The Constitution and Bill of Rights


High School Diploma Social Studies (American History) Flashcards on The Constitution and Bill of Rights, created by Niat Habtemariam on 13/07/2013.
Niat Habtemariam
Flashcards by Niat Habtemariam, updated more than 1 year ago
Niat Habtemariam
Created by Niat Habtemariam over 10 years ago

Resource summary

Question Answer
Federalism Separation of Powers between National and State government.
Due Process The concept that the government must follow clear rules to carry out the laws.
Warrant An order from a judge that gives permission to police or other officials to take certain action, such as searching someone's property.
Ratify To approve a treaty or document.
Defendant A person who is required to defend himself or herself in legal action. An example is an accused person who is put on trial for a crime.
Self-Incrimination Giving testimony that can be used against oneself.
Double Jeopardy Putting a person on trial for more than once for the same trial.
Anti-Federalist This group did not want to ratify the Constitution.
Bill of Rights A formal listing of the basic rights of U.S. citizens.
Federalist This group supported the ratification of the U.S. Constitution.
Republic A government in which citizens rule themselves through elected representatives.
Separation of Powers Principle by which the powers of government are divided among separate branches(Judicial, Legislative, and Executive Branch).
Checks and Balances A system by which each branch of government can check or control the actions of other branches.
Popular Sovereignty A principle in which the people have the final authority in government.
Representative Government A System of government in which voters elect representatives to make laws for them.
Grand Jury A group of people who hear the government's evidence and decide if the trial is justified.
Right Lawful action
Effects Personal Items (Things)
Seizures Forcibly taking control of a person or property
Seized Taken
Unreasonable Unlawful
Secure Safe
Affirmation Declaration
Issue Be written
Warrant A written order
Probable Likely
Violated Disturbed
Indictment a formal change
Bail money or property given to the court to hold until an accused person shows up at trial
Deprived to withhold or take of something
Compensation payment given to someone to offset, or make up for, a loss or injury
Controversial when many people have strong opinions on a subject, causing conflict or disagreement
First Amendment Guarantees the freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and the right to petition government.
Second Amendment Guarantees the right to bear arms.
Third Amendment Prohibits the quartering of homes in peacetime.
Fourth Amendment Prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures.
Fifth Amendment Requires grand jury indictment for a serious crime, bans double jeopardy, no loss to life, liberty or property without due process of law.
Sixth Amendment Guarantees the right to a speedy, impartial public trial in criminal cases with counsel and the right and the right to cross examine.
Seventh Amendment Guarantees the right to a jury trial in civil suits involving $20.00 or more.
Eighth Amendment Prohibits excessive bail or fines or cruel or unusual punishment.
Ninth Amendment The People retain the rights not specifically listed in the Constitution.
Tenth Amendment Asserts that powers not delegated to the national government or denied to the states are reserved to the states.
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