Chapter 6: Long-Term Memory: Structure


Comparing short-term and long-term memory processes, episodic and semantic memory, procedural memory, priming, and conditioning
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Chapter 6: Long-Term Memory: Structure
  1. Long-term memory
    1. The system that is responsible for sotring information for long periods of time
      1. Coding in long-term
        1. Coding refers to the form in which stimuli are represented
          1. Visual coding
            1. Visualize a person or place from the past
            2. Auditory coding
              1. "play" a song in your head
              2. Semantic coding
                1. Remember meaning, not exact wording
              3. Parts of LTM
                1. Explicit/Declaritive
                  1. Conscious recollection of events experienced and fast learning
                    1. Episodic
                      1. Memory of personal events
                        1. Eventually turns to semantic
                        2. Semantic
                          1. Facts and knowledge
                        3. Implicit
                          1. Learning from experience is not accompanied by conscious remembering
                            1. Procedural
                              1. Memory for doing things that usually involve learned skills
                              2. Priming
                                1. The presentation of one stimulus changes the way a person responds to another stimulus
                                  1. Propaganda Effect
                                    1. The more times you hear something the more likely you are to believe it
                                  2. Classical conditioning
                                    1. Learning something and not realizing that you are learning it
                              3. Serial Position Curve
                                1. Memory is better for words at the beginning of the list and at the end of the list than for words in the middle
                                  1. Primacy
                                    1. More likely to remember words presented at the beginning of a sequence and are transferred into LTM
                                    2. Recency
                                      1. More likely to remember words presented at the end of a sequence and are still in STM
                                    3. Double dissociation
                                      1. Area of the brain damaged and hurts one function not the other
                                        1. STM and LTM
                                          1. H.M. and Clive Wearing had STM: OK and LTM: Impaired
                                            1. K.F. had STM: Impaired and LTM: OK
                                            2. Semantic and Episodic
                                              1. K.C. had S: OK and E: Poor
                                                1. Italian Woman had S: poor and E: OK
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