Part 1-US History EOC Review Test


Part 1-US History EOC Review Test
Quiz by april.robinson.s, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by april.robinson.s over 7 years ago

Resource summary

Question 1

Most historians consider Alexander Hamilton to have been a successful Secretary of the Treasury because he
  • expanded trade with all nations
  • established a sound financial plan for the new nation
  • eliminated tariffs between the states
  • opposed payment of previous federal government debts

Question 2

As Secretary of the Treasury, Alexander Hamilton was most noted for
  • devising a plan to pay off the nation's debts
  • beginning a system to tax exports
  • arranging necessary loans from European nations
  • raising revenue from the sale of western lands

Question 3

One major reason that Alexander Hamilton proposed a national bank was to
  • improve the economic position of the United States government
  • help state governments collect taxes
  • make loans available to owners of small farms
  • reduce foreign investment in the United States

Question 4

One reason James Madison and Thomas Jefferson objected to Alexander Hamilton's financial policies was that they believed
  • the establishment of a national bank was unconstitutional
  • a laissez-faire policy would not help the country's economy
  • the government should encourage industrial development
  • high tariffs were needed to protect America's economic interests

Question 5

Which action during Washington's administration led to the Whiskey Rebellion in western Pennsylvania?
  • passage of a new excise tax
  • establishment of a presidential cabinet
  • creation of the Bank of the United States
  • ban on slavery in the Northwest Territory

Question 6

Conflicts between Jeffersonians and Hamiltonians during President George Washington's first administration led directly to the
  • end of the Era of Good Feelings
  • decision to replace the Articles of Confederation
  • addition of the elastic clause to the Constitution
  • start of the first political parties

Question 7

-Alien and Sedition Acts -Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions These pieces of legislation reflected the conflict between
  • Congress and the president
  • states' rights and federal supremacy
  • the military and the civilian government
  • the United States Supreme Court and the state courts

Question 8

The decision in Marbury v. Madison (1803) expanded the power of the Supreme Court by
  • restricting the use of the elastic clause
  • establishing the power of judicial review
  • upholding the constitutionality of the National Bank
  • interpreting the interstate commerce clause

Question 9

How did Supreme Court decisions under Chief Justice John Marshall affect government in the United States?
  • Federal power increased at the expense of the states.
  • Strict limits were placed on congressional use of the elastic clause.
  • The impeachment of federal judges was declared unconstitutional.
  • State powers under the 10th Amendment were expanded.

Question 10

On what grounds would strict constructionists of the United States Constitution have questioned the purchase of the Louisiana Territory?
  • It violated the guarantee of stats' rights
  • The president was not specifically given the power to purchase new land.
  • Congress was opposed the expansion west of the Mississippi River.
  • The Constitution applied only to the original thirteen states

Question 11

How did President George Washington react to the conflict between France and England in 1793?
  • He used the opportunity to begin the war for American independence.
  • He declared the neutrality of the United States.
  • He aided the French because they had supported the American Revolution.
  • He negotiated a peace settlement between the warring nations.

Question 12

"'Tis [It is] or true policy to steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world...." -----President George Washington, Farwell Address, 1796 The United States was able to follow this advice from President Washington for several decades primarily because of
  • industrial and agricultural self-sufficiency
  • strong support from other Western Hemisphere nations
  • geographic isolation from Europe
  • peaceful relations between the European powers

Question 13

The foreign policies of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and James Monroe were similar in that they each
  • supported wars against England
  • failed to acquire new territory
  • attempted to avoid involvement in European affairs
  • aided the French in return for their help during the Revolutionary War

Question 14

Which is an example of the concept of Manifest Destiny in action?
  • The Missouri Compromise
  • the annexation of Mexican territory
  • the Transatlantic Slave Trade
  • the Compromise of 1850

Question 15

During the first half of the 19th century, territorial expansion led to
  • increased tensions over slavery
  • improved relations with bordering nations
  • fewer conflicts with Native American Indians
  • decreased domestic demand for manufactured goods

Question 16

In the mid-1800s, the growth of the populations of California and the western territories was mainly a result of the
  • discovery of gold and silver
  • opening of the Panama Canal
  • migration of freedmen after the Civil War
  • secession of the Southern states

Question 17

As a result of President Andrew Jackson's policies, Native American Indians were
  • relocated to reservation in Mexico
  • forcibly removed to areas west of the Mississippi River
  • gradually allowed to return to their ancestral lands
  • given United States citizenship

Question 18

Why were James Fennimore Cooper's novels "The Last of the Mohicans" and "The Pathfinder" considered the first "American" novels?
  • Cooper focused on themes of the frontier that were prominent in American culture.
  • Cooper imitated the formal style of European essays.
  • Cooper wrote on the current political themes of abolition and temperance.
  • Cooper used European attitudes and values to form his American themes.

Question 19

Prior to 1850, what was a main reason the North developed and economy increasingly based on manufacturing while the South continued to rely on an economy based on agriculture?
  • Protective tariffs applied only to northern seaports.
  • Geographic conditions supported different types of economic activity.
  • Slavery in the North promoted rapid economic growth.
  • Manufacturers failed to make a profit in the South

Question 20

Which group's numbers increased the most as a result of the industrial Revolution?
  • skilled craftsmen
  • landed aristocracy
  • urban middle class
  • owners of small farms

Question 21

Which statement describes a result of the Industrial Revolution in the United States?
  • Farm production decreased.
  • Slavery in the South increased.
  • The population of the cities decreased.
  • Immigration to the United States increased.

