Part 6 US History EOC


Part 6 US History EOC
Quiz by april.robinson.s, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by april.robinson.s over 7 years ago

Resource summary

Question 1

In 1957, the Eisenhower Doctrine expanded the principles of the Truman Doctrine by extending Middle East military assistance in order to
  • offset communist influence in the region
  • combat anti-American terrorist threats
  • force the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) to end its oil embargo
  • defend Israel against Arab invasions

Question 2

“. . . Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe to assure the survival and the success of liberty. . . .” — President John F. Kennedy, Inaugural Address, 1961 This statement by President Kennedy suggests a continued commitment to the foreign policy of
  • isolationism
  • appeasement
  • containment
  • imperialism

Question 3

President John F. Kennedy supported the 1961 Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba as an effort to
  • remove a communist dictator from power
  • stop the flow of illegal drugs to the United States
  • support Fidel Castro’s efforts for reform
  • rescue hostages held by Cuban freedom fighters

Question 4

he Cuban missile crisis (1962) influenced President John F. Kennedy’s decision to
  • negotiate the limited Nuclear Test Ban Treaty with the Soviet Union
  • reduce the nation’s commitment to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
  • forbid Americans to trade with and travel to Latin America
  • send Peace Corps volunteers to aid developing countries

Question 5

Base your answer to the question on the cartoon to the left and on your knowledge of social studies. What is the main idea of this 1945 cartoon?
  • The world community needs to stop the spread of nuclear weapons.
  • Korea’s development of atomic bombs has threatened world peace.
  • The Treaty of Versailles was successful in preventing World War II.
  • Germany should be criticized for using atomic bombs.

Question 6

“The Parties to this Treaty reaffirm their faith in the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations and their desire to live in peace with all peoples and all governments. “They are determined to safeguard the freedom, common heritage and civilization of their peoples, founded on the principles of democracy, individual liberty and the rule of law. . . .” — Preamble to the North Atlantic Treaty, 1949 This statement shows the commitment of the United States to the principle of
  • colonialism
  • neutrality
  • militarism
  • collective security

Question 7

McCarthyism in the early 1950s resulted from
  • new commitments to civil rights for African Americans
  • opposition to the Marshall Plan
  • charges that Communists had infiltrated the United States government
  • increase public support for labor unions

Question 8

Base your answer to the question on the photograph to the left and on your knowledge of social studies. The protestors in the photograph are expressing their hatred for
  • fascists
  • communists
  • immigrants
  • police officers

Question 9

During the early 1950s, the tactics of Senator Joseph McCarthy were criticized because he
  • violated important constitutional liberties
  • displayed racial prejudice in his questions
  • opposed the use of loyalty oaths
  • ignored evidence of Soviet spying

Question 10

Base your answer to the question on the photograph to the left and on your knowledge of social studies. What does this photograph indicate about the United States in the 1950s?
  • Extraordinary steps were taken to hide atomic weapons.
  • The nation had become the only nuclear superpower.
  • Much fear was created by the Cold War.
  • Only government officials would be safe in a nuclear attack.

Question 11

President Richard Nixon supported the policy of détente as a way to
  • reduce tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union
  • introduce democratic elections to communist nations
  • encourage satellite nations to break their ties with the Soviet Union
  • undermine Soviet influence among nonaligned countries in Africa and Asia

Question 12

“I think it will be a safer world and a better world if we have a strong, healthy United States, Europe, Soviet Union, China, Japan, each balancing the other, not playing one against the other, an even balance.” — Richard Nixon, 1972 President Nixon put this idea into practice by
  • expanding economic relations with communist nations
  • abandoning his policy of détente
  • declaring an end to the Korean War
  • ending collective security agreements

Question 13

The experiences of African Americans serving in the military forces during World War II influenced their postwar decision to
  • renew support for the principle of separate but equal
  • join the armed forces in record numbers
  • increase efforts to end racial discrimination
  • move back to the rural south

Question 14

In 1948, President Harry Truman showed his support for civil rights by issuing an executive order to
  • end the immigration quota system
  • assure equal status for women in military service
  • ban racial segregation in the military
  • guarantee jobs for Native American Indians

Question 15

“We conclude that in the field of public education, the doctrine of ‘separate but equal’ has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal. . . .” — Chief Justice Earl Warren, Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka This quotation illustrates the Supreme Court’s power to
  • uphold previous decisions
  • overrule state laws
  • check the powers of the executive branch
  • provide for educational funding

Question 16

In 1957, President Dwight D. Eisenhower sent federal troops to Little Rock, Arkansas, to
  • protect civil rights marchers
  • help African Americans register to vote
  • enforce a Supreme Court decision to desegregate public schools
  • end race riots resulting from a bus boycott

Question 17

Which strategy did African-American students use when they refused to leave a “whites only” lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina, in 1960?
  • economic boycott
  • hunger strike
  • petition drive
  • civil disobedience

Question 18

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was passed in an effort to correct
  • racial and gender discrimination
  • limitations on freedom of speech
  • unfair immigration quotas
  • segregation in the armed forces

Question 19

During the civil rights movement of the 1960s, activities of the Congress of Racial Equality, the National Urban League, and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) illustrated that
  • all civil rights groups use the same tactics
  • different approaches can be used to achieve a common goal
  • organizational differences usually lead to failure
  • violence is the best tool for achieving social change

Question 20

Base your answer to the question on excerpts from the song lyrics below and on your knowledge of social studies. Lyric: . . . Father, father We don’t need to escalate You see, war is not the answer For only love can conquer hate You know we’ve got to find a way To bring some lovin’ here today. . . — “What’s Going On,” Al Cleveland, Marvin Gaye, Renaldo Benson, 1971 Which conclusion is most clearly supported by an examination of these song lyrics?
  • In the 1960s and early 1970s, Americans shared common views on foreign policy.
  • Social conflict existed over war and civil rights in the 1960s and early 1970s.
  • The music of the 1960s and early 1970s supported government policies.
  • Most songwriters of the 1960s and early 1970s used their music to advocate violent revolution.

