A decrease in sensory responsiveness accompanying an unchanging stimulus is called...
The size of the pupil is controlled by the...
The process by which the lens changes its curvature is...
The sensory receptor of the eye that functions best in dim light is the...
The phenomenon of size constancy is based on the close connection between an object’s perceived _______ and its perceived ________.
Frequency is to pitch as ___ is to ___.
According to the gate-control theory, a way to alleviate chronic pain would be to stimulate the ___ nerve fibers that ___ the spinal gate.
The transduction of light energy into nerve impulses takes place in the...
The brain breaks vision into separate dimensions such as color, depth, movement, and form, and works on each aspect simultaneously. This is an example of ...
One light may appear reddish and another greenish if they differ in...
Although carpenter Smith perceived a briefly viewed object as a screwdriver, police officer Jones perceived the same object as a knife. This difference illustrates that perception is guided by...
As the football game continued into the night, Joe noticed that he was having difficulty distinguishing the colors of the players’ uniforms. This is because the _____, which enable color visions, have a ______ absolute threshold for brightness than the available light intensity.
When we stare at a nearby object, each eye receives a slightly different image, providing a depth cue known as...
The principle that one sense may influence another is...
Which of the following is the correct order of the structures through which light passes through the eye?
Lens, pupil, cornea, retina
Pupil, cornea, lens, retina
Pupil, lens, cornea, retina
Cornea, pupil, lens, retina
Seventy-year-old Mrs. Martinez finds that she must spice her food heavily or she cannot taste it. Unfortunately, her son often finds her cooking inedible because it is so spicy. What is the likely explanation for their taste differences?
Mrs. Martinez's son is a long time smoker
Being 70-years-old, Mrs. Martinez probably has fewer taste buds than her son
All of the above
To maximize your sensitivity to fine visual detail you should...
Stare off to one side of the object you are attempting to see
Close one eye
Decrease the intensity of the light falling upon the object
Stare directly at the object
Eve hates the bitter taste of her cough syrup. Which of the following would she find most helpful in minimizing the syrup’s bad taste?
Tasting something sweet before taking the cough syrup
Keeping the syrup in her mouth for several seconds before swallowing it
Holding her nose while taking the cough syrup
There is nothing that can be done to minimize the perception of bad taste
Which of the following is true of cones?
Cones enable color vision
Cones are highly concentrated in the foveal region of the retina
Cones have higher absolute thresholds for brightness than rods
All of the above
Which of the following is an example of sensory interaction?
Finding that despite its delicious aroma, an unappetizing, weird-looking meal tastes bad
Finding that food tastes bland when you have a bad cold
Finding it difficult to maintain your balance when you have an ear infection
All of the above
Which of the following correctly lists the order of structures through which sound travels after entering the ear?
Auditory canal, eardrum, middle ear, cochlea
Eardrum, auditory canal, middle ear, cochlea
Eardrum, middle ear, cochlea, auditory canal
Cochlea, eardrum, middle ear, auditory canal
Dr. Frankenstein has forgotten to give his monster an important part within the inner ear, as a result, the monster cannot transduce sound. Doctor Frankenstein omitted the...
Sensation is to [blank_start]bottom-up processing[blank_end] as perseption is to [blank_start]top-down processing[blank_end]
The process by which we organize and interpret sensory information is called [blank_start]perseption.[blank_end]
Subliminal stimuli are...
too waek to be processed by the brain in any way
consciously percieved more than 50% of the time
always strong enough to affect our behavior
below our absolute threshold for conscious awareness
Another term for difference threshold is the [blank_start]just noticable difference[blank_end]
just noticable difference
barely noticeable difference
Weber's Law states that for a diference to be percieved, two stimuli must differ by...
a fixed or constant energy amount
a constant minimum percent
a contantly changing amount
more than 7%
Sensory aadaption helps us focus on [blank_start]important changes in the envoirment[blank_end]
important changes in the envoirment
constant features of the enviorment
Our perceptual set influences what we perceive. This mental tendency reflects our [blank_start]experiences and assumptions[blank_end].
experiences and assumptions
The characteristic of light that determines the color we experience, such as blue or green, is [blank_start]wavelength[blank_end]
The amplitude of a light wave determines our perception of [blank_start]brightness[blank_end]
The blind spot in your retina is located where...
there are rods but NO cones
there are cones but NO rods
the optic nerve leaves the eye
the bipolar cells meet the ganglian cells
Cones are the eye's receptor cells that are especially sensitive to [blank_start]bright[blank_end] light and are responsible for our [blank_start]color[blank_end] vision.