One child policy, China- Population Control Case Study


AQA GCSE Human Geography Population Control Policy China
 a  a
Note by a a, updated more than 1 year ago
 a  a
Created by a a over 9 years ago

Resource summary

Page 1

One child policy, China- Management of rapid population growth   The original policy ·         It was first introduced in 1979 ·         Must not marry until late 20’s ·         Can only have one child ·         Must be sterilised after the first child, or abort all future pregnancies ·         10% salary increase for only having one child ·         Priority housing, pensions and family benefits for those with 1 child Penalties for not following the rules ·         Large fine (that would bankrupt many families) ·         10% salary cut ·         Have to pay for education and healthcare ·         Second child born abroad would not be allowed to become citizens of China Changes in the 1990’s ·         Parents with no brothers/ sisters can have more than one child- families were worried about their name dying out, also there needs to be enough young people to look after aging population ·         People living in rural areas can have more than 1 child- they are needed to help on farms etc ·         Ethnic minorities can have more than 1 child, minorities make up a very small amount of China’s population, so it wouldn’t make a big difference ·         Couples don’t need permission to have a first child ·         Following Sichuan earthquake the rules were relaxed to help the population recover Benefits of the policy ·         With less time needed to look after kids, women have been able to concentrate on their careers ·         Repeats of famines like in the 1970’s have not happened ·         400 million fewer births have occurred since the policy was enforced Problems with the policy ·         Still 1 million more births than deaths every 5 weeks ·         Increasing imbalance of men/ women as families want boys to pass the name on ·         Some women have been forced to have abortions very late in their pregnancies by ‘granny police’ who monitor young women ·         There has been many young girls killed so that their families can have a boy ·         Children with no siblings get lots of attention, and become known as ‘little emperors’

New Page

Show full summary Hide full summary


Geography Coastal Zones Flashcards
Zakiya Tabassum
GCSE AQA Physics - Unit 3
James Jolliffe
Germany 1918-39
Cam Burke
GCSE AQA Physics 1 Energy & Efficiency
Lilac Potato
P2 Radioactivity and Stars
P2a revision (part 1)
Favela Bairro Project- Squatter Settlement case study Changing urban environments
a a
Economic migrates in the EU (Poland to UK migration)
a a
Alps, Human uses of fold mountains case study
a a
P2a (part 2)
P3 Medical Applications of Physics