Sociology- Key Concepts


All Key Concepts needed for AS Sociology.
Mind Map by Becky Walker, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by Becky Walker over 8 years ago

Resource summary

Sociology- Key Concepts
  1. Bourgeoisie- Marxist term for the capitalist class
    1. Compensatory Education- government education policies such as Operation Headstart
      1. Comprehensive system- a non-selective system where all the children attend the same type of secondary school.
        1. Correspondence Principle- Bowles and Gintis concept describing the way that the organisation and control of school, mirrors the workplace in Capitalist society.
          1. Cultural Capital- the knowledge, attitudes, values, language, tastes and abilities that the middle class transmit to their children.
            1. Cultural Deprivation- the theory that many working class and black children are inadequately socialised and therefore lack the 'right' culture needed for educational success.
              1. Culture- all thhose things that are learnt and shared by a society or group of people and transmitted through generations
                1. Curriculum- those things taught or learnt in educational institutions
                  1. Deferred Gratification- postpoing immediate rewards or pleasures, generally with the aim of producing a greater reward at a later date.
                    1. Dependency Culture- where people assume tha the state will support them, rather than relying on their own efforts and taking responsibility for their families.
                      1. Deviance- behaviour that does not conform to the norms of a society or group, it is a social construction.
                        1. Feminism- a sociological perspective and political movement that focuses on
                          1. Legitimation- justifying something by making it seem fair and natural. This is the main function of ideology.
                            1. Longitudinal Study- study of sample of people in which information is collected at regular intervals over an extended period of time
                              1. Marketisation- the policy of introducing market forces
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