TOEFL Practice Quiz (See Passage 1)


TOEFL Practice quiz based off of the readings found in the passages in note...
Quiz by aliking, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by aliking almost 10 years ago

Resource summary

Question 1

In paragraph (1) the word POSE is closest in meaning to?
  • claim
  • model
  • assume
  • present

Question 2

In paragraph 2, why does the author include the information that dinosaurs had flourished for tens of millions of years and then suddenly disappeared?
  • To support the claim that the mass extinction at the end of the Cretaceous is the best-documented of the dozen or so mass extinctions in the geological record
  • To explain why as many as half of the species on Earth at the time are believed to have become extinct at the end of the Cretaceous
  • To explain why paleontologists have always been intrigued by the mass extinction at the end of the Cretaceous
  • To provide evidence that an impact can be large enough to disturb the environment of the entire planet and cause an ecological disaster

Question 3

Which of the following can be inferred from paragraph 3 about the location of the meteorite impact in Mexico?
  • The location of the impact site in Mexico was kept secret by geologists from 1980 to 1990
  • It was a well-known fact that the impact had occurred in the Yucatán region
  • Geologists knew that there had been an impact before they knew where it had occurred.
  • The Yucatán region was chosen by geologists as the most probable impact site because of its climate.

Question 4

According to paragraph 3, how did scientists determine that a large meteorite had impacted Earth?
  • They discovered a large crater in the Yucatán region of Mexico.
  • They found a unique layer of sediment worldwide.
  • They were alerted by archaeologists who had been excavating in the Yucatán region.
  • They located a meteorite with a mass of over a trillion tons

Question 5

In paragraph 4, the word EXCAVATING is closest to meaning to...
  • digging out
  • extending
  • destroying
  • covering up

Question 6

In paragraph 4 the word CONSUMED is closest in meaning to..
  • changed
  • exposed
  • destroyed
  • covered

Question 7

According to paragraph 4, all of the following statements are true of the impact at the end of the Cretaceous period EXCEPT:
  • A large amount of dust blocked sunlight from Earth.
  • Earth became cold and dark for several months.
  • New elements were formed in Earth’s crust.
  • Large quantities of nitric acid were produced.

Question 8

The phrase "tentatively identified" in paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to...
  • identified after careful study
  • identified without certainty
  • occasionally identified
  • easily identified

Question 9

The word perspective in paragraph 6 is closest in meaning to...
  • sense of values
  • point of view
  • calculation
  • complication

Question 10

Paragraph 6 supports which of the following statements about the factors that are essential for the survival of a species?
  • The most important factor for the survival of a species is its ability to compete and adapt to gradual changes in its environment
  • The ability of a species to compete and adapt to a gradually changing environment is not the only ability that is essential for survival.
  • Since most extinctions of species are due to major meteorite impacts, the ability to survive such impacts is the most important factor for the survival of a species.
  • The factors that are most important for the survival of a species vary significantly from one species to another.

Question 11

According to the passage, who conducted investigations about the current dangers posed by large meteorite impacts on Earth?
  • Paleontologists
  • Geologists
  • The United States Congress
  • NASA
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