Ross et. al - Effect of Shields and Videotape on Children Giving Evidence


A-Level Psychology (Forensic) Mind Map on Ross et. al - Effect of Shields and Videotape on Children Giving Evidence, created by Amelia S on 20/10/2015.
Amelia S
Mind Map by Amelia S, updated more than 1 year ago
Amelia S
Created by Amelia S over 8 years ago

Resource summary

Ross et. al - Effect of Shields and Videotape on Children Giving Evidence
  1. Ross et. al
    1. Aims
      1. To find out if the use of protective shields and videotaped testimony increases the likelihood of a guilty verdict
        1. To investigate the effect of protective devices on jury reaction to testimony
          1. does credibility inflate or deflate
        2. 300 students (150 each gender)
          1. 100 each condition
            1. majority were white and middle class
              1. told it was a study of psychology and the law
                1. part of an introductory psychology class
                2. mock trial based on real transcript
                  1. professional film crew recorded actors
                    1. three versions (conditions) created
                      1. child's testimony came via video link
                        1. child behind 4x6ft screen
                          1. child in full view
                        2. participants watched one of the three 2hr films
                          1. court case of alleged abuse
                            1. defendant was child's father
                              1. witnesses were mother, two experts (one for each side), and child herself
                                1. alleged single touch was when father was giving child a bath
                                  1. case focused on whether it was innocent or sexual
                                2. judge in case read warning to jury before screen or videotape was used
                                  1. they should not imply guilt by their use
                                  2. afterwards participants gave verdicts and rated credibility of child witness
                                    1. on various aspects of her story
                                      1. also rated defendant on a variety of dimensions of his credibility
                                      2. guilty verdicts show no significant difference between conditions
                                        1. significant difference between males and females however
                                          1. 58.6% of females and only 38.6% of males found him guilty
                                        2. jury's perception of defendant credibility did not change
                                          1. once again there was a gender difference
                                            1. more females rated less credibility
                                          2. same pattern emerged for witness credbility
                                            1. no difference across conditions
                                              1. gender difference - females rated higher child credibility
                                              2. follow up experiment done whereby tapes were stopped after child testimony
                                                1. participants in open court now more likely to convict
                                                2. For a lot of cases which involve kidnapping and domestic violence, the only other child is a witness
                                                  1. However giving evidence can be a traumatic experience for a child
                                                    1. Protective Screens and Videolinks are therefore being used more frequently
                                                      1. Although, this may look as though the child needs 'protecting' from the defendant, leading juries to make the assumption that they are therefore guilty
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