Part 5 US History EOC


Part 5 US History EOC
Quiz by april.robinson.s, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by april.robinson.s over 7 years ago

Resource summary

Question 1

The changing image of women during the 1920s was symbolized by the
  • passage of an equal pay act
  • drafting of women into the army
  • popularity of the flappers and their style of dress
  • appointment of several women to President Calvin Coolidge’s cabinet

Question 2

The Scopes Trial of 1925 is an example of
  • the effects of assimilation on American culture
  • a clash between scientific ideas and religious beliefs
  • an increase in violence in American society
  • government intervention in racial conflicts

Question 3

During the 1920s, controversies concerning the Scopes trial, national Prohibition, and the behavior of “flappers” were all signs of disagreements over
  • the return to normalcy
  • traditional values and changing lifestyles
  • causes of the Great Depression
  • the benefits of new technolog

Question 4

Which statement about Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal program is most accurate?
  • Protective tariff rates increased.
  • Social welfare programs were expanded.
  • Government regulation of business was reduced.
  • Government support of environmental conservation ended.

Question 5

The New Deal programs of President Franklin D. Roosevelt changed the United States economy by
  • restoring the principal of a balanced budget
  • expanding the trustbusting practices of Progressive Era presidents
  • encouraging greater production of agricultural goods
  • increasing government involvement with both business and labor

Question 6

The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) and the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), established during the New Deal, were important because they
  • increased the supply of money in circulation
  • guaranteed loans to failing businesses and banks
  • attempted to restore public confidence in financial institutions
  • provided grants to unemployed workers

Question 7

New Deal programs such as the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) and the Works Progress Administration (WPA) were primarily intended to help
  • farmers
  • homeowners
  • businesses
  • unemployed workers

Question 8

The National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act) of 1935 strengthened labor unions because it legalized
  • collective bargaining
  • blacklisting
  • the open shop
  • the sit-down strike

Question 9

The strongest opposition to President Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal programs came from
  • western farmers
  • business leaders
  • factory workers
  • recent immigrants

Question 10

The Supreme Court declared some New Deal laws unconstitutional because these laws
  • overextended the power of the federal government
  • forced the federal government into heavy debt
  • ignored the rights of minority groups and women
  • failed to solve the problems for which they were intended

Question 11

Congress refused to enact President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s court-packing plan because the plan
  • threatened to upset the constitutional system of checks and balances
  • entrusted too much power to the judicial branch
  • called for an increase in income taxes
  • required passage of a constitutional amendment

Question 12

At the beginning of World War II, national debate focused on whether the United States should continue the policy of
  • coexistence
  • containment
  • imperialism
  • isolationism

Question 13

“Arms Sales to Warring Nations Banned” “Loans to Nations at War Forbidden” “War Materials Sold Only on Cash-and-Carry Basis” These headlines from the 1930s reflect the efforts of the United States to
  • maintain freedom of the seas
  • send military supplies to the League of Nations
  • limit the spread of international communism
  • avoid participation in European wars

Question 14

Between 1934 and 1937, Congress passed a series of neutrality acts that were designed primarily to
  • strengthen the nation’s military defenses
  • provide aid to other democratic nations
  • create jobs for unemployed American workers
  • avoid mistakes that had led to American involvement in World War I

Question 15

Why was the United States called the “arsenal of democracy” in 1940?
  • The leaders in the democratic nations of Europe were educated in the United States.
  • Most of the battles to defend worldwide democracy took place on American soil.
  • The United States supervised elections in European nations before the war.
  • The United States provided much of the weaponry needed to fight the Axis powers.

Question 16

• Cash and Carry (1937) • Destroyers for Naval Bases Deal (1940) • Lend-Lease Act (1941) Which change in United States foreign policy is demonstrated by the passage of these acts prior to World War II?
  • a shift from neutrality toward more direct involvement
  • an effort to become more neutral
  • a movement from isolationism to containment of communism
  • a desire to provide aid to both Allied and Axis powers

Question 17

Which statement most accurately describes the foreign policy change made by the United States between the start of World War II (1939) and the attack on Pearl Harbor (1941)?
  • The traditional isolationism of the United States was strengthened.
  • The nation shifted from neutrality to military support for the Allies.
  • War was declared on Germany but not on Japan.
  • Financial aid was offered to both the Allied and Axis powers.

