B7 Quiz - The Skeleton, Movement and Exercise


GCSE Biology (B7 - Further Biology) Quiz on B7 Quiz - The Skeleton, Movement and Exercise, created by Leah Firmstone on 14/01/2016.
Leah Firmstone
Quiz by Leah Firmstone, updated more than 1 year ago
Leah Firmstone
Created by Leah Firmstone almost 8 years ago

Resource summary

Question 1

Label the skeleton with the correct bones.
  • Cranium
  • Rib
  • Vertebrae
  • Ulna
  • Radius
  • Pelvis
  • Femur
  • Patella
  • Tibia
  • Fibula

Question 2

What are the functions of our skeleton?
  • Protection of organs
  • Production of blood
  • Movement
  • Transportation of blood
  • Regulation of body reactions

Question 3

Haematopoiesis is the name given to the production of blood cells.
  • True
  • False

Question 4

The skeleton is made up of bone [blank_start]tissues[blank_end] and cartilage - these consist of [blank_start]living[blank_end] cells. [blank_start]Blood[blank_end] brings nutrients and oxygen to these cells like any other. Bone is continually [blank_start]broken down[blank_end] and rebuilt. [blank_start]Weight[blank_end]-bearing exercises [blank_start]stimulate[blank_end] bone growth, whilst inactivity makes [blank_start]bone[blank_end] weak and less [blank_start]dense[blank_end].
  • tissues
  • living
  • Blood
  • broken down
  • Weight
  • stimulate
  • bone
  • dense

Question 5

Bone is tissue that can contract and relax to cause movement.
  • True
  • False

Question 6

Ligaments are...
  • strong, fibrous, elastic connective tissues that connect bones to each other in a joint.
  • strong, fibrous, flexible connective tissue that joins muscles to bone.

Question 7

When muscles contract, they get [blank_start]shorter[blank_end]. Muscles are attached to bones by [blank_start]tendons[blank_end], so when the muscle contracts, it [blank_start]pulls[blank_end] on the bone and so enabling movement [blank_start]of[blank_end] the bone is part of a joint. Muscles can only cause bones to move by [blank_start]contracting[blank_end]. This means that a muscle can only move a bone in one [blank_start]direction[blank_end] so muscles work in [blank_start]antagonistic[blank_end] pairs - one muscle contracts while the other [blank_start]relaxes[blank_end]. To move in the [blank_start]opposite[blank_end] way, the relaxed muscle contracts while the contracted muscle relaxes.
  • shorter
  • tendons
  • pulls
  • if
  • contracting
  • direction
  • antagonistic
  • relaxes
  • opposite

Question 8

Label the diagram of a joint, and match the part of the joint to its definition.
  • Cartilage
  • Synovial Fluid (diagram)
  • Synovial Fluid
  • Tendons
  • Tendon
  • Ligament

Question 9

What is arthritis?
  • When core body temperature falls too low.
  • When cartilage wears down at the ends of bones in a joint grind together when it is moved.
  • A separation of two bones where they meet at a joint.

Question 10

Which joints only allow backwards and forwards movement?
  • Hinge joints
  • Ball and socket joints
  • Fixed joints
  • Pivot joints

Question 11

What type of joint allows bones to rotate around each other by 360 degrees?
  • Ball and socket joint
  • Pivot joint
  • Hinge joint
  • Fixed joint

Question 12

A fixed joint is held together by rough fibres, and they are several bones fused together to form a rigid structure.
  • True
  • False

Question 13

Before starting a new exercise programme, it is important to find out the following things: Current symptoms - eg pain in left knee may indicate an existing [blank_start]injury[blank_end]. Current medication - eg using an inhaler for asthma may suggest that gentle [blank_start]exercise[blank_end] will be better than strenuous exercise. Alcohol and tobacco consumption - which may affect the cardiovascular and respiratory [blank_start]systems[blank_end]. Level of current physical [blank_start]activity[blank_end] - to prevent over-exertion which may cause injury. Family [blank_start]medical[blank_end] history - eg if a close family member died of a heart attack then care should be taken before strenuous exercise is recommended. Previous treatments - eg surgery after a dislocated shoulder may [blank_start]limit[blank_end] the range of movement. All treatments and exercise programmes carry some [blank_start]risk[blank_end]. For example, lifting weights in the gym can damage your back and doing a lot of running can damage your knees and other [blank_start]joints[blank_end]. It is up to the individual and the healthcare professional to [blank_start]balance[blank_end] these risks against the benefits of the treatment or exercise programme and decide what to do.
  • injury
  • exercise
  • systems
  • activity
  • medical
  • limit
  • risk
  • joints
  • balance

