|Name means "land between the rivers". Where the first civilization began. Present day Iraq & Syria.
|The region in the Middle East which curves, like a quarter-moon shape. Known as the "Cradle of Civilization".
|Polytheistic (or polytheism)
|The belief in many gods
|The massive platform that the Sumerians built their religious temples on.
|Means "rule by god". Describes a government where the ruler is thought to be a God. Ex: Anceint Egypt
|1st writing system developed by the Sumerians.
|1st written laws, given to people of Ancient Babylon by King Hammurabi. Very strict.
|Hammurabi's Law Code
|A society dominated by men.
|The longest river in the world.
|The Nile River
|The annual flooding of the Nile River. The flood leaves behind rich, fertile mud.
|Rich, black mud left behind from the flooding of the Nile RIver.
|The king who united Lower & Upper Egypt (around 3100 BC).
|Means "great house of"; a family of rulers.
|Name for Egyptian King.
|The "life force". The part of the physical body that the Egyptians believed was stuck in after death.
|The part of the soul that embarked on a journey to follow the gods.
|The Ancient Egyptian way of preserving the body. Included removing the organs, drying out the body, and wrapping it in linen.
|Containers used to hold the internal organs of the person being mummified.
|The outer layer of protection for a royal mummy.
|Pharaoh responsible for the Great Pyramid at Giza.
|The Great Pyramid
|Largest of the 3 pyramids at Giza. Built by King Khufu.
|King Khufu's Boat
|Discovered in 1952, buried under the Great Pyramid, it would be needed to ferry King Khufu's spirit across the sky to be with Ra (the sun god).
|The Great Sphinx
|One of the oldest statues in the world. Archaeologists believe that it was carved around 2500 BC and that the head is meant to be the likeness of the Pharaoh Khafra.
|Egyptian Picture Writing
|A stone with writing on it in two languages (Egyptian and Greek), using three scripts (hieroglyphic, demotic, and Greek).
|The Rosetta Stone
|Invaded Egypt and ruled for about 200 years. Introduced the horse drawn chariot.
|First great woman ruler in history. She ruled Egypt as a king. Sculptures and mask show her with a false beard.
|Akhenaten (aka Amenhotep)
|Rejected the traditional religion in favor of worshiping the Aten (sun disc) after whom he renamed himself.
|17 year old boy pharaoh whose tomb survived untouched by grave robbers. More than 3000 artifacts were found in his tomb.
|Reigned over 67 years, fathered over 100 children, defeated the Hitties (and other superpowers of ancient times). He declared himself a living god.
|Reed like plant that grows on the Nile River Ancient Egyptians used to write on.
|The spreading of ideas from one culture to another.