Question 22

In an outline, which main topic would include the other three?
  • Erie Canal
  • 19th-Century Internal Improvements
  • Transcontinental Railroad
  • National Road

Question 23

What economic change resulted from the transportation revolution before the Civil War?
  • The Northeast became better connected to the western section of the country
  • Trade between the United States and Europe was sharply reduced.
  • The system of slavery on southern plantations began to disappear.
  • The federal government began to regulate new businesses

Question 24

The Major purpose of the Monroe Doctrine (1823) was to
  • create a military alliance for the defense of North America
  • guarantee democratic governments in Latin America
  • secure new colonies in the Caribbean
  • limit European influence in the Western Hemisphere

Question 25

From 1820 to 1865, the debates over nullification, protective tariffs, and the spread of slavery into the new territories concerned the constitutional issue of the
  • balance of power between the federal and state governments
  • balance between rights of individuals and the need to maintain order
  • protection of the rights of ethnic and racial groups
  • separation of power between the executive and legislative branches

Question 26

President Andrew Jackson claimed that use of the spoils system increased democracy in the federal government because it
  • removed property-holding qualifications for voting
  • limited the role of the Electoral College in presidential elections
  • allowed larger numbers of citizens to hold office
  • used nominating conventions to pick political party candidates

Question 27

The Declaration of Sentiments from the Seneca Falls Convention of 1848 proclaimed that
  • the abolition of slavery was necessary
  • all men and women are created equal
  • California should be admitted as a free state
  • the sale of alcoholic beverages should be illegal

Question 28

Base your answer to question 28 on the information below and on your knowledge of social studies. To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives in Congress Assembled, We the undersigned, citizens of the United States, but deprived of some of the privileges and immunities of citizens among which, is the right to vote, beg leave to submit the following resolution: Resolved; that we the officers and members of the National Woman Suffrage Association, in convention assembled, respectfully ask Congress to enact appropriate legislation during its present session to protect women citizens in the several states of this Union, in their right to vote. — Susan B. Anthony, Matilda Joslyn Gage, and Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1873) Source: National Archives and Records Administration This resolution illustrates the constitutional right to
  • petition for redress of grievances
  • protection against unreasonable search and seizure
  • a speedy and public trial
  • freedom of religion

Question 29

During the 1840s, abolitionists opposed annexation of new western territory because they
  • feared the admission of new slave states
  • wanted to limit the power of the national government
  • were concerned with the legal rights of Native American Indians
  • supported an isolationist foreign policy

Question 30

“A house divided against itself cannot stand. . . . I do not expect the Union to be dissolved; I do not expect the house to fall; but I do expect it will cease to be divided. It will become all one thing or all the other. . . .” — Abraham Lincoln, 1858 The “divided house” referred to in this speech was caused primarily by
  • expansionism
  • war with Mexico
  • slavery
  • the suffrage movement

Question 31

The Missouri Compromise (1820), and the Compromise of 1850 were both efforts to
  • end fighting between Midwestern farmers and Native American Indians
  • encourage manufacturing in the West
  • increase the number of people who voted in presidential elections
  • settle disputes over the spread of slavery to the western territories

Question 32

In the Kansas- Nebraska Act of 1854, popular sovereignty was proposed as a way to
  • allow northern states the power to ban slavery
  • deny southern states the legal right to own slaves
  • allow settlers in new territories to vote on the issue of slavery
  • overturn previous Supreme Court decisions on slavery

Question 33

Base your answer to question 33 on the poster to the left and on your knowledge of social studies.
  • passage of the fugitive slave law
  • start of the Civil War
  • issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation
  • enactment of the 13th Amendment

Question 34

One way that “Bleeding Kansas,” the Dred Scott decision, and John Brown’s raid on Harper’s Ferry had a similar effect on the United States was that these events
  • ended conflict over slavery in the territories
  • eased tensions between the North and the South
  • contributed to the formation of the Whig Party
  • made sectional compromise more difficult

Question 35

“. . . Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable!” — Daniel Webster, 1830 The principle expressed in this statement was also reflected in
  • Thomas Jefferson’s call for nullification of the Alien and Sedition Acts
  • Federalist Party threats during the War of 1812
  • John Calhoun’s defense of States rights
  • Abraham Lincoln’s attitude toward Southern secession

Question 36

As the Civil War began, President Abraham Lincoln stated that his primary goal was to
  • end slavery
  • set new national boundaries
  • increase congressional powers
  • preserve the Union

Question 37

Actions Taken by President Abraham Lincoln during the Civil War I. Increased the size of the army without congressional authorization II. Arrested and jailed anti-Unionists without giving a reason III. Censored some anti-Union newspapers and had some editors and publishers arrested Which statement is most clearly supported by these actions of President Lincoln?
  • Wartime emergencies led President Lincoln to expand his presidential powers.
  • President Lincoln was impeached for violating the Constitution.
  • Checks and balances effectively limited President Lincoln’s actions.
  • President Lincoln wanted to abolish the Bill of Rights.

Question 38

The Civil War affected the northern economy by
  • causing a severe depression
  • increasing unemployment rates
  • decreasing demand for agricultural products
  • stimulating industrialization
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