|Term used by the Chinese to refer to anyone who was not Chinese or who lived outside Chinese borders.
|- Cut off from - Separate from - Having no contact with
|DYNASTY (plural: DYNASTIES)
|Line of rulers from the same family, and the time period during which they ruled.
|A source that was created at the time / in the time being investigated, e.g.: - bones, skeletons, items found in tombs - art : paintings, mosaics, sculptures - pottery, tools, weapons - household utensils, toys - letters, diaries, photographs
|MANDATE OF HEAVEN
|Belief that the ruler has been chosen by the gods to rule.
|Room where dead bodies are buried or stored
|Engraved or etched writing; writing on bone, shell, bronze or some other object
|Chinese religion that believes that nature works in harmony; following the Dao (the Way) will lead to happiness and health
|Philosopher who taught about life and government; his sayings were collected by his followers and published as 'The Analects'; c. 500 BCE
|Army of soldiers, made of terracotta or clay, that stood guard over the tomb of China's first Emperor.
|Thinker; person who studies and asks the deep questions of life - Who are we? Why are we here?
|Supreme male ruler of an empire (one or more countries or regions)
|Land that is rich in nutrients and is good for farming and producing crops
|WARRING STATES PERIOD
|Period of time from 475-221 BCE when seven states fought each other for control of northern China.
|Tenant farmer who worked on land owned by the gentry; had to give half of everything they produced to their landlord and pay government taxes
|Government official from the gentry class (elite, privileged, wealthy) who was also a scholar (educated).