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The Berlin Crisis
A summary, the causes, the results and important dates to do with the Berlin Crisis/Blockade of 1948-49.
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division of germany
international relations : the era of the cold war 1943-1991
Mind Map by
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The Berlin Crisis
Britain and the USA join their two zones together
London Conference: America, Britain and France meet to discuss Germany's future. Russia is not present.
Russia starts to stop western literature being sold in the Soviet zone.
The USA offers Marshall Aid. Stalin forbids Cominform countries to take part.
Russia imposes a partial blockade of west Berlin
Allied transport into the city has to apply for a permit and is inspected
1st June 1948
America, Britain and France announce they wanted to create a new country of West Germany
23rd June 1948
America, Britain and France introduce a new currency
This causes economic chaos in the Russian zone
Everyone tries to get rid of their old money and change to the new currency
1. In 1945, the Allies decided to split Germany into four zones of occupation
Berlin, was also split into four zones
USSR took huge reparations from its zone, but the other three zones tried to improve conditions in their area.
USSR were trying to cripple Germany
To prevent future attacks
2. In June 1948, Britain, France and America united their zones into a new country
3. 23 June 1948, UK,US, FR introduce a new currency
To help trade
4. 24 June 1948, Stalin creates the Berlin Blockade
Cutting off all rail/road links to West Berlin
West sees this as an attempt to starve Berlin into surrender
They decided to supply West Berlin by air
The Berlin Blockade lasted 318 days
275,000 planes transported 1.5 million tons of supplies and a plane landed every three minutes at Berlin's Templehof airport
5. 12 May 1949, Stalin abandons the blockade
Germany was divided until 1990
WEST : Federal Republic of Germany
EAST : Democratic Republic of Germany
Iron Curtain became permanent
Official "Cold War" breaks out
Arms Race begins
In 1949, the Allies set up the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO)
A military alliance to resist Soviet Russia
Many Western countries end up joining
How is the Berlin airlift is a good example of the Cold War?
Stalin made the Berlin blockade (closing the land route into the city) his open, provocative, and threatening rejection of all the Allied agreements made during WWII
Western Allies encouraged the economic recovery of their zones in Germany
Created the new currency
Western zones received large quantities of Marshall Aid
Stalin wanted to keep Westerners out of Berlin as it was well into the Soviet portion of Germany
Western countries were determined to remain in Berlin to observe Soviet activity on the opposite side of the Iron Curtain
He did not want his people to see the capitalist way of life
Was fearful of opposition from his people
Following the airlift, the city of Berlin was divided in half
East Germany eventually built the Berlin Wall to keep people from leaving to go to the West
To help with moral in the city, pilots would drop candy attached to little parachutes over Berlin.
This was called "operation little vittles".
Over three tons of candy was dropped by the end of the airlift.
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