Renal calculi

Description

Short quiz from Renal calculi lecture
Mark George
Quiz by Mark George, updated more than 1 year ago
Mark George
Created by Mark George over 9 years ago
115
2

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Which of the following are risk factors for renal calculi?
Answer
  • Being male
  • Being of indigenous ethnicity
  • Diet rich in minerals
  • Poor fluid intake
  • Family history

Question 2

Question
Which of the following are factors required for the formation of renal calculi?
Answer
  • Urine salt super-saturation
  • Crystallization or agglomeration
  • Precipitation of salts
  • Crystal growth-inhibiting factors

Question 3

Question
Which of the following are 3 endogenous factors affecting calculi formation?
Answer
  • Humidity
  • Particle retention
  • Increased levels of DHT
  • Presence of matrix
  • Crystal growth-inhibiting factors

Question 4

Question
Clinical manifestations of kidney stones include..
Answer
  • Incontinence, nausea, flank pain
  • Urgency, vomiting, pain in lower abdomen
  • Peristaltic contractions of the ureter, groin pain, back ache
  • All of the above

Question 5

Question
Select all of the treatment and prevention options:
Answer
  • Eat more pringles.
  • Increased fluid intake
  • Decreasing dietary fibre
  • Analgesics and antibiotics
  • Calculus removal by ultrasonic lithotripsy or surgery
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