|Simplest algebraic formula of a member of a homologous series (ie) CnH2n+2 for Alkanes (non-cyclic)
|Simplest whole number ratio of atoms present in a compound.
|Actual whole number ratio of atoms present in a compound.
|The minimal detail that shows the arrangement of atoms in a molecule (ie) CH3CH2CH2CH3 for butane
|A formula that shows the relative positioning of ALL atoms and bonds within a structure
|A simplified organic formula, shown by removing hydrogen atoms from carbon chains, leaving just a carbon skeleton and associated functional groups.
|A compound that contains only Carbon and Hydrogen atoms
|Group of atoms in a molecule responsible for the characteristic reactions of a compound
|A series of compounds having the same functional group & general formula but with each successive member differing by CH2
|Molecules with the same molecular formula but with different structural formula
|Compounds with the same structural formula but with a different arrangement of atoms in space.
|An example of stereoisomerism, in terms of restricted rotation about a C=C and the requirement for two different groups to be attached to each carbon atom of the C=C bond
|Cis / trans isomer
|A special case of E/Z isomerism in which two of the substituent groups are the same
|The breaking of a covalent
|The breaking of a covalent bond, with one of the shared pair of electrons going to each atom, forming two radicals.
|The breaking of a covalent bond with both of the shared pair of electrons going to one of the atoms forming ions
|An electron pair acceptor
|An electron pair doner