Question 14

BMI = weight (kg) / [height (m)]^2 BMI can be use to tell you the proportion of your weight and height, and to categorise people.
  • True
  • False

Question 15

In order to know whether a new [blank_start]training[blank_end] programme has made a positive impact on fitness, it is important to [blank_start]record[blank_end] measurements regularly. These measurements could include: the type and duration of exercise done on different days over a [blank_start]period[blank_end] of time a food [blank_start]diary[blank_end] so that nutrition can also be evaluated [blank_start]resting[blank_end] heart rate blood [blank_start]pressure[blank_end] breathing [blank_start]rate[blank_end] duration of [blank_start]recovery[blank_end] period after completing a particular exercise or workout BMI [blank_start]percentage[blank_end] body fat weight [blank_start]lost[blank_end] or gained Recording more than one type of measurement is important because some measurements of fitness may show an [blank_start]improvement[blank_end], but others may not. It is important to consider the [blank_start]accuracy[blank_end] of each type of measurement of fitness, and whether it can be repeated under the same [blank_start]conditions[blank_end], in order to evaluate its reliability. For example, if blood pressure was being monitored a [blank_start]misleading[blank_end] figure could be attained. Values should be obtained using a [blank_start]specific[blank_end] method - such as sitting down with the arm at chest height - to ensure repeatability was accurate. If this method was not followed then the result would not be [blank_start]reliable[blank_end]. Values could also be altered if the person was stressed. Another example would be monitoring your BMI. This value could vary on an [blank_start]hourly[blank_end] basis depending on your food and fluid intake. To ensure accuracy, the reading should be taken at the same [blank_start]time[blank_end] of day to make results usefully comparable.
  • training
  • record
  • period
  • diary
  • resting
  • pressure
  • rate
  • recovery
  • percentage
  • lost
  • improvement
  • accuracy
  • conditions
  • misleading
  • specific
  • reliable
  • hourly
  • time

Question 16

Which of the following are common sporting injuries?
  • Ankle sprain
  • Damage to ligaments inc. torn ligaments
  • Torn tendons
  • Dislocations
  • Concussions
  • Infections
  • Burns

Question 17

The acronym for treatments for minor sporting injuries is RIDE.
  • True
  • False

Question 18

A physiotherapist is a [blank_start]healthcare[blank_end] professional who [blank_start]specialises[blank_end] in treating people who have skeletal-[blank_start]muscular[blank_end] injuries. Physiotherapists work out programmes of movements and [blank_start]exercises[blank_end] for patients to follow in order to increase their [blank_start]range[blank_end] of movement, [blank_start]flexibility[blank_end] and strength after an injury.
  • flexibility
  • specialises
  • healthcare
  • muscular
  • exercises
  • range

Question 19

Heart rate is measured in beats per [blank_start]minute[blank_end]. Generally speaking, the lower someone’s resting [blank_start]heart[blank_end] rate, the fitter they are. A teenager or adult has a [blank_start]typical[blank_end] resting heart rate of 60-80 beats per minute. Heart rate [blank_start]increases[blank_end] during exercise to transport oxygen and glucose to the muscles and to remove [blank_start]waste[blank_end] products. After exercise, the heart rate begins to return to [blank_start]normal[blank_end] and this is called the recovery period. The [blank_start]shorter[blank_end] the recovery period, the fitter the individual.
  • minute
  • heart
  • typical
  • increases
  • waste
  • normal
  • shorter

Question 20

The heart does not return to its normal rate immediately to ensure that all the carbon dioxide that has built up around the muscle cells is removed.
  • True
  • False
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