Chapter 2

Description

Learning an Memory Psych
melikewela
Quiz by melikewela, updated more than 1 year ago
melikewela
Created by melikewela over 10 years ago
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Resource summary

Question 1

Question
The study of the brain and rest of the nervous system
Answer
  • experimental psychology
  • learning
  • psychology
  • neuroscience

Question 2

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organ system devoted to the distribution and processing of information
Answer
  • central nervous system
  • nervous system
  • peripheral nervous system
  • brain

Question 3

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collects incoming info from sensory organs of the system and from the rest of the body and process that info and coordinates the body's response
Answer
  • synapse
  • dendrites
  • receptors
  • neurons

Question 4

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what are the two parts of the nervous system
Answer
  • presynaptic
  • postsynaptic
  • central nervous system
  • peripheral nervous system

Question 5

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This is made up of the brain and spinal cord
Answer
  • central nervous system
  • peripheral nervous system

Question 6

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learning and memory takes place here
Answer
  • central nervous system
  • peripheral nervous system

Question 7

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This consists of nerve fibers that carry info from sensory receptors into the central nervous system and back out to muscle organs
Answer
  • axon
  • neurons
  • peripheral nervous system
  • neurotransmitters

Question 8

Question
Name region 1
Answer
  • frontal lobe
  • occipital lobe
  • parietal lobe
  • temporal lobe

Question 9

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name region 2
Answer
  • frontal lobe
  • occipital lobe
  • parietal lobe
  • temporal lobe

Question 10

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name region 3
Answer
  • frontal lobe
  • occipital lobe
  • parietal lobe
  • temporal lobe

Question 11

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name region 4
Answer
  • cerebellum
  • occipital lobe
  • brainstem
  • temporal lobe

Question 12

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name region 5
Answer
  • cerebellum
  • occipital lobe
  • brainstem
  • temporal lobe

Question 13

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name region 6
Answer
  • parietal lobe
  • temporal lobe
  • cerebellum
  • occipital lobe

Question 14

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front of the head
Answer
  • frontal lobe
  • parietal lobe

Question 15

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peak/ top of the head
Answer
  • frontal lobe
  • parietal lobe

Question 16

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side of the head
Answer
  • occipital lobe
  • temporal lobe

Question 17

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back of the head
Answer
  • occipital lobe
  • temporal lobe

Question 18

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back of the head
Answer
  • occipital lobe
  • temporal lobe

Question 19

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brain region that plans and performs actions
Answer
  • frontal lobe
  • occipital lobe
  • parietal lobe
  • temporal lobe

Question 20

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sees and recognizes the world
Answer
  • frontal lobe
  • occipital lobe
  • parietal lobe
  • temporal lobe

Question 21

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feels difference intextures
Answer
  • frontal lobe
  • occipital lobe
  • parietal lobe
  • temporal lobe

Question 22

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hears and remembers
Answer
  • frontal lobe
  • occipital lobe
  • parietal lobe
  • temporal lobe

Question 23

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contributes to coordination of movement and learning that involve PHYSICAL action
Answer
  • frontal lobe
  • cerebellum
  • brainstem
  • parietal lobe

Question 24

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collection of structures connecting brain to spinal cord. regulates AUTOMATIC FUNCTIONS e.g. breathing and body temperature
Answer
  • frontal lobe
  • cerebellum
  • brainstem
  • parietal lobe

Question 25

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3 main components of a neuron
Answer
  • glia
  • dendrite
  • stellate cell
  • cell body/soma
  • axon

Question 26

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the input areas that receives signals from other neurons
Answer
  • glia
  • dendrites
  • cell body/soma
  • axon

Question 27

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integrates signals from dendrites
Answer
  • receptors
  • cell body/ soma
  • axon
  • glia

Question 28

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transmits info to other neurons
Answer
  • synapse
  • neurotransmitter
  • receptors
  • axon

Question 29

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cells that provide functional and structural support to neurons.
Answer
  • glia
  • dendrites
  • cell body/ soma
  • axon

Question 30

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Glia out number the amount of neurons, just as important for brain and CNS function
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 31

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carefully measuring the size/ shape of many skulls and comparing those measurements with a person's personality/ ability
Answer
  • structural neuroimaging
  • neurophysiology
  • phrenology

Question 32

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Bumps on the skull implies bulges in the brain (phrenology)
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 33