Question 21

The Feminine Mystique by Betty Friedan was an influential book in the 1960s because it
  • helped strengthen family values
  • led directly to the defeat of the Equal Rights Amendment
  • energized a new women’s rights movement
  • reinforced the importance of women’s traditional roles

Question 22

One similarity between the actions of Samuel Gompers and Cesar Chavez is that both leaders
  • organized workers for better conditions
  • relied on the use of force to gain minority rights
  • advocated federal regulation of railroad rates
  • worked to improve consumer product safety

Question 23

Rachel Carson and Ralph Nader are similar to the muckrakers of the Progressive Era because they have
  • advocated a total change in the structure of government
  • attempted to expose societal problems
  • failed to influence public opinion
  • supported anti-American activities

Question 24

The Jungle by Upton Sinclair and Unsafe at Any Speed by Ralph Nader were both intended to
  • publicize the growing violence in American society
  • suggest that a poor person could get rich with hard work
  • encourage immigration reform
  • make the public aware of the poor quality of certain products

Question 25

United States involvement in the Vietnam War was based in part on a desire to
  • prevent renewed Japanese expansionism in the Pacific
  • assure access to an adequate supply of oil from the Middle East
  • contain communism in Southeast Asia
  • protect American business interests in China

Question 26

In the 1950s, the domino theory was used by President Dwight D. Eisenhower to justify
  • sending federal troops into Little Rock, Arkansas
  • United States involvement in Vietnam
  • joining the United Nations
  • opposing Britain and France in the Suez Canal crisis

Question 27

“I believe that our young people [18–20 years old] possess a great social conscience, are perplexed by the injustices which exist in the world and are anxious to rectify [correct] these ills.” — Senator Jennings Randolph, 1971, The New York Times Those who favor this point of view would likely have supported
  • a constitutional amendment extending voting rights
  • a presidential decision to raise speed limits
  • a Supreme Court ruling to reverse desegregation
  • a law passed by Congress to increase Social Security benefits

Question 28

The war in Vietnam led Congress to pass the War Powers Act of 1973 in order to
  • affirm United States support for the United Nations
  • strengthen the policy of détente
  • increase United States participation in international peacekeeping operations
  • assert the role of Congress in the commitment of troops overseas

Question 29

Base your answer to the question on the cartoon to the left and on your knowledge of social studies. Which event of the 1950s most likely led to the publication of this cartoon?
  • Russia put cosmonauts on the Moon.
  • The Soviet Union launched the Sputnik satellite.
  • The United States was defeated in the Vietnam War.
  • American students scored low on tests in math and science.

Question 30

The immediate impact of the 1957 launch of Sputnik I was that it
  • forced the United States to find new sources of fuel
  • focused attention on the need to regulate the uses of outer space
  • heightened the space race as a form of Cold War competition
  • ended the period of peaceful coexistence between the United States and the Soviet Union

Question 31

“. . . We choose to go to the moon. We choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard, because that goal will serve to organize and measure the best of our energies and skills, because that challenge is one that we are willing to accept, one we are unwilling to postpone, and one which we intend to win, and the others, too. . . .” — President John F. Kennedy, speech at Rice University, September 12, 1962 The main purpose of this speech was to win public support for
  • establishing a missile defense system on the Moon
  • cooperating with communist countries in exploring space
  • surpassing the Soviet Union in the space race
  • controlling the spread of nuclear weapons

Question 32

“. . . My fellow citizens of the world: ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man. . . .” — John F. Kennedy, Inaugural Address, 1961 To implement the idea expressed in this statement, President Kennedy supported the
  • creation of the Marshall Plan
  • formation of the Peace Corps
  • removal of United States troops from Korea
  • establishment of the South East Asia Treaty Organization

Question 33

A major goal of President Lyndon Johnson’s Great Society program was to
  • control economic inflation
  • end poverty in the United States
  • repeal several New Deal social programs
  • return responsibility for welfare programs to the states

Question 34

In 1965, Congress established Medicare to
  • provide health care to the elderly
  • assist foreign nations with their health problems
  • grant scholarships to medical students
  • establish universal health care

Question 35

Which statement best describes an impact of the Watergate scandal on American society?
  • The modern environmental movement began.
  • Public trust in government declined.
  • Voter turnout in elections increased.
  • An economic recession ended.

Question 36

The Supreme Court decisions in New York Times Co. v. United States (1971) and United States v. Nixon (1974) reinforced the principle that the president of the United States
  • has unlimited use of the veto power
  • is protected from unfair media criticism
  • may not be convicted of a crime
  • is not above the law

Question 37

The beginning of the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe is most closely associated with the
  • fall of the Berlin Wall
  • admission of Warsaw Pact nations to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
  • intervention of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in Yugoslavia
  • formation of the European Union

Question 38

Base your answer to the question on the chart to the left and on your knowledge of social studies. The changes shown on the chart most clearly reflect the
  • effects of the Cold War
  • influence of the business cycle
  • failure of United States military policy
  • reverses in political party control of Congress
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