is a recent phenomenon that is associated with the smaller plate sizes that are used today compared to in the past
emerged in our prehistoric ancestors as an adaptive response to periods when food was scarce
is a way for the body to maintain homeostasis
is a symptom of neophobia
Some scientific evidence makes a preliminary link between homosexuality and...
late sexual maturation
the age of an individual’s first erotic experience
atypical prenatal hormones
early problems in relationships with parents
Increases in insulin will...
lower blood sugar and trigger hunger
raise blood sugar and trigger hunger
lower blood sugar and trigger satiety
raise blood sugar and trigger satiety
According to Maslow’s theory...
the most basic motives are based on physiological needs
needs are satisfied in a specific order
the highest motives relate to self-actualization and self-transcendence
all of the above
The text suggests that a neophobia for unfamiliar tastes...
is more common in children than in adults
protected our ancestors from potentially toxic substances
may be an early warning sign of obesity
only grows stronger with repeated exposure to
Kenny and his brother have nearly identical eating and exercise habits, yet Kenny is obese and his brother is thin. The MOST LIKELY explanation for the difference in their body weights is that they differ in...
their bone structure
their settling points and their metabolic rates
their differing exposure to carbohydrate-laden foods
Randy has been under a lot of stress lately because he has fallen behind on his responsibilities at work. After a long day at work he has intense cravings for sugary junk foods, which tend to make him feel more relaxed. Which of the following is the most likely explanation for his craving?
Randy feels that he deserves to pamper himself with sweets because of the stress he is under
the extra ghrelin being produced gives Randy the energy he needs to cope with the demands of his daily life
carbohydrates boost levels of serotonin, which has a calming effect
the extra sugar tends to lower blood insulin level, which promotes relaxation
Which of the following is NOT true regarding sexual orientation?
sexual orientation is neither willfully chosen nor willfully changed
some homosexuals struggle with their sexual orientation
men’s sexual orientation is more fluid and changeable than women’s
women, regardless of sexual orientation, respond to both female and male erotic stimuli more so than men
When asked what makes life meaningful, most people first mention...
Castration of male rats results in...
reduced testosterone and reduced sexual interest
reduced testosterone, but no change in sexual interest
reduced estradiol and reduced sexual interest
reduced estradiol, but no change in sexual interest
Research on genetic influences on obesity reveals that...
the body weights of adoptees correlate with that of their biological parents
the body weights of adoptees correlate with that of their adoptive parents
identical twins usually have very different body weights
the body weights of identical twin women are more similar than those of identical twin men
Which of the following is NOT necessarily a reason that obese people have trouble losing weight?
fat tissue has a lower metabolic rate than lean tissue
once a person has lost weight, it takes fewer calories to maintain his or her current weight
the tendency toward obesity may be genetically based
obese people tend to lack willpower and lack ability to engage in self-control
Summarizing her report on the need to belong, Rolanda states that...
“Cooperation amongst our ancestors was uncommon”
“social bonding is not in our nature; it is a learned human trait”
“because bonding with others increased our ancestors’ success at reproduction and survival, it became part of our biological nature
“our male ancestors were more likely to bond than were our female ancestors”