Anatomy Year 2 - Head, Neck and Back

Description

Anatomy Year 2 - Head, Neck and Back
Sole C
Quiz by Sole C, updated more than 1 year ago
Sole C
Created by Sole C about 8 years ago
107
4

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Regio Scapularis is a back region
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 2

Question
The anterior rami of C1 through C4 take part in the formation of cervical plexus.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 3

Question
The boundaries between the thoracic region and the back are the anterior axillary lines
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 4

Question
Sternocleidomastoid is a superficial muscle of the back.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 5

Question
M.latissimus dorsi is a powerful extensor of the arm
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 6

Question
Superficial muscles of the back are supplied by dorsal branches of spinal nerves
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 7

Question
Auscultation triangle on the back is located medial to the scapula
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 8

Question
Serratus posterior superior muscle is a muscle of inspriation
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 9

Question
Muscles of the back are arranged in three groups with distinct functions.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 10

Question
Erector spinae muscle is made of three colunms.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 11

Question
Intermediate muscles of the back are respiratory muscles.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 12

Question
Platysma is innervated by a branch of the facial nerve.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 13

Question
The platysma is a superficial muscle that overlaps the sternocleidomastoid
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 14

Question
Accessory nerve is a branch of cervical plexus
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 15

Question
Phrenic nerve (C3-C5 (primarily C4)) innervates thoracic diaphragm.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 16

Question
Internal carotid artery has two cervical branches.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 17

Question
The upper end of the jugular vein dilates into internal jugular fossa
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 18

Question
Near the termination of the internal jugular vein is a smaller dilation, the inferior bulb.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 19

Question
The inferior thyroid artery is a branch of the external carotid artery
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 20

Question
The submandibular gland is in infrahyoid region
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 21

Question
Which one of the listed is not a muscle of the back:
Answer
  • M. Serratus posterior superior
  • M. Serratus Anterior
  • M. iliocostalis
  • M. longissimus
  • M. spinalis

Question 22

Question
Which of the muscles listed below is a deep muscle of the back
Answer
  • Levator costae
  • Latissimus dorsi
  • Levator scapulae
  • Rhomboidei
  • Splenius

Question 23

Question
Interruption of cranial nerve XI would paralyze which muscle?
Answer
  • Deltoid
  • Latissimus dorsi
  • Levator scapulae
  • Rhomboideus major
  • Trapezius

Question 24

Question
If the right dorsal scapular nerve was cut near its origin, what would result:
Answer
  • Skin of the upper back on the right side would be numb
  • The point of the right shoulder would droop
  • Scapular retraction on the right would be weakened
  • Extension of the right arm would be weakened
  • Inability to ADduct the right arm

Question 25

Question
The cutaneous branch of the posterior primary ramus of C2 is called the:
Answer
  • Accessory nerve
  • Great auricular nerve
  • Greater occipital nerve
  • Lesser occipital nerve
  • Superior ramus of the ansa cervicalis

Question 26

Question
Which muscle is innervated by posterior primary rami?
Answer
  • Latissimus dorsi
  • Levator scapulae
  • Rhomboideus major
  • Erector spinae
  • Trapezius

Question 27

Question
Which of the elements listed below is not in the subcutaneous layer of the neck?
Answer
  • M.platysma
  • V.jugularis anterior
  • V.jugularis externa
  • Plexus cervicalis
  • Transverse cervical nerve

Question 28

Question
Which of the following does NOT belong to the infrahyoid muscles?
Answer
  • M. sternothyroiseus
  • M. omohyoideus
  • M. sternocleidomastoideus
  • M. steronhyoideus
  • M. thyrohyoideus

Question 29

Question
Which one of the following structures is NOT related to infrahyoid region?
Answer
  • gl. thyroidea
  • m. thyrohyoideus
  • n. vagus
  • m. cricothyroideus
  • v. jugularis anterior

