AP Human Geography Language Chapter 5 Flashcards

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9th grade AP Human Geography (Language) Flashcards on AP Human Geography Language Chapter 5 Flashcards, created by Astha Parmar on 30/11/2017.
Astha Parmar
Flashcards by Astha Parmar, updated more than 1 year ago
Astha Parmar
Created by Astha Parmar about 6 years ago
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Question Answer
accent the manner in which people speak and the way words are pronounced in different parts of the world
Esperanto a made-up Latin-based language, which its European proponents in the early twentieth century hoped would become a global language
extinct language a language that was once used by people in daily activities but is no longer used
isolated language a language that is unrelated to any other languages and therefore not attached to any language family
lingua franca a language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different languages
orthography the study of where languages are found/located
pidgin a form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua franca; used for communications among speakers of two different languages
toponym the name by which a geographical place is known
trade language a language used by native speakers of different languages to allow them to communicate so they can trade with each other
vernacular the everyday speech of the people (as distinguished from literary language)
language a system of communication through speech, a collection of sounds that a group of people understands to have the same meaning
literary tradition a system of written communication
official language one language used by the government for laws, reports, and public objects, such as road signs, money, and stamps
dialect a regional variation of a language distinguished by distinctive vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation
isogloss a word-usage boundary
standard language a dialect that is well-established and widely recognized as the most acceptable for government, business, education, and mass communication
language family a collection of languages related to a common ancestral language that existed long before recorded history (e.g. Indo-European)
language branch a collection of languages related through a common ancestral language that existed thousands of years ago
language group a collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary
ideograms characters that represent ideas or concepts, not specific pronunciations
mono-linguality speaking only one language
bi-linguality speaking two languages
multi-linguality speaking several languages
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