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modern way of capturing pictures of anatomical structures within the brain. BRAIN IMAGING/ SCANNING. Shows size and shape and brain lesions
Answer
  • structural neuroimaging
  • magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Computer tomography (CT SCAN)
  • Functional neuroimaging

Question 34

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Brain lesions areas of damage in the brain caused by injury or lesions
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 35

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Today, the use of CT for structural brain imaging has largely been supplanted/ replaced by MRI
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 36

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a method of STRUCTURAL NEUROIMAGING, that produces scan that are created from multiple x-ray images. Image looks like slices (3D). Shows abnormality better for tumor or bones but still flaw for brain.
Answer
  • Computer tomography (CT scan)
  • Magnetic resonance Imaging (MRI)
  • diffusion tensor imaging (DTI)
  • Functional MRI (fMRI)

Question 37

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critical for analyzing/ interpreting changes in the brains function that occur with learning
Answer
  • Structural neuroimaging
  • Functional neuroimaging

Question 38

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Provides a way to track changes in physical properties over time
Answer
  • structural neuroimaging
  • Functional neuroimaging

Question 39

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Changes in the magnetic field generate images of internal structure (employs a giant magnet), Giant tube
Answer
  • computer tomography (CT Scan)
  • magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Functional MRI (fMRI)
  • Electroencephalography (EEG)

Question 40

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A new type of MRI that measures the diffusion of WATER in brain tissue, permitting bundles of axon throughot the brain (white matter) to be imaged
Answer
  • Functional MRI (fMRI)
  • single-cell recording
  • Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI)
  • Computer tomography (CT scan)

Question 41

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Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) is better than MRI at visualization of fiber tracts
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 42

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shows what brain is physically like
Answer
  • structural neuroimaging
  • functional neuroimaging

Question 43

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shows what brain is ACTUALLY DOING
Answer
  • structural neuroimaging
  • functional neuroimaging

Question 44

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Both structural and functional neuroimaging reveal changes associated with learning
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 45

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Involuntary/ automatic hardwired response to an organism.Present in all species and does NOT need to be learned e.g. salivation, palmar grasp, sucking
Answer
  • habituation
  • mere exposure learning
  • reflex
  • engram

Question 46

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Communicating neurons are separated by a narrow gap (about 20 nm) called ____________, across which the neurons pass chemical messages
Answer
  • synapse
  • axon
  • presynaptic
  • postsynaptic

Question 47

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Most synapse are formed between the axon of the _______ (sending) neuron and a dendrite of the ______ (receiving) neuron
Answer
  • postsynaptic, presynaptic
  • dendrite, receptor
  • presynaptic, postsynaptic
  • receptor, dendrite

Question 48

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Neurons contain molecules called _____________, these are chemical substances that can cross a synapse to carry a msg to a postsynaptic neuron
Answer
  • receptors
  • neurotransmitters
  • synapse
  • glia

Question 49

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located at the end of a PREsynaptic axon, in pockets known as vesicles
Answer
  • receptors
  • neurons
  • neurotransmitter
  • synapse

Question 50

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A neurotransmitter that acts to modulate activity in a large number of neurons rather than a single synapse. located in the brainstem
Answer
  • neuron
  • glutamate
  • neuromodulators
  • vesicles

Question 51

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Branch of psychology that deals with the relation between BRAIN FUNCTION and BEHAVIOR, usually by examining the functioning of patients with specific types of brain damage
Answer
  • neuroscience
  • experimental psychology
  • neurophysiology
  • neuropsychology

Question 52

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what is the supposed physical change in the brain that forms the basis of memory (Lashley)
Answer
  • Theory of equipotential
  • Engram
  • phrenology
  • long-term potentiation

Question 53

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this suggests that memories are not stored in one area of the rain, brain operates as a whole to store memories
Answer
  • Theory of equipotential
  • engram
  • phrenology
  • long term potentiation

Question 54

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Phrenology is correct about different brain areas have different specializations
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 55

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Lashley is correct about engram are not localized to one area of the brain
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 56

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allows you to look at brain ACTIVITY ( what its doing) , by tracking local changes in BLOOD FLOW and examine how that flow changes depending on what that person is doing/thinking . Get baseline--> then scan brain when person is doing a task
Answer
  • positron emission tomography (PET scan)
  • Diffusion Tensor Imagining (DTI)
  • Magnetic Resonance Imagine (MRI)
  • Functional Neuroimaging