Question 30

Question
Which one of the following structures is NOT related to the carotid triangle?
Answer
  • Hypoglossal nerve
  • Superior laryngeal nerve
  • Facial artery
  • Thyrohyoid muscle
  • Sternohyoid muscle

Question 31

Question
Loss of sensation from the temporal region and loss of secretory function of the parotid gland would be caused by interruption of which nerve?
Answer
  • Auriculotemporal
  • Chorda tympani
  • Deep temporal, posterior
  • Facial
  • Great auricular

Question 32

Question
An elderly man presented with severe pain beneath the left eye, radiating into the lower eyelid, lateral side of the nose and upper lip. What nerve was involved?
Answer
  • Buccal
  • Infraorbital
  • Mental
  • Supratrochlear
  • Zygomatic

Question 33

Question
To study the compensatory response of selective suprahyoid muscles in elevating the hyoid bone, an experiment was designed in which the posterior belly of the digastric and stylohyoid muscles were paralysed by drugs. The muscular branches of which of the following nerves must be chemically interrupted to produce paralysis in both muscles?
Answer
  • Inferior alveolar
  • Facial
  • Hypoglossal
  • Glossopharyngeal
  • Lingual

Question 34

Question
Which nerve provides motor innervation to the buccinator muscle?
Answer
  • Auriculotemporal nerve
  • Buccal branches of VII
  • Buccal Nerve
  • Mandibular division of V
  • Marginal mandibular nerve

Question 35

Question
Which nerve provides cutaneous innervation to the skin of the angle of the mandible?
Answer
  • Auriculotemporal nerve
  • Lesser petrosal nerve
  • Buccal branches of VII
  • Marginal mandibular nerve
  • Great auricular nerve

Question 36

Question
Which nerve carries postganglionic parasympathetic fibers to the parotid gland?
Answer
  • Auriculotemporal nerve
  • Lesser petrosal nerve
  • Glossopharyngeal nerve
  • Great auricular nerve
  • Marginal mandibular nerve

Question 37

Question
A patient is unable to wink; what muscle is affected?
Answer
  • Frontalis
  • Levator palpebrae superioris
  • Orbicularis oculi
  • Superior tarsal
  • Zygomaticus major

Question 38

Question
What structure lies deepest in the parotid gland?
Answer
  • External carotid artery
  • External Jugular Vein
  • Facial artery
  • Facial nerve
  • Retromandibular vein

Question 39

Question
A deep laceration of the face in the middle of the parotid gland could affect the
Answer
  • External jugular vein
  • Facial nerve
  • Glossopharyngeal nerve
  • Hypoglossal nerve
  • Lingual artery

Question 40

Question
Pain elicited from an infected facial wound is primarily conveyed by what nerve?
Answer
  • Facial
  • Great auricular
  • Hypoglossal
  • Transverse cervical
  • Trigeminal

Question 41

Question
Inability to close the lips relates to the action of which muscle?
Answer
  • Anterior belly of the digastric
  • Mylohyoid
  • Orbicularis oris
  • Platysma
  • Zygomaticus major

Question 42

Question
Which muscle will not be affected when the mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve (V3) is anesthetized?
Answer
  • Anterior belly of digastric
  • Buccinator
  • Medial pterygoid
  • Mylohyoid
  • Temporalis

Question 43

Question
The parotid space contains all EXCEPT:
Answer
  • External carotid artery
  • Facial nerve
  • Intraparotid lymph nodes
  • Medical pterygoid muscle
  • Retromandibular vein

Question 44

Question
The facial muscle most responsible for moving the lips both upward and laterally to produce a smile is:
Answer
  • Buccinator
  • Levator anguli oris
  • Levator labii superioris
  • Platysma
  • Zygomaticus major

Question 45

Question
The muscle which separates the submandibular triangle from the paralingual space is the:
Answer
  • Digastric, posterior belly
  • Hyoglossus
  • Mylohyoid
  • Stylohyoid
  • Styloglossus

