APHUG Gotta Know Vocabulary

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Slide Set on APHUG Gotta Know Vocabulary, created by Jada C on 13/03/2018.
Jada C
Slide Set by Jada C, updated more than 1 year ago
Jada C
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Slide 1

    1st Agricultural Revolution
    Neolithic Revolution When: 10,000 - 2,000 BC What: The movement from hunting and gathering society, to a farming society  Who: Earliest records in the Middle East Caused: Movement from nomadic way of life to permanent settlements; infrastructure (political, job specialties, architecture, economics)   Resource
    Caption: : Transition to settlements, farming, raising cattle

Slide 2

    2nd Agricultural Revolution
    British Agricultural Revolution When: 17th Century to Early 18th Century What:  The innovative introduction to new farming techniques with the use of machinery   Who: England – spread later to rest of Europe, North America, and around the globe Caused: Incline in agricultural production, decline in subsistence farming, diffusion of crops, increased population, and later the Industrial Revolution Resource 
    Caption: : Individuals now used machinery and new techniques to enhance the production of agricultural resources

Slide 3

    Acculturation
    What: The adoption of customs, traditions, and characteristic of one society by another Occurs When: A society is dominated economically, politically, socially, etc. by another society Why: In order to survive, the people must adapt to the changing cultural practices        Resource
    Caption: : Native American acculturation seen through portraits (1878 – 1924)

Slide 4

    Assimilation
    What: process in which two cultures  influence each other; an individual adopts the customs of another culture Occurs When: come into contact with another society or culture Why: usually the two groups live near each other. More often than not, influence comes from trade, invasion, or union     Resource 
    Caption: : People from other countries assimilate when they become a U.S. citizen

Slide 5

    Bid-Rent Curve (Theory)
    What: theory that explains to how the demand for real estate changes as the distance towards a CBD increases Why: land users tend to compete for land closest to the CBD/downtown        Resource

Slide 6

    Central Place Theory (Christaller)
    What: theory that explains the distribution of services, based off of settlements serving as centers for businesses  Why: larger settlements are are smaller and farther apart, whilst smaller settlements have people willing to travel far       Resource 

Slide 7

    Glocalization
    What: the process in which people in a local place alter a product or service to fit the culture of a region being provided Example: McDonalds in Korea selling Kimchi Burgers or Bulgogi Burger      Resource
    What: the process in which people in a local place alter,

Slide 8

    Nation-State
    What: an independent country dominated by a homogenous culture group common ancestry one chosen language a shared way of life common history common religion certain territory         Resource

Slide 9

    New Urbanism
    What: movement that promotes environmentally friendly habits; creating sidewalks, underground walkways, etc. Why: to reform all aspects or real estate and development and urban planning; create neighborhoods that promote a sense of community Note: general community has one central shopping center clustered around neighborhoods     Resource 

Slide 10

    Free Trade
    What: the flow of goods and services across national boundaries unrestricted by tariffs and other regulations   Why: the free-market reforms promote open trade, private businesses, and land ownership; stimulate the economy Examples: NAFTA, U.S/Korea, ASEAN, Pacific Alliance     Resource
    Caption: : Free Trade Agreements

Slide 11

    Exclave / Enclave
    What: a country that is geographically separated from the main part of the territory. enclave – part of a territory that is surrounded by another state             Resource  
    Caption: : Alaska is considered an exclave because of its ownership by the U.S. and its location near Canadian territory

Slide 12

    Enclave (Cultural)
    What: a closed territory that is culturally distinct from the territory that it is surrounded by Why: allows individuals of same identity to keep their culture in an established area  Occurs when: assimilation or acculturation are taking place     Resource
    Caption: : New York's Chinatown is a modern day example of an ethnic enclave
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