Polymers

Description

Mind Map on Polymers, created by ashthehumangirl on 06/08/2014.
ashthehumangirl
Mind Map by ashthehumangirl, updated more than 1 year ago
ashthehumangirl
Created by ashthehumangirl over 9 years ago
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Resource summary

Polymers
  1. Any substance containing very large molecules, formed when lots of small molecules join together
    1. A substance made of macromolecules
      1. Synthetic
        1. Nylon
          1. Terylene
            1. Lyrca
              1. Plastic
                1. Polysterene
                  1. Perspex
                    1. Polythene
                      1. Polychloroethene(PVC)
                      2. Water-soluble
                        1. Hair gel & shower gel
                      3. Natural
                        1. Starch
                          1. Cellulose
                            1. Proteins
                              1. Keratin
                              2. Production
                                1. Addition Polymerisation
                                  1. Double bonds in molecules break & they add on to each other
                                    1. Monomers must have C=C double bonds
                                    2. Condensation Polymerisation
                                      1. Two different monomers join
                                        1. Each has 2 functional groups that take part in reaction
                                          1. Monomers join at functional group by eliminating small molecules
                                        2. Plastics
                                          1. Insulator
                                            1. Unreactive
                                              1. Strong & light
                                                1. Some non-biodegradeable
                                                2. Macromolecules in Food
                                                  1. Carbohydrates
                                                    1. Monosaccharide
                                                    2. Proteins
                                                      1. Amino Acids
                                                        1. 20 types
                                                      2. Fats
                                                        1. Esters
                                                          1. Formed in condensation reaction
                                                          2. Fibre
                                                            1. Cellulose
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