Histology of the Female Reproductive System

Description

Histology of the female reproductive tract given by Paul Felts on 06/11/2018
Matthew Coulson
Quiz by Matthew Coulson, updated more than 1 year ago
Matthew Coulson
Created by Matthew Coulson over 5 years ago
1420
1

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
The lower, neck-like portion of the uterus is known as the [blank_start]cervix[blank_end].
Answer
  • cervix

Question 2

Question
The ovaries produce an array of steroids, however the main steroid they produce is called [blank_start]Progesterone[blank_end]
Answer
  • Progesterone

Question 3

Question
The ovary is split into two sections - a cortex and a medulla: [blank_start]Cortex[blank_end]: Where development of the follicle occurs [blank_start]Medulla[blank_end]: Where the contorted blood vessels are located
Answer
  • Cortex
  • Medulla
  • Medulla
  • Cortex

Question 4

Question
The dense, outer connective tissue layer of the ovarian cortex is called the
Answer
  • Tunica Albuginea
  • Tunica Adventitia
  • Tunica Albicans
  • Tunica Vaginalis

Question 5

Question
The Tunica Albuginea of the Ovarian Cortex is covered by a single layer of [blank_start]cuboidal[blank_end] cells called the [blank_start]germinal[blank_end] epithelium
Answer
  • germinal
  • endometrial
  • myometrial
  • hysterometrial
  • ovarian
  • cortical
  • cuboidal
  • stratified
  • pseudostratified

Question 6

Question
The development of which structure within a primary follicle allows it to then be classed as a secondary follicle? The development of the follicular [blank_start]antrum[blank_end]
Answer
  • antrum

Question 7

Question
Label the layers of the ovarian cortex shown below
Answer
  • Tunica Albuginea
  • Germinal Epithelium

Question 8

Question
Ovarian stromal cells associate with the secondary follicle, forming layers around the follicle called the internal and external [blank_start]theca[blank_end] layers.
Answer
  • theca

Question 9

Question
The Theca [blank_start]Interna[blank_end] layer is the main produce site for hormones in the follicle (mainly progesterones and oestrogen), secreting hormone precursors for the granulosa cells to activate into active hormones.
Answer
  • Interna
  • Externa

Question 10

Question
The largest antral follicles can become are around 2cm in size.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 11

Question
One day before ovulation, an oocyte will complete meiosis 1, but instead of producing two equal cells it will produce a secondary oocyte and one tiny polar body that carries the second nucleus away to degenerate. The secondary oocyte will then begin the second phase of meiosis, however will stop at [blank_start]Metaphase II[blank_end], only completing Meiosis II upon fertilisation via a sperm.
Answer
  • Metaphase II
  • Anaphase II
  • Prophase II
  • Telophase II

Question 12

Question
The part of the ovary that bulges before releasing a mature oocyte into the fallopian tube is called the follicular [blank_start]stigma[blank_end]
Answer
  • stigma

Question 13

Question
After ovulation (rupture of follicle releasing oocyte), the empty follicle becomes a structure called the [blank_start]corpus luteum[blank_end], which secretes oestrogens and progesterone thus preparing the uterus for implantation of a foetus.
Answer
  • corpus luteum

Question 14

Question
As the corpus luteum begins degrading following unsuccessful implantation (no egg was fertilised) it begins to stop producing hormones and loses its yellow colour, becoming more of a white structure. At this point it is aptly named the corpus [blank_start]albicans[blank_end]
Answer
  • albicans

Question 15

Question
If however implantation does occur, the placenta secretes which hormone in order to prevent degeneration of the corpus luteum? (This hormone thus maintains progesterone levels and in turn maintains the pregnancy.)
Answer
  • Human Chorionic Gonadotropin
  • Human Placental Lactogen
  • Gonadotropin-releasing Hormone
  • Relaxin

Question 16

Question
Fertilisation usually occurs in which part of the fallopian tube? The [blank_start]Ampulla[blank_end]
Answer
  • Ampulla

Question 17

Question
From superficial to deep, name the three layers of the uterus: [blank_start]Perimetrium[blank_end] [blank_start]Myometrium[blank_end] [blank_start]Endometrium[blank_end]
Answer
  • Myometrium
  • Perimetrium
  • Endometrium

Question 18

Question
Which of the uterine layers is covered by mesothelium?
Answer
  • Perimetrium
  • Myometrium
  • Endometrium

Question 19

Question
The Myometrium is a layer consisting of [blank_start]3[blank_end] rather indistinct layers of smooth muscle.
Answer
  • 3
  • 2
  • 5

Question 20

Question
The endometrium has both superficial and deep layers. Which layer typically thickens over a 28 day period and is shed during menstruation?
Answer
  • Stratum Functionalis
  • Stratum Basalis

Question 21

Question
A nabothian cyst is a mucus-filled cyst on the surface of the [blank_start]cervix[blank_end]. This tends to occur due to blockage of glands in this structure which causes them to expand with secretions.
Answer
  • cervix
  • endometrium
  • vagina
  • perimetrium
  • fallopian tubes
  • ovaries

Question 22

Question
The Vagina has four layers. Arrange them in order of deep to superficial: [blank_start]Adventitia[blank_end] [blank_start]Fibromuscular layer[blank_end] [blank_start]Lamina propria[blank_end] [blank_start]Non-keratinized stratified squamous[blank_end]
Answer
  • Non-keratinized stratified squamous
  • Lamina propria
  • Fibromuscular layer
  • Adventitia

Question 23

Question
During reproductive years, the superficial stratified squamous layer of the vagina becomes thickened due to accumulation of which substance? [blank_start]Glycogen[blank_end]
Answer
  • Glycogen

Question 24

Question
The rounded eminence of skin anterior to the pubic symphysis upon which highly oblique hair follicles (pubic hairs) grow on is called the [blank_start]mons pubis[blank_end]
Answer
  • mons pubis
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