The Endocrine System

Description

The Endocrine System to include some diseases and hormones released by the glands.
DrABC
Mind Map by DrABC, updated more than 1 year ago
DrABC
Created by DrABC over 8 years ago
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Resource summary

The Endocrine System
  1. Pineal Gland
    1. Melatonin
      1. Circadian Rhythm
    2. Anterior Pituitary
      1. Basophiles stain blue
        1. TSH, ACTH, LH, FSH, MSH

          Annotations:

          • -LH - Helps in releasing the testosterone -FSH - Helps to hold testosterone , helps build the uterus wall
          1. Cell Growth
        2. Acidophiles Stain Pink
          1. GH, Prolactin
            1. Cell growth
        3. Posterior Pituitary Gland
          1. ADH, Oxytocin
            1. Water Balance, Stimulates Uterus for labor
          2. Thyroid Gland
            1. T3, T4 and C-Cells= Calcitonin , Throxin
              1. Lowers Blood Ca levels
              2. Hyperthyroidism = Fast Metabolism, Hypercalcimia (Moans, Groans, Stones and Bones)
                1. Graves disease = An autoimmune disorder that occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue.
                  1. Exophthalamus (Bulging of the eye anteriorly out of the orbit)
                2. Hypothyroidism = Iodine Deficiency, Slow Metabolism
                  1. Hashimoto symdrome
                3. Parathyroid Gland
                  1. Chief cells = PTH
                    1. Raises Blood Ca Levels
                  2. Suprarenal (adrenal) Gland
                    1. Excess Cortisol
                      1. Cusing Syndrome (Most often due to medications (Steroids)
                      2. Too little cortisol and often insufficient levels of aldosterone as well
                        1. Addison's disease (Most often Autoimmune)
                        2. Small vascular tumor (Chromaffin Cells)
                          1. Pheochromocytoma (irregular secretion of epinephrine and norepinephrine

                            Annotations:

                            • - Leading to attacks of raised blood pressure, palpitations, and headache.
                          2. Cortisol , DHEA, (epinephrine, Adrenaline), Aldosterone
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