In 1991, one of the reasons President George H. W. Bush committed United States troops to the Persian Gulf War was to
maintain the flow of trade through the Suez Canal
fulfill military obligations as a member of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
contain the spread of communism in the Middle East
assure the flow of Middle East oil to the United States and its allies
“Clinton Offers Economic Aid to Russia”
“U.S. Sends Peacekeeping Troops to Bosnia”
“U.S. Airlifts Food and Medicine to Somalia”
These headlines illustrate that United States foreign policy during the 1990s stressed
• Operation Desert Storm (1991)
• Operation Iraqi Freedom (2003 – present)
These events involve attempts by the United States to
protect human rights in Europe
protect its interests in the Middle East
deliver humanitarian aid to Africa
contain the spread of communism in Asia
A major goal of the women’s movement over the past twenty years has been to gain
full property rights
the right to vote
equal economic opportunity
better access to Social Security
Base your answers to the question on the table to the left and on your knowledge of social studies.
The data included in the table suggest that since 1971
inclusion of Title IX in the Education Amendments of 1972
the beginning of Head Start programs in the 1960s
increase in the number of nonpublic schools since the 1970s
The Supreme Court decision in Roe v. Wade (1973) was based on the constitutional principle of
protection of property rights
freedom of speech
right to privacy
freedom of religion
“Influence of Political Action Committees Continues to Rise”
“Republicans and Democrats Spend over $100 Million in 2000 Presidential Election”
“Senate Passes Campaign Finance Reform Act”
What is the central issue of these headlines?
Republicans and Democrats spend equal amounts of money.
American citizens pay high taxes to support presidential campaigns.
Money has a strong impact on the American political process.
Candidates spend much of their own money on political campaigns.
The federal government enforced the antitrust laws in court cases against Microsoft in an effort to
increase business competition
nationalize important industries
improve public trust in corporate leaders
generate more investment capital
Base your answer to the question on the table to the left and on your knowledge of social studies.
Which practice of the federal government has contributed most to the situation shown in the table?
taking steps to reduce growth of the gross domestic product
raising taxes to try to reduce inflation
spending more money than is received in revenues
lowering taxes during election years
“. . . Our decision about energy will test the character of the American people and the ability of the President and the Congress to govern. This difficult effort will be the ‘moral equivalent of war’ – except that we will be uniting our efforts to build and not to destroy. . .”
– President Jimmy Carter, Address to the Nation, April 18, 1977
President Carter put these ideas into practice by
halting construction of nuclear power plants
increasing imports of foreign oil
urging the development of alternative fuel sources
imposing a price freeze on all petroleum products
A major policy of President Ronald Reagan’s administration was to
reduce defense spending
lower federal income tax rates
end desegregation of public facilities
promote regulation of small businesses
President Bill Clinton supported the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) primarily as a way to
normalize trade relations with Cuba
stimulate economic growth in the United States
restrict the flow of drugs into the United States
increase the United States trade deficit
Base your answer to the question on the cartoon to the left and on your knowledge of social studies.
What is the main idea of this cartoon?
Social scientists use the expression “the graying of America” to describe the
aging of the nation’s population
declining political power of older Americans
possible failure of the Social Security System
increasing number of babies born to older couples
A major goal of the Republican Party since the 1980s has been to
increase welfare benefits
increase the size of the federal workforce
reduce defense spending
cut federal taxes
Base your answer to the question on the graph to the left and on your knowledge of social studies.
Information provided by the graph shows that between 1988 and 1993, there was an increased need for candidates of major political parties to win the support of