Ancient Egypt Exam

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higher than you History (Ancient) Flashcards on Ancient Egypt Exam, created by Clara Freeman on 12/11/2014.
Clara Freeman
Flashcards by Clara Freeman, updated more than 1 year ago
Clara Freeman
Created by Clara Freeman over 9 years ago
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Resource summary

Question Answer
160,000 Homo sapiens arrived in Africa
135,000 Homo sapiens go to the middle east via north Africa
85-75,000 reach Asia by coast of India
74-65,000 Arrived in Papua New Guinea and Australia using boats
7,000 stop being nomadic and became farmers
Evidence of Homo sapiens events DNA, tools, skeletons
Main aspects of early civilisations Trade, Religion, Iconography, Technology, Law, Farming
Dating methods Statigraphy (layers of the earth) Radiocarbon (carbon 14 in object) DNA (genetics) Fluorine ( levels of Fluorine) Dendrochronology (rings in the trees) Thermolumines (particles of crystal)
Primary Source At the time of the event
Secondary Source After the time of the event
Five Ws Who-made it What-is it When-was it made Where-was it made Why-was it made
Evidence findings in a source
Source definition Anything from the time
Ancient Egypt .
Geography Sahara Desert North Africa Bank of the Nile River Nile gives vegetation Regular floods (September) Nile= highway Nile can be seen from space
Social Structure
Power of the Pharaoh Rules upper and lower Egypt Pharaoh means great house Sole ruler Main land owner=collected taxes Controlled the universe God/decent of the Gods Leader,protector Male or female
Pharaoh responsibilities Flooding of the Nile Enough food for the people Gods look upon the people kindly Egypt would win battles Ma'at was at the heart of Egyptian life (truth & justice)
Hapshepsut Took power from step son Ruled 1501-1483 BCE very clever and ambitious Pretrayed herself as male for respect Rare for females to become Pharaohs
Religious Beiefs Polytheistic ( many Gods) Believed in an afterlife Two parts to people physical and spiritual Main God was Amun Ra (the sun God)
Afterlife Mummification prepared souls for the afterlife Rich people could only afford the best mummification Important people were buried in tombs Embalming= Mummification
Trade and Contact Brought war, resources Trade reached Africa Exports= flax, beads, beer, weapons Imports= cedar oil, timber, copper, semi-precious stones, gold, ivory, slaves, exotic animals, horses, pots, fruit, honey Boats and cows/horses for transport
Iconography hieroglyphics= word pictures
When was Ancient Egypt 3100-30 BCE
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