Embryology of the Reproductive System

Description

Embryology of the Reproductive System given in Week 3
Matthew Coulson
Quiz by Matthew Coulson, updated more than 1 year ago
Matthew Coulson
Created by Matthew Coulson over 5 years ago
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Resource summary

Question 1

Question
The process by which the germ layers are formed is known as [blank_start]gastrulation[blank_end]
Answer
  • gastrulation

Question 2

Question
Name these layers that are formed in the very early stages of embryonic development
Answer
  • Epiblast
  • Hypoblast

Question 3

Question
Name the following structures
Answer
  • Primitive node
  • Primitive streak

Question 4

Question
Mesoderm cells migrate through which structure to form the middle germ layer?
Answer
  • Primitive Streak
  • Hypoblast
  • Amniotic Yolk cells
  • Wall of amniotic cavity

Question 5

Question
After the formation of the mesoderm, it splits into three sections. Arrange them from medial to lateral: [blank_start]Paraxial mesoderm[blank_end] [blank_start]Intermediate mesoderm[blank_end] [blank_start]Lateral plate of the mesoderm[blank_end]
Answer
  • Paraxial mesoderm
  • Intermediate mesoderm
  • Lateral plate of the mesoderm

Question 6

Question
The urogenital system develops from the [blank_start]intermediate mesoderm[blank_end].
Answer
  • intermediate mesoderm
  • lateral plate of the mesoderm
  • paraxial mesoderm

Question 7

Question
Germ cells that are still to reach the gonads are known as [blank_start]Primordial[blank_end] Germ Cells (PGCs)
Answer
  • Primordial

Question 8

Question
During weeks 4-6 of development, primordial germ cells migrate from the [blank_start]yolk sac[blank_end] to the [blank_start]intermediate mesoderm[blank_end] thus forming the [blank_start]primitive sex cords[blank_end]
Answer
  • primitive sex cords
  • mesonephric ducts
  • intermediate mesoderm
  • paraxial mesoderm
  • yolk sac

Question 9

Question
In terms of genital duct development: The Wolffian ducts are also known as [blank_start]mesonephric ducts[blank_end] The Mullerian ducts are also known as [blank_start]paramesonephric ducts[blank_end]
Answer
  • mesonephric ducts
  • paramesonephric ducts
  • paramesonephric ducts
  • mesonephric ducts

Question 10

Question
[blank_start]Mesonephric[blank_end] ducts form the male reproductive system [blank_start]Paramesonephric[blank_end] ducts form the female reproductive system
Answer
  • Mesonephric
  • Paramesonephric

Question 11

Question
What are the two main types of germ cells found in males? (Name alphabetically) [blank_start]Leydig[blank_end] cells [blank_start]Sertoli[blank_end] cells
Answer
  • Leydig
  • Sertoli

Question 12

Question
Leydig Cells produce [blank_start]Testosterone[blank_end] Sertoli Cells produce [blank_start]Anti-Mullerian Hormone[blank_end]
Answer
  • Anti-Mullerian Hormone
  • Testosterone

Question 13

Question
Anti-Mullerian Hormone in males causes degradation of the [blank_start]Paramesonephric[blank_end] duct in males
Answer
  • Paramesonephric
  • Mesonephric

Question 14

Question
The structure of the developing testes that connects the mesonephric duct to the sex cords is called the [blank_start]Rete[blank_end] Testis
Answer
  • Rete

Question 15

Question
Which hormone induces formation of epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles? [blank_start]Testosterone[blank_end]
Answer
  • Testosterone

Question 16

Question
Which type of testosterone stimulates the development of the male external genitalia?
Answer
  • Dihydrotestosterone
  • Methyltestosterone
  • Fluoxymesterone

Question 17

Question
The testes originate at the posterior abdominal wall, around the area of which vertebral level?
Answer
  • T6
  • T10
  • L2

Question 18

Question
Which of the three male accessory glands develops as part of the mesonephric ducts?
Answer
  • Seminal vesicles
  • Prostate gland
  • Bulbourethral glands

Question 19

Question
Which hormone triggers the development of the paramesonephric ducts in females? [blank_start]Oestrogen[blank_end]
Answer
  • Oestrogen

Question 20

Question
Which three of the following structures are formed by the paramesonephric ducts?
Answer
  • Fallopian Tubes
  • Uterus
  • Ovaries
  • Superior Vagina
  • Inferior Vagina

Question 21

Question
Which germ layer is the external genitalia of the female formed from?
Answer
  • Ectoderm
  • Mesoderm
  • Endoderm

Question 22

Question
Abnormal position of external urethral orifice is known clinically as [blank_start]hypospadias[blank_end]
Answer
  • hypospadias
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