Classical Conditioning Mechanisms Part 2

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Psychology Mind Map on Classical Conditioning Mechanisms Part 2, created by Micailah Moore on 25/01/2018.
Micailah Moore
Mind Map by Micailah Moore, updated more than 1 year ago
Micailah Moore
Created by Micailah Moore about 6 years ago
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Resource summary

Classical Conditioning Mechanisms Part 2
  1. SS and SR Theories stress the importance of the US and the CS.
    1. Newer Models and Theories
      1. Rescorla-Wagner Model
        1. Determines the strength of an association on a trial by trial basis.
          1. Two factors determine associative strength
            1. The subject’s expectation
              1. The salience of the US
              2. Mathematical Model
                1. V=CS salience (US salience-0)= % 2nd Trial: V=CS salience(US salience-%)=%% %+%%=Trial 2 %
                2. Six Rules
              3. Attentional Model
                1. Cocktail Party Phenomenon (all about attention)
                  1. Associations formed on a trial by trial basis
                    1. CS salience and attention to CS determine associations
                      1. Procedures or expereinces that distract attention from CS disrupt learning
                        1. No difficulty explaining blocking
                        2. Rate Estimation Theory
                          1. Associations are formed based on the temporal relationship between the CS and US Interval relative to the Trial Duration
                            1. Scalar Expectancy theory or Relative-Waiting-Time Hypothesis
                              1. The association strength is determine or can be scaled by comparing the CS-US Interval with the Trial Duration The difference between the CS-US interval and the Trial Duration is the relative-waiting-time.
                            2. Comparator Hypothesis
                              1. All stimuli within a context develop some association
                                1. Strength is determine by comparing:
                                  1. The association between the target CS and the US
                                    1. And other stimuli (or comparators) in the environment
                                  2. Connectionist Model
                                    1. Conceptual Nervous System
                                      1. Associations formed in neural networks
                                        1. Response comes from activation across a network
                                          1. Spreading Activation Model
                                            1. Supported by Priming
                                            2. The Delta Rule
                                            3. Behavior Systems Approach
                                              1. Stimuli are not neutral
                                                1. Stimuli have biological significance
                                                  1. The strength of the association is, in part, determined by the CS-US Relevance or Belongingness
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