Question 46

Question
The predominant muscle most associated with retraction of the mandible is the:
Answer
  • Lateral pterygoid
  • Masseter
  • Medial pterygoid
  • Temporalis
  • Mylohyoid

Question 47

Question
At the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), hinge movements occur between the:
Answer
  • Condyle and articular eminence
  • Articular disc and articular eminence
  • Condyle and articular disc
  • Articular disc and articular cavity
  • Condyle and articular cavity

Question 48

Question
Incapacity to protrude the mandible indicates a dysfunction of which muscle?
Answer
  • Anterior belly of digastric
  • Buccinator
  • Lateral pterygoid
  • Mylohyoid
  • Temporalis

Question 49

Question
Damage to the facial nerve near the stylomastoid foramen would likely cause each of the following motor deficits EXCEPT:
Answer
  • Paralysis of the buccinator muscle
  • Inability to whistle
  • Paralysis of the muscles that elevate the mandible
  • Inability to close the lips

Question 50

Question
What bony feature of the mandible can be used to find and palpate the facial artery?
Answer
  • Oblique line
  • Mental trigone
  • Angle
  • Premasseteric notch

Question 51

Question
Which of the following suprahyoid muscles would be paralyzed if the inferior alveolar nerve was severed at its origin?
Answer
  • Geniohyoid m.
  • Hyoglossus m.
  • Mylohyoid m.
  • Stylohyoid m.

Question 52

Question
After the mandibular condyle is moved forward onto the articular eminence (e.g., by opening the mouth widely), what muscle can then retract the mandible?
Answer
  • Superficial head of masseter m.
  • Deep head of masseter m.
  • Posterior part of temporalis m.
  • Anterior part of temporalis m.

Question 53

Question
Two nerves usually emerge from between the two heads of the lateral pterygoid muscle: the anterior deep temporal nerve and the:
Answer
  • Masseteric n.
  • Buccal n.
  • Lingual n.
  • Inferior alveolar n.

Question 54

Question
Paralysis of which of the following muscles would impede retraction of the mandible?
Answer
  • Buccinator
  • Lateral pterygoid, lower portion
  • Lateral pterygoid, upper (sphenomeniscus) portion
  • Medial pterygoid
  • Temporalis

Question 55

Question
A cranial fracture through the foramen ovale that compresses the enclosed nerve, will have an effect on all muscles EXCEPT:
Answer
  • Tensor tympani
  • Masseter
  • Buccinator
  • Mylohyoid
  • Temporalis

Question 56

Question
Which muscle is also known as the sphenomeniscus?
Answer
  • Inferior head of the lateral pterygoid
  • Masseter
  • Medial pterygoid
  • Superior head of the lateral pterygoid
  • Temporalis

Question 57

Question
Forward movement of the condyle of the mandible during wide opening of the jaws is accomplished mainly by the:
Answer
  • Anterior part of temporalis muscle
  • Lateral pterygoid muscle
  • Masseter
  • Medial pterygoid muscle
  • Posterior part of the temporalis muscle

Question 58

Question
The middle meningeal artery:
Answer
  • Enters the skull through the foramen ovale
  • Passes through a split in the trunk of the mandibular nerve (V3)
  • Is typically a branch of the second part of the maxillary artery
  • Supplies blood to the temporal lobe of the brain
  • Usually arises deep to the neck of the mandible

Question 59

Question
The temporomandibular joint is characterized by all EXCEPT:
Answer
  • A capsule strengthened by ligaments on its lateral side only
  • A completely flat surface for its gliding action
  • An articular disc
  • Extracapsular ligaments
  • Two joint cavities of different shapes

Question 60

Question
There is arterial bleeding on superficial surface of the posterior third of the tongue; which of the following arteries was involved?
Answer
  • Deep lingual
  • Dorsal lingual
  • Facial
  • Sublingual
  • Tonsillar
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