|KAISER WILHEM II
|Last german empreor. he was abdicated and the country was unsure if it had a future
|THE WEIMAR GOVERNMENT
|was weak and had too many political parties
|ellects the chancellor
|Head of government
|Allowed the president to suspend the democracy and rule with the army's support
|people were unemployed
|the election to vote Hitler in as Chancellor took place
|Hitler voted in as Chancellor. Van Papen felt he could control Hitler
|27TH FEBRUARY 1933
|Fire of Reichstag. Blamed Lube and said he was a communist to make Germans hate communists
Image: lubbe (image/jpg)
|-found on premises at Reichstag fire -confessed to doing it after tourtered by Gestapo - executed January 1934
|THE MARCH ELECTION
|Hitler calls for election on 5th March 1933
|44% VOTES 288 SEATS
|Hitler gets 44% votes - does not have a majority Wins 288 Seats - more seats than communists
|-Where Hitler asks parliament for more power. - Allows hitler take decisions without asking parliament
|444 (PEOPLE) 94 (PEOPLE)
|444 people voted for the Enabling Act to pass 94 Voted against
|Leader of SA - Disagreed with Nazi actions -Wanted SA to merge with the army
|THE NIGHT OF LONG KNIVES HOW MANY OPPONENTS KILLED?
|'operation hummingbird' Hitler killed 400 oponenets
|2 MILLION MEMBERS
|SA had 2 million loyal members to Rohm that opposed Hitler
|30TH JUNE 1934
|The main leaders of the SA were shot
|2ND AUGUST 1934
|President Hindenburg Dies
|WHAT DID HIMMLER DO?
|- 1929 got rid of SS - set up death camps
|SS - 50 000
|BY 1934 there was 50 000 members of the SS
|SS- 800 000
|BY July 1944 there were 800 000 members of the SS
|1933 - GESTAPO
|Set up in 1933 BY 1939 - it was the most powerful weapon in controlling Germans
|WHAT IS CENSORSHIP?
|When the government stop publication of any material they don't believe in
|WHAT WAS CENSORED?
|art, jazz/music books that don't follow Nazi rule- burned and banned
|WHAT IS PROPAGANDA?
|true/false information given to make people think or behave in a certain way
|Minister of propaganda
|Types of Propaganda
|radios- broadcasts cinemas posters rally's at Nuremburg
|HOW MANY LOST JOBS BETWEEN 1933-1988?
|8000 people lost jobs
|in charge of money/economy
|1934- NEW PLAN
|Where Schacht doesn't want imports coming into Germany so germany would be richer
|A fighter pilot put in replacement of Hjalmar Schacht
|HOW MANY ARMY MEMBERS WERE THERE FROM 1933-1939?
|ARMY GREW FROM 100 000 IN 1933 TO 1.4 MILLION IN 1939
|HOW MUCH WAS SPENT ON MILITARY IN 1938?
|6 BILLION SPENT ON MILITARY
|HOW MANY UNEMPLOYED IN 1933?
|6 million unemployed 25.9% workforce rate
|HOW MANY UNEMPLOYED IN 1939?
|302 000 unemployed 0.5% workforce rate
|HOW LONG WAS THE AUTOBAHMEN?
|WHO WAS KICKED OUT OF THEIR JOBS
|Women and Jews
|FOUR YEAR PLAN
|started in 1936 Germany moving towards self sufficency
|Blonde hair Blue eyes
|1938 - 8 MILLION
|8 Million young germans belonged to youth groups
|Children were monitered in Hitler Youths
|make someone do/believe what you want them to do/believe
|WHAT WERE WOMEN EXPECTED TO DO?
|be married at a young age because it is 'proper German'
|WOMNE- 1000 MARKS
|1000 marks= 9 month loan 1 child = 25% loan paid off 4 children = loan paid off
|- not expected to work - Hitler saw no reason for them to work - were sacked
|HOW MANY FEMALE TEACHERS, DOCTORS AND MUSICIANS WERE THERE?
|1000 female teachers 3000 female doctors 13 000 female musicians most sacked
|- no make up, dyed hair, perms - wear trousers and flats - discouraged from slimming - smoking = 'non german'
|building where selected unmarried women can go and get pregnant by a SS man - openly publicised
|awarded to women who gave birth to largest number of children 8 = gold cross 6 = silver cross 4 = bronze cross
|ANTI SEMITISM / ANTI SEMETIC
|perfect Aryan head of Gestapo starts to holocaust assassinated by british agent
|WHAT COULD JEWS AND NON JEW CHILDREN NOT DO? WHEN?