Question 57

Question
In Functional neuroimaging, when the brain is active it requires more oxygen...how many second does it take for blood flow (and its cargo of oxygen) to increase in that region
Answer
  • 2-4 seconds
  • 4-6 seconds
  • 6-8 seconds

Question 58

Question
this shows how the activity at EACH POINT IN THE IMAGE has increased/ decreased in task condition compared with baseline image. red/ white/ yellow = increase blue/ green= decrease uncolored= no change
Answer
  • diffusion tensor imaging (DTI)
  • difference imaging
  • functional neuroimaging
  • Functional MRI

Question 59

Question
___________ measures brain activity by detecting RADIATION from EMISSIONS of subatomic particles called _______, associated with brains use of ________ from the blood
Answer
  • long term potentiation, event-related potentials, oxygen
  • Positron emission tomography (PET), positrons, glucose
  • Positron emission tomography (PET), glucose, positrons
  • Positron emission tomography (PET), positrons, neuromodulators

Question 60

Question
This uses MRI at baseline. Compares a MRI an MRI of the brain during performance of a task WITH a MRI of the brain at rest
Answer
  • Functional MRI (fMRI)
  • Functional Neuroimaging
  • Structural neuroimaging
  • Computed tomography (CT SCAN)

Question 61

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Functional neuroimaging uses DIRECT measure
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 62

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Functional neuroimaging only uses INDIRECT measures (measure glucose, bloodoxygen) not the actual activity of the neurons
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 63

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Functional neuroimagining is fast
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 64

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functional neuroimaging emphasize association between brain region and function
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 65

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A technique for measuring electrical activity in brain, uses recording electrodes. It records changes in changes in electrical activity.
Answer
  • EEG
  • PET
  • ERP
  • CT Scan

Question 66

Question
A technique for measuring electrical activity in brain, uses recording electrodes. It records changes in changes in electrical activity.
Answer
  • EEG
  • PET
  • ERP
  • CT Scan

Question 67

Question
EEG is cheaper than fMRI and PET Scan because there is no big scanner or dyes
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 68

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EEG can detect rapid changes in the brain with more precision (in temporal BUT lacks in SPATIAL)
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 69

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Electrodes are placed on the scalp to measure combined tiny electrical charges of large number of neurons in the brain
Answer
  • Electroencephalography (EEG)
  • Event related potentials (ERP)
  • Single-cell recording

Question 70

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EEG from a single individual averaged over multiple repetitions of an event (such as repeated stimulus presentation)
Answer
  • Single-cell recording
  • Event-related potential (ERP)
  • difference image

Question 71

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the study of ACTIVITY and FUNCTION of neurons
Answer
  • Neurophysiology
  • neuropsychology
  • neuroscience
  • experimental psychology

Question 72

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The main technique scientist use to measure FIRING PATTERNS in individual NEURONS
Answer
  • EEG
  • fMRI
  • Single cell recording
  • Event-related potentials

Question 73

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In this technique electrodes shaped as THIN NEEDLES are used that penetrate brain tissue with minimum damage
Answer
  • Single-cell recording
  • EEG
  • ERP
  • fMRI

Question 74

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chemical substances that alter the biochemical functioning of the body
Answer
  • neuromodulators
  • glucose
  • drugs
  • positron

Question 75

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drugs that work on the brain generally alter the SYNAPTIC TRANSMISSION
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 76

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how many processors can drugs affect
Answer
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4

Question 77

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Drugs can increase/decrease ability of the PREsynaptic neuron to produce/release NEUROTRANSMITTERS e.g amphetamines increase dopamine
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 78

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Drugs can increase/ decrease POSTsynaptic RECEPTORS to RECEIVEvchemical messages e.g. heroin/ morphine similar to neurotransmitter endogenous opiods that casue intense feeling of pleasure
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 79

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Drugs can alter the mechanisms for CLEARING neurotransmitter molecules out of the SYNAPSE e.g. SSRI reduce rate the serontonin is cleared fro synapse
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 80

Question
The ability of the synapse to change as a result of EXPERIENCE
Answer
  • Theory of equipotentialality
  • synaptic plasticity
  • Long-term potentiation (LTP)
  • Long-term Depression (LTD)

Question 81

Question
This effect, in which SYNAPTIC TRANSMISSION becomes MORE effective as a result of recent activity
Answer
  • Theory of equipotentiality
  • synaptic plasticity
  • long-term potentiation (LTP)
  • long-term depression (LTD)
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