|body of land on three sides by water EX. Greece
|The highest mountain in Greece, where the ancient Greeks believed many of their gods and goddess lived.
|Largest island off of Greece; the Minoan civilization flourished here from 2700 BC to 1450 BC
|Archeaologist who excaveted Knossos, the palace of legendary king MInos on the island of Crete
|Name for the civilization that developed on the Greek mainland; they dominated the whole Greek mainland for about 500 years
|Ancient Greek poet. Famous for his epic poems the Iliad and the Odyssey.
|A city-state in anicent Greece
|For many centuries the most powerful of all Greece city-states,capital or present-day Greece
|A large hill ancient Greece where city residents sought shelter and safety in the times of warcitites
|A central area in Greek cities used both as a marketplace and as a meeting place
|A temple to goddess Athena, built on the Acropolis in Athens
|Type of democracy in which Every citizen participates in making laws
|The study of or search for truth, wisdom, and the right way to live
|The belief in many gods and goddess
|Largest Greek city-state; focused on fighting and war
|government in which a " few" rule; rule by few Ex. aristocracy or plutocracy
|A slave in ancient Greek city-state of Sparta
|Philo-” means love, and “-sophia” means wisdom, so the word “philosophy” really means “the love of wisdom.” Basically, philosophy is thinking about the world and making sense out of it.
|lived from 469-399 BC, was one of the most influential philosophers of all time.
|one of Socrates’ most famous students. Socrates didn’t actually write down any of his philosophies or philosophical teachings, so most of what we know about him is through the writings of Plato
|Greek Soldiers who carried a round shield. A short swaord, and a 9 foot spear
|a military formation; a wall of shields created by soldier marching shoulder to shoulder in a rectangular formation
|famous greek playwright; he wrote the tragedy, Oedipus the king
|Outdoor theater it was open to the sky; the greeks loved drama; one of the most famous amphitheater is Epidaurus.
|Father of philosophy; put on trial for corrupting the mind of youth of Athens; drank poison hemlock
|the teaching method invented by Socrates; based on asking question; the point of this teaching style is get student to recognize the truth for themselves
|most famous student of Socrates; who wrote about Socrates teaching & trial; established a school known as The Academy
|was a student of Plato's; he wrote about science, politics, just about everything; he taught Alexaner the Great
|Alexaner the Great
|At 20 years old, he was king of Macedonia, He conquers almost all the known world. He spreads Greek culture at the same time
|name for time Alexander is king; really refers to the spread of Greek culture, language, ideas, a high piont in Greek history
|The Peloponnesian War
|a long war between the 2 largest Greek city-states Athens & Sparta