Biology AQA 3.1.3 Absorption


As Biology, AQA specification 3.1.3 absorption
Flashcards by evie.daines, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by evie.daines almost 10 years ago

Resource summary

Question Answer
Diffusion The passive net movement of molecules from a region of high concentration to low
Active transport The net movement of molecules with the use of ATP (energy) to move molecules from a region of low concentration to high
Carrier protein An intrinsic protein across a plasma membrane stimulated by ATP
Vili and microvilli are used in the absorption of carbohydrates in the small intestine They have: A large surface area good blood supply moist lining close diffusion pathway lots of capillaries
Diffusion in the Villi. 1. Starch is hydrolysed to make glucose so diffusion can occur 2. glucose is a monosaccharide so can be absorbed the blood there is a low concentration of glucose 4. diffusion occurs across the epithelial in the blood
1. NA+ actively transports out of epithelial cell into the blood by na+K+ pump (carrier protein) 2. due to NA+ entering the blood there is now a higher concentration in the lumen compared to epithelial 3. Na+ diffuses into the epithelial down the concentration gradient through a protein carrier 4. Na+ has to couple up with glucose to diffuse in, so glucose also enters the cell 5. glucose goes in the blood by facilitated diffusion
Show full summary Hide full summary


AS Biology Unit 1
AQA Biology 12.1 cellular organisation
Charlotte Hewson
AQA Biology 11.2 mitosis
Charlotte Hewson
AQA Biology 11.1 replication of DNA
Charlotte Hewson
AQA Biology 3.3 Structure of an epithelial cell
Charlotte Hewson
Cell Transport
Elena Cade
Cells And Cell Techniques - Flashcards (AQA AS-Level Biology)
Henry Kitchen
Function and Structure of DNA
Elena Cade
Biological Definitions
AQA AS Biology Unit 2 DNA and Meiosis
AQA AS Biology Unit 2 The Cell cycle