Macromolecules

Description

Mind Map on Macromolecules, created by sealescience on 21/10/2014.
sealescience
Mind Map by sealescience, updated more than 1 year ago
sealescience
Created by sealescience over 9 years ago
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Resource summary

Macromolecules
  1. Proteins
    1. amino group, hydrogen, carboxyl group and R variable group around a central carbon
      1. Monomer: amino acid
        1. enzymes speed up chemical reactions, build body structures
          1. Ex: enzymes, beans, meat, fish, egg whites, antibodies
          2. carbohydrates
            1. hydrogen, carbon, oxygen in 1:2:1 ration; forms carbon rings
              1. provides short term energy
                1. Ex: Starch, glucose, bread, rice, vegetables, fruits
                  1. Monomer: Monosaccharide
                  2. Nucleic Acids
                    1. Monomer: Nucleotides
                      1. Polymer is shaped like a helix
                        1. build proteins and pass on hereditary information
                          1. Ex: DNA, RNA
                          2. Lipids
                            1. hydrogen, carbon, oxygen in hydrocarbon chains
                              1. Monomer: Fatty Acids
                                1. Provides long term energy storage and makes up the cell membrane
                                  1. Ex: fats, oils, waxes, phospholipids, steroids, pigments
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