biological approach


AS - Level psychology (chapter 4 - approaches in psychology ) Mind Map on biological approach, created by Daisy U on 03/11/2015.
Daisy  U
Mind Map by Daisy U, updated more than 1 year ago
Daisy  U
Created by Daisy U over 8 years ago

Resource summary

biological approach
  1. assumptions
    1. everything psychological is first biological
      1. need to look at genes nervous system and neuroscience
        1. need to understand brain structure and function
          1. to understand thoughts
            1. different to cognitive as mind lives in the brain not separate
        2. genes
          1. are intelligence, personality, height or mental disorders inherited
            1. twin studies
              1. used to see the likelihood of certain traits have a genetic basis
                1. concordance rate
                  1. the likelihood that trait will appear in both twins
                  2. monozygotic
                    1. identical
                      1. higher concordance rate
                        1. share 100% of each other's genes
                        2. dizygotic
                          1. non-identical
                            1. lower concordance rate
                              1. share 50% of each other's genes
                          2. genotype & phenotype
                            1. genotype
                              1. genetic make-up
                                1. twins would have the same genotype
                                  1. nature
                                  2. phenotype
                                    1. observable characteristics
                                      1. occurs through the influence of the environment on the genotype
                                        1. nuture
                                      2. evolution
                                        1. Darwin
                                          1. natural selection
                                            1. survival of the fittest
                                              1. those genes passed on
                                                1. genotype
                                              2. evaluation
                                                1. scientific
                                                  1. use scientific methods
                                                    1. e.g. EEG, fMRI
                                                      1. precise and reliable
                                                        1. advanced tech
                                                          1. no bias or faulty results
                                                      2. real life
                                                        1. psychoactive drugs
                                                          1. can treat serious mental health issues
                                                            1. revolutionised treatment
                                                              1. can manage their condition at home
                                                                1. more normal life
                                                                  1. less pressure on the NHS
                                                              2. conclusions
                                                                1. explanation for mental health (action of neurotransmitters)
                                                                  1. evidence from drugs reducing sysmptoms
                                                                    1. thus the neurochemical causes the disorder
                                                                    2. limitation
                                                                      1. discovered cause where only association exists
                                                                  2. evaluation +
                                                                    1. determinist view
                                                                      1. sees behaviour as internal and we can't control it
                                                                        1. implications for the legal system
                                                                          1. criminals are seen as morally responsible
                                                                            1. if it's their genes then they aren't responsible
                                                                        2. nature and nurture
                                                                          1. confounding variables
                                                                            1. usually grow up in a similar environment
                                                                              1. so is it nature (genes)
                                                                                1. or nurture the enviroment
                                                                          Show full summary Hide full summary


                                                                          Memory Key words
                                                                          Sammy :P
                                                                          Biological Psychology - Stress
                                                                          Gurdev Manchanda
                                                                          PSYA1 - attachment, AQA psychology
                                                                          T W
                                                                          History of Psychology
                                                                          Psychology subject map
                                                                          Jake Pickup
                                                                          Psychology A1
                                                                          Ellie Hughes
                                                                          The Biological Approach to Psychology
                                                                          Gabby Wood
                                                                          The working memory model
                                                                          Lada Zhdanova
                                                                          Attachment - Psychology - Flash Cards
                                                                          Megan Price
                                                                          Concepts of Attachment
                                                                          definitions of abnormality
                                                                          Daisy U