Question 18

Shortly after entering World War II, the United States began the Manhattan Project to
  • work on the development of an atomic bomb
  • increase economic production to meet wartime demands
  • defend New York City against a nuclear attack
  • recruit men for the military services

Question 19

Base your answer to the question on the poster to the left and on your knowledge of social studies. During World War II, this poster was used primarily to
  • contain the spread of communism
  • create jobs for the unemployed
  • gain financial support for the war
  • convince women to fill vacant factory jobs

Question 20

A controversial issue that resulted from World War II was the
  • future role of the League of Nations
  • morality of nuclear warfare
  • commitment of troops without congressional approval
  • civilian control of the military

Question 21

Convictions of war criminals by courts at Tokyo and Nuremberg following World War II showed that
  • government officials and military leaders could be held accountable for their actions
  • the United Nations accepted responsibility for international peacekeeping
  • the League of Nations could successfully enforce international law
  • nations that start wars would be forced to rebuild war-torn nations

Question 22

During World War II, the federal government used rationing to
  • hold down prices of military weapons
  • increase educational benefits for veterans
  • increase imports of scarce products
  • provide more resources for the military

Question 23

During World War II, many women experienced a change in role in that they
  • served in military combat positions
  • worked in jobs formerly held by men
  • controlled most corporations
  • chaired several congressional committees

Question 24

In the 1944 case Korematsu v. United States, the Supreme Court ruled that wartime conditions justified the
  • use of women in military combat
  • ban against strikes by workers
  • limitations placed on civil liberties
  • reduction in the powers of the president

Question 25

Which factor contributed to the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II?
  • labor shortage during the war
  • influence of racial prejudice
  • increase of terrorist activities on the West Coast
  • fear of loss of jobs to Japanese workers

Question 26

To help pay for World War II, the United States government relied heavily on the
  • money borrowed from foreign governments
  • sale of war bonds
  • sale of United States manufactured goods to neutral nations
  • printing of additional paper money

Question 27

What was the main purpose of the GI Bill passed by Congress shortly before the end of World War II?
  • to offer low-interest loans to the defense industry
  • to provide economic aid to veterans
  • to contain the spread of international communism
  • to expand career opportunities in the military

Question 28

The baby boom primarily resulted from the
  • economic prosperity of the 1920s
  • Great Depression of the 1930s
  • delay in marriages during World War II
  • counterculture movement of the 1960s

Question 29

The experiences of African Americans serving in the military forces during World War II influenced their postwar decision to
  • renew support for the principle of separate but equal
  • join the armed forces in record numbers
  • increase efforts to end racial discrimination
  • move back to the rural south

Question 30

What was one result of World War II?
  • The arms race ended.
  • The Cold War ended.
  • Communism was eliminated.
  • Two superpowers emerged.

Question 31

“Soviets Create Iron Curtain in Eastern Europe” “Mao Zedong Leads Successful Revolution in China” “North Korean Invasion of South Korea Leads to War” Which development is reflected in these headlines?
  • the post–World War II expansion of communism
  • the beginning of détente between the Soviet Union and the United States
  • the return to an isolationist foreign policy
  • the beginning of pro-democracy movements during the Cold War

Question 32

During the Cold War era, the United States and the Soviet Union were hesitant to become involved in direct military conflict mainly because of
  • the threat of China to both nations
  • pressure from nonaligned nations
  • the potential for global nuclear destruction
  • mutual dependence on Middle East petroleum

Question 33

The primary goal of the United States foreign policy of containment was to
  • return to noninvolvement in world affairs
  • stop communist influence from spreading
  • gain territories in Africa and Latin America
  • overthrow existing dictatorships

Question 34

Which foreign policy decision by President Harry Truman is an example of the policy of containment?
  • relieving General MacArthur of his Korean command
  • recognizing the new nation of Israel
  • supporting the trials of war criminals in Germany and Japan
  • providing military aid to Greece and Turkey

Question 35

The main foreign policy objective of the Marshall Plan (1948–1952) was to
  • stop communist aggression in Korea
  • fight poverty in Latin America
  • rebuild the economies of European nations
  • provide jobs for unemployed Americans

Question 36

Base your answer to the question on the cartoon to the left and on your knowledge of social studies. The United States carried out the idea expressed in this late 1940s cartoon by
  • forming a military alliance with Russia
  • airlifting supplies to West Berlin
  • accepting Russian authority over West Berlin
  • agreeing to turn over control of Berlin to the United Nations

Question 37

What was a major outcome of the Korean War (1950–1953)?
  • Korea continued to be a divided nation.
  • North Korea became an ally of the United States.
  • South Korea became a communist nation.
  • Control of Korea was turned over to the United Nations.

Question 38

In the 1950s, the domino theory was used by President Dwight D. Eisenhower to justify
  • sending federal troops into Little Rock, Arkansas
  • United States involvement in Vietnam
  • joining the United Nations
  • opposing Britain and France in the Suez Canal crisis
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