|boycott of jewish shops jewish & non-jewish children cant play together 1933 (DISCRIMINATION)
|WHAT COULD JEWS AND NON JEWS NOT DO? WHEN?
|jewish & non jewish cant marry or have sex 1935 (DISCRIMINATION)
|WHAT WERE JEWS NOT ALLOWED? WHEN?
|jews cannot publicise their work not allowed radios, bicycles, typewriters (DISCRIMINATION 1935-1936)
|WHAT WERE JEWS BANNED FROM DOING? WHEN?
|doctors banned from germans banned from cinema cant go school (1938 DISCRIMINATION)
|WHEN WAS KRISTALLNACHT?
|WHAT WERE JEWS ENCOURAGED TO DO? WHEN?
|Encouraged to emigrate 1939
|30 000 JEWS 2500 JEWS WHEN?
|30 000 JEWS SENT TO CAMPS 2500 DIED 1939
|WHAT IS THE FINAL SOLUTION WHEN WAS IT?
|the plan to exterminate Jews in January 1942
|HOW MANY JEWS APPROX KILLED IN 1942?
|Approx 6 million jews killed by the Nazi's
|WHY DID KRISTALLNACHT START?
|A teenager killed a diplomat because he was frustrated that his family was kicked out of Germany.
|HOW MANY JEWS WERE KILLED DURING KRISTALLNACHT
|91 Jews killed.
|of jews took up germanys population
|ONE PARTY STATE
|When only one group of people have all the power
|synagogues were destroyed
|synagogoues were attacked
|there was higher income tax for jews
|30 000 jewish men 2500 men
|were inmprisoned most was released but 2500 died
|HITLER SIGNED THE CONCORDAT
|(an agreement) where pope allows the catholic to worship their religion freely
|WHAT WERE PROTESTANTS ALLOWING?
|allowed nazi flag in churches less harsh
|WHO IS LUDWIG MULLER?
|The reich bishop of Germany
|WHO IS MATRIN NIEMOLLER?
|A famous pastor who spoke against Hitler
|PASTORS EMERGENCY LEAGUE (PEL)
|people against to Nazi Action 1933
|WHERE AND WHEN WAS NIEMOLLER SENT?
|Ninemoller was sent to concentration camp IN 1937 and PEL was banned
|people who work in churches
|DID GERMANS BENEFIT?
|MOST Germans benefited from Nazi's
|HOW MANY GYPSIES SENT TO CAMP?
|500 000 gypsies sent to camps and killed
|TRAMPS AND BEGGARS
|Forced to work arrested
|WHO HAD FORCED STERILISATION?
|Those with depession, blindless, eplilepsy, deafness, physically disabled
|WHAT WERE PHYSICAL AND MENTAL HANDICAPPED SEEN AS?
|handicapped were seen as threats
|HOW MANY STERILISATIONS?
|200 000 STERILISATIONS BY 1937
|for seriously handicapped
|STRENGTH THROUGH JOY DAF
|provided activities to keep german people happy
|WHAT ACTIVITIES DID DAF PROVIDE?
|weekend trip and cruises concerts and theatres events- sports
|HOW MUCH DID THE AVERAGE WAGE RISE BY?
|wages & working day increased managers average wage rose by 70%
|WHY DID HITLER THINK YOUNG PEOPLE WERE IMPORTANT
|Because they were easy targets and gullible
|HOW MANY YOUNG GERMANS BELONGED TO YOUTH GROUPS BY 1938?
|8 million young germans
|HOW WAS THE HITLER YOUTH CONTROLLED
|Hitler youth was controlled through indoctrination, beating and a performance book.
|WHAT SYMBOL DID THE EDELWEISS PIRATES USE
|They used a flower symbol to represent their opposition towards Hitler/Nazi's
|WHAT DID THE EDELWEISS PIRATES DO TO BE SUCCESSFUL
|-made escapes of concentration camps -sheltered army deserters -attacked military targets & Nazi oficials
|WHO WERE THE SWING YOUTH?
|Middle class youths who wanted to dance and listen to music
|WHAT DID THE WHITE ROSE GROUP DO?
|They made 6 different anti-Nazi leaflets and smuggled out of Germany
|WHAT IS THE STAUFFENBURG PLOT?
|An attempt by an officer to kill Hitler and end WW2.
|HOW MANY PEOPLE DIED BECAUSE OF THE STAUFFENBURG PLOT
|5000 People died/killed.
|He is the new leader of Germany and tried to restore order & stability.