. Strategy 1
                                      1. Urban Development Corporations
                                        1. LDDC
                                      2. Strategy 2
                                        1. City Challenge
                                          1. Regeneration
                                        2. Strategy 3
                                          1. Sustainable communities
                                        3. 3. Traffic
                                          1. Park-and-ride schemes
                                            1. Congestion charge
                                            2. 4. CBD decline
                                              1. Example - Leicester
                                                1. Solution - Highcross
                                              2. 5. Cultural mix
                                                1. Segregation
                                                  1. Reasons
                                                    1. Support & integration
                                                  2. Birmingham
                                                  3. Squatter Settlement Issues
                                                    1. Living in sqatter settlements
                                                      1. Improvement strategies
                                                        1. Dharavi, Mumbai
                                                        2. Problems of Rapid Urbanisation - Poor World
                                                          1. Problems
                                                            1. Environmental disasters
                                                              1. Toxic pollution
                                                                1. Water pollution
                                                                  1. Waste and pollution
                                                                  2. Solutions
                                                                    1. Waste disposal/ recycling
                                                                      1. Air pollution limits
                                                                        1. Dharavi, Mumbai
                                                                          1. Kibera, Nairobi, Kenya
                                                                        2. Sustainable Urban Living
                                                                          1. Features of sustainable cities
                                                                            1. Conserving historic & natural environment
                                                                              1. Reducing & disposing of waste
                                                                                1. Adequate open spaces
                                                                                  1. Involving local people
                                                                                    1. Providing efficient transport
                                                                                      1. Curitiba
                                                                                        1. Bedzed
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