Music Therapy - CBMT practice exam #2

Description

~ For practice / study only ~
Jessica H.
Quiz by Jessica H., updated more than 1 year ago
Jessica H.
Created by Jessica H. almost 7 years ago
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Resource summary

Question 1

Question
A music therapist is working with several clients who are learning to play a variety of guitars. They have advanced in their skills and are ready for group performance. When performing together, one member becomes very excited and begins to play louder than the others. He does not respond to the therapist’s cues to play softer. To achieve musical balance within this group, which of the following guitars should the therapist ask this client to play?
Answer
  • three-quarter size
  • 12-string
  • classical
  • steel string

Question 2

Question
A music therapist has been hired by a facility to establish a new music therapy program. Which of the following would be the MOST effective way to seek referrals?
Answer
  • Send a memo to each unit explaining music therapy and requesting referrals.
  • Meet with each treatment team manager and request referrals.
  • Send flyers to each unit advertising music therapy services.
  • Conduct a music therapy in-service for the facility staff and encourage referrals.

Question 3

Question
A music therapist is arranging the music therapy setting prior to conducting a reminiscence group for 4 clients diagnosed with late-state dementia. To facilitate the clients’ therapeutic involvement, which of the following is the BEST arrangement for the chairs?
Answer
  • a semicircle with the therapist facing the group
  • a straight line with the therapist facing the group
  • a circle with the therapist sitting between the clients
  • a circle with the therapist sitting in the middle of the circle

Question 4

Question
A music therapist on a rehabilitation unit is assessing a new patient who has paraplegia to determine the patient’s musical background and preferences. Which of the following is the BEST method for the therapist to use?
Answer
  • patient improvisation
  • chart review
  • patient interview
  • family interview

Question 5

Question
Maintenance of Board certification requires adherence to the CBMT’s
Answer
  • Code of Professional Practice.
  • Standards of Best Practice.
  • Code of Clinical Competence
  • Standards of Musical Competence.

Question 6

Question
A 52-year-old woman hospitalized for ovarian cancer requests music therapy to help her relax and sleep. During the initial session conducted at bedtime, the patient shares her fears and life story before the use of any music intervention. After validating the patient’s feelings, the BEST direction for the music therapist to take is to
Answer
  • Discuss favorite songs important to the patient's life.
  • Improvise soft guitar music to help the patients go to sleep.
  • Compose a song with lyrics reflecting the patient's disclosure.
  • Close the session and bring the patient's favorite music to follow-up visits.

Question 7

Question
At the beginning of a session, a client is asked to choose an instrument and play along. The music therapist improvises a chant about a client’s instrument choice, the view from the therapy room window, and the fact that they are together for music time. The therapist is MOST likely addressing which of the following objectives?
Answer
  • improving orientation to the environment
  • enhancing decision-making skills
  • increasing the client's self-esteem
  • providing opportunities for musical self-expression

Question 8

Question
A music therapist is working with a group of at-risk teenagers. One member of the group suddenly becomes more engaging, brings a few possessions as gifts to other in the group, and writes song lyrics about “finding the answer.” These behaviors MOST likely indicate
Answer
  • Therapeutic progress.
  • Suicide risk.
  • Boundary crossing
  • Social engagement

Question 9

Question
A music therapist in a hospice setting is supervising a music therapy intern who is halfway through the internship. The intern has had 2 visits with his first patient with ALS. The patient is declining quickly and can no longer speak or swallow. The intern appears increasingly distraught and has begun creating excuses to avoid returning to this patient. The supervisor has learned the intern’s father was recently diagnosed with ALS. The supervisor should
Answer
  • reassign the patient to another therapist
  • offer support and guidance
  • encourage the intern to share his personal experience with the patient
  • refer the intern to the local ALS chapter

Question 10

Question
In a standard 12-bar blues form, the chord in the ninth measure is the
Answer
  • tonic
  • subdominant
  • submediant
  • dominant

Question 11

Question
Which of the following is part of a behavioral objective?
Answer
  • time frame
  • staff approach
  • assessment results
  • theoretical framework

Question 12

Question
The comprehensive term for observing, coaching, processing, and evaluating skills of a music therapist is called
Answer
  • administration
  • intervention
  • reflection
  • supervision

Question 13

Question
A young, adult client with a mild mental impairment calls the music therapist’s home to explain her absence from several group sessions. The client sates she has had leg surgery and also lost her stepfather to a sudden illness. How should the therapist BEST respond to her call?
Answer
  • Acknowledge the client’s feelings and suggest they talk at the next schedule session
  • Determine if there is an immediate need and suggest she make an appointment with a counselor.
  • Briefly acknowledge the client’s concerns and direct the conversation to a lighter subject.
  • Allow the client to express her feelings, offer her verbal support, and explore how she is coping.

Question 14

Question
Which of the following group music experiences would BEST develop a client’s social skills?
Answer
  • Keyboard lessons
  • Music video production
  • Music-assisted relaxation
  • Computer-generate composition

Question 15

Question
When the music therapist is consulting with a client’s family or significant others in the treatment planning process, it is appropriate to do all of the following EXCEPT
Answer
  • Inquire about the client’s musical preferences.
  • Share information about leisure resources available.
  • Share histories of other clients for comparative studies.
  • Inquire about the family’s involvement upon discharge

Question 16

Question
A 13-year-old client with autism is brought to his initial music therapy session his record, he shows tactile defensiveness and has limited verbal ability. On entering the room, he walks around its perimeter looking at his hand as he runs it along the wall. In the room there is a piano, a drum, and a xylophone. Which of the following is the BEST initial approach to working with this client?
Answer
  • Take him by the hand and lead him to the instruments.
  • Verbally welcome him and invited him to the piano.
  • Observe and musically reflect his responses to the environment.
  • Ignore his behavior and begin playing march music on the piano.

Question 17

Question
In a residential facility, which of the following is the MOST reliable method for determining whether a client's progress has generalized outside of music therapy session?
Answer
  • Analyze target behaviors of the client outside of the music therapy setting.
  • Consult with direct care workers who are in contact with the client in the residential setting.
  • Consult progress notes written by other members of the client's multidisciplinary team.
  • Evaluate whether the client's behavior outside of music therapy is appropriate to the context of the residential setting

Question 18

Question
A client who only knows guitar chords in the first position wants to learn a song with the tablature for the following chords: E, B7, A, c#, f#. Which of the following transpositions BEST ensures successful playing of the song?
Answer
  • F, C7, Bb, d, g
  • D, A7, G, b, e
  • A, E7, D, f#, b
  • G, D7, C, e, a

Question 19

Question
In a music therapy session, which of the following behaviors is a clear example of denial by a client with chemical dependency?
Answer
  • The client states that he hates music and refuses to participate in the therapy session.
  • The client believes he cannot change and refuses to risk playing a new instrument.
  • The client will listen only to hard rock and tries to prevent others from listening to their choices.
  • The client identifies with drug-related songs, but only due to the musical style, not the lyrics.

Question 20

Question
Which of the following music experiences BEST promotes spatial awareness for a group of adults with developmental disabilities?
Answer
  • moving freely to client-preferred music
  • facilitating movement through live music
  • rehearsing a choreographed dance sequence
  • participating in an action song
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