AP Human Geography Flashcards on Untitled, created by daminigrover on 12/05/2013.
Flashcards by daminigrover, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by daminigrover almost 11 years ago

Resource summary

Question Answer
Proportional-Symbol thematic maps
Dot Density Maps
Data Aggregation The size of geographic units being represented on a map.
Isoline thematic maps
Choropleth thematic maps
Intermediate Directions Northwest, Northeast, Southwest, Southeast
Relative Directions right, left, up, down
Equal-Area projections maps that maintain shape but distort other properties (it is impossible to have a projection that is both conformal and equal-area).
Azimuthal projections maps that maintain direction but distort other properties.
Equidistant projections Maps that maintain distance but distort other properties.
Cognitive maps Maps drawn from memory.
Reference maps Maps that show common features such as boundaries, roads, highways, mountains and cities.
Thematic map Maps that zeros in on one feature such as climate, city size, etc.
Isoline thematic maps Maps that display the lines that connect points of equal value, showing elevation levels.
Choropleth thematic maps Maps that show a pattern of some variable, such as population density, voting patterns, etc.
Proportional-Symbol thematic maps Maps that uses a symbol to represent the frequency of a variable.
Spatial Perspective A way of identifying, explaining and predicting the human and physical patterns in space and the interconnectedness of various spaces.
Dot Density Maps Thematic maps that use dots to represent the frequency of a variable.
Cartogram Map that uses proportionality to show a particular variable.
Geographic Models Simplified versions of what exists on the earth and what might exists in the future.
Geographic Information System (GIS) A computer program that stores geographic data and produces maps to show those data.
Physical Geography Concerned with spatial analysis of the structures, processes and locations of the earth's natural phenomena.
Remote Sensing The collecting of information from satellites and distant collecting systems.
Primary Data Information that is collected for the first time; used for solving the particular problem under investigation
Human Geography Primarily concerned with analyzing the structures, processes and locations of the earth's human creations and their interactions.
Secondary Data Data collected by someone else and presented to the public for future use.
Absolute Location refers to a position on the global grid
Lines of Latitude imaginary lines that run east and west, they tell how far north and south of the equator (also called parallels)
Lines of Longitude imaginary lines that run north and south on map or globe, they tell how far east and west of the prime meridian ( also called meridians)
Great Circles Circles formed on the earth's surface by a plane that passes through the center of the earth.
Relative Location Its location as described in relation to places on the earth's surface
Site A place's internal, physical and cultural characteristics.
Situation Refers to location (or context) of a place, relative to the physical and cultural characteristics around it.
Formal Region (uniform region)
Formal Region (uniform region) Areas that have common (or uniform) cultural or physical features.
Functional Region (nodal region)
Functional Region (nodal region) A group of places linked together by some functions influence on them.
Perceptual Region (vernacular region)
Perceptual Region (vernacular region) The boundaries of this region are determined by belief.
Region Spatial units that share some similar characteristics.
Place A unique combination of physical and cultural attributes that gives each location on earth its individual "stamp".
Sense of Place A person's perception of the human and physical attributes of a location that gives it a unique identity in our minds.
Spatial Interaction How places interact through movement.
Friction of Interaction The degree to which distance interferes with some interaction.
Space-time Compression The increasing sense of accessibility and connectivity seems to bring humans in distant places closer together.
Distance Decay Interaction between two places declines as the distance between two places increases.
Map Two-dimensional model of the earth or a portion of its surface.
Cartography The process of mapmaking.
Simplification When a cartographer gets rid of unnecessary details and focuses on the information needing to be displayed in the map.
Simplification When a cartographer gets rid of unnecessary details and focuses on the information needing to be displayed in the map.
Distortion An error which occurs when the earth is flattened on to a two-dimensional surface
Four Main Map Properties -shape -size (area) -distance -direction
Cardinal Directions North, East, South, West
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