Chapter 4: Basics of Behavioral Change and Health Psychology

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Chapter 4: Basics of Behavioral Change and Health Psychology quiz
preethamroymoras
Quiz by preethamroymoras, updated more than 1 year ago
preethamroymoras
Created by preethamroymoras over 8 years ago
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Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Which behavioral theory model is based on a prediction that people engage in a health behavior depending on the perceived threat they feel regarding a health problem?
Answer
  • Transtheoretical model of behavioral change
  • Health belief model
  • Self-efficacy model
  • Stages of change model

Question 2

Question
What is the most influential source of self-efficacy information?
Answer
  • Past performance experience
  • Imaginal experience
  • Vicarious experience
  • Emotional state

Question 3

Question
People with low self-efficacy are more likely to choose non-challenging tasks that are easy to accomplish.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 4

Question
A prospective client tells you that he has been going for 2-mile walks a couple of times each week for the past two months, and that he joined the gym because he is finally ready to adopt a more structured workout regimen. What is this individual’s stage of change?
Answer
  • Contemplation
  • Preparation
  • Action
  • Maintenance

Question 5

Question
Which of the following intervention strategies would be LEAST appropriate when working with someone in the precontemplation stage?
Answer
  • Make inactivity a relevant issue
  • Provide information about the risks of being inactive and the benefits of being active
  • Provide information from multiple sources (e.g., news, posters, pamphlets, and general health-promotion material)
  • Introduce different types of exercise activities to find something the individual enjoys

Question 6

Question
_______________ involves the number of pros and cons perceived about adopting and/or maintaining an activity program.
Answer
  • Processes of change
  • Self-efficacy
  • Operant conditioning
  • Decisional balance

Question 7

Question
Which of the following occurs when a positive stimulus that once followed a behavior is removed and the likelihood that the behavior will reoccur is decreased?
Answer
  • Positive reinforcement
  • Negative reinforcement
  • Extinction
  • Punishment

Question 8

Question
A client leaves a gym bag on the front seat of his car each morning as a reminder to work out on his way home from work. What behavior-change strategy is he using?
Answer
  • Stimulus control
  • Observational learning
  • Shaping
  • Operant conditioning

Question 9

Question
When should behavior contracts and written agreements be revised or updated?
Answer
  • Whenever the client has a relapse into inactivity
  • After the client finishes his final purchased workout
  • Never; they should be permanent documents
  • When goals are met or programs are modified

Question 10

Question
After several months of working with a client, a personal trainer notes that the client’s self-efficacy and ability levels have improved. How should this affect the amount of external feedback the trainer provides to the client?
Answer
  • The trainer should increase the amount of external feedback
  • The amount of feedback should not change
  • The trainer should taper the amount of external feedback
  • The trainer should immediately stop providing external feedback
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