P1- OCR 21ST Century


P1 physics Ocr 21st century science exam board
Archana R
Note by Archana R, updated more than 1 year ago
Archana R
Created by Archana R almost 9 years ago

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Planets orbit the sun in Ellipses. 8 Planets Closest to the sun-Mercury, Venus, Earth , Mars Then the asteroid belt Then the outer planet- Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune There are also other things. Such as Dwarf planets, comets, dust (all orbit the Sun)

Stars/Planets are different: Stars are huge, very hot, and very far away. They give off a huge amount of light, so you can see them from a long distance. Planets are smaller and only reflect light Planets in the solar system are much closer than any star

Solar system is 5 Thousand Million years old: It is believed that the solar system was formed from a big clouds of dust/gas One cloud started to get squeezed slightly Once the particles were closer gravity took over The whole cloud collapsed on itself At the centre of the collapse, particles came together to form a protostar A high temperature caused a process called fusion.This occurs in our sun. Hydrogen nuclei join together to form Helium. Fusion gives out masses of heat a and light energy Chemical elements with heavier atoms were formed in stars due to the fusion of different nuclei. Around the sun material form the cloud  containing H,He and other heavier elements started to clump together and became planets.

Asteroids: Left over material from when the solar system was formed Rocks between Mars and Jupiter didn't form planets and stayed as they were Smallish bits of rubble and rock. These are called asteroids.

Comets: Are small balls of dust,ice and rock, which orbit in elongated ellipses. Often in different planes from planets As the comet approaches the sun, the ice melts leaving a bright tail behind, which can be millions of kilometers long and can be seen from Earth. Known as shooting stars 

The solar system and its contents

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