The Earth's surface

Description

Junior Certificate Geography Mind Map on The Earth's surface, created by Shane Buckley on 24/05/2014.
Shane Buckley
Mind Map by Shane Buckley, updated more than 1 year ago
Shane Buckley
Created by Shane Buckley over 9 years ago
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Resource summary

The Earth's surface
  1. The crust
    1. Made up of plates
      1. Plate tectonics
        1. Plate Boundaries
          1. Destructive
            1. Fold Mountains
              1. The andes
              2. Earthquakes
                1. Alaska 1964
              3. Constructive
                1. Mid ocean ridges
                  1. Mid-Atlantic ridge
                  2. Volcanic mountains
                    1. Mt Vesuvious
                      1. Dormant but will erupt again
                    2. Volcanic Islands
                      1. Iceland
                    3. Passive
                      1. Earthquakes
                        1. Chile 1960
                        2. Fault lines
                          1. San Andreas fault
                    4. The outermost layer
                    5. The mantle
                      1. The core
                        1. Earthquakes
                          1. Seismograph
                            1. Seismologist
                            2. Richter Scale
                              1. Focus
                                1. Epicentre
                                  1. Tremor
                                  2. Fold mountains
                                    1. Destructive Boundary
                                      1. One plate subducted
                                        1. Other goes up and forms fold mountain
                                          1. Gets melted in magma
                                            1. Eventually Reforms into Mid-Ocean ridge
                                          2. The Alps
                                            1. Periods of folding
                                              1. Alpine(30-35 million years)
                                                1. Amorican(250 million years)
                                              2. Volcanoes
                                                1. Magma rises from magma chamber through vent
                                                  1. Reaches the surface as lava
                                                    1. Build up of material from eruptions causes cone shape
                                                      1. Eruption causes Ash cloud
                                                      2. Extict
                                                        1. Active
                                                          1. Dormant
                                                          2. Mid-Ocean Ridges
                                                            1. Magma rises through cracks in crust
                                                              1. Cools and hardens into rock
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