Present simple&Present continuous

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Learn the basic difference between the present simple and present continuous tenses.
Julia Borisova
Slide Set by Julia Borisova, updated more than 1 year ago
Julia Borisova
Created by Julia Borisova over 7 years ago
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Resource summary

Slide 1

    Grammar Lesson 1
    PRESENT SIMPLE & PRESENT CONTINUOUS(elementary - A2 level)

Slide 2

    Basic difference between the present tenses
    In today´s lesson we´re going to improve the understanding of the present simple and present continuous and a few more details on how to use these tenses.  

Slide 3

    Basic difference: present simple & present continuous
    The simple present is used:1.) to talk about facts and general truths:My name is Jane. The grass is green.  The world is round. The sun rises in the East. 

Slide 4

    Let´s practice it!
    Use the present simple to answer these questions:1.) Where do you come from? I come from ...............................2.) What´s your job?/ What do you do? I´m a ............   I work in/for/at ................3.) What´s the capital of Poland? The capital of Poland is .....................4.) How old are you? I´m ............. (years old).  

Slide 5

    Adverbs of frequency - present simple
    2.) it is used with adverbs of frequency such as: always, every day, usually, often, every other day, sometimes, seldom, rarely, hardly ever, never. 

Slide 6

    What are some of the things that you: * always do? (I always ......)* do every day? (I ............ every day)* usually do ? (I usually ......)* often do? (I often ......)* sometimes do? (I sometimes ......   OR I ......... sometimes.)* hardly ever do? (I hardly every ....... )* never do? (I never ...... )
    Let´s practice it!

Slide 7

    3.) It is used with sative verbs (these are the verbs that do not have an - ing form because they do not express actions, but states).These include:understand / own / believe / want / know / like / seem / need / prefer / hate / loveHe currently (= now) owns a quad. (correct)  Don´t say:He´s currently owning a quad. (incorrect) 
    Caption: : quad bike
    Present simple with stative verbs

Slide 8

    Present continuous (progressive)
    1.) Present continuous is used to talk about actions that are happening NOW, at the moment of speaking.For instance:It´s raining right now, don´t forget to take your umbrella and wellies.   

Slide 9

    2.) Present continuous is used for situations that are temporary, which means that they won´t continue for a long time. I live in Poland (= permanent situation), but this week I´m staying (= temporary situation) with my sister in Prague. 
    Present continuous for temporary situations

Slide 10

Slide 11

    Words commonly used with the present continuous
    now, right now, at the moment, today, currently, this afternoon, this week, this month, and this year Examples:This afternoon I´m playing football.My brother is currently working in Brighton (England).She´s writing another book this year.  Peter Brown is working for Volunteer Africa for a month.

Slide 12

    Present continuous for future arrangements
    3.) use the present continuous to talk about planned future arrangements (that means that a person A and person B know that the´re going to meet together at an agreed place and time)Examples:I´m meeting my cousin tomorrow.  Tom and Mary are coming to the party this Saturday.I´m seeing (= have a meeting) a doctor this Wednesday at 8am. 

Slide 13

    Summary
    Present simple:1.) facts and general truths2.) with adverbs of frequency (always, often, twice a week, sometimes)3.) with stative verbs (like, love, understand, want, need)
    Present continuous:1.) with situations that are happenning right now, at the moment of speaking2.) for temporary situations and with words like: now, right now, currently, this week, this month, today3.) for future arrangements 
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