Unit 1 Chapter 1 Items


Chapter 1 Exam Items
Gene G. Dydasco
Quiz by Gene G. Dydasco, updated more than 1 year ago
Gene G. Dydasco
Created by Gene G. Dydasco over 7 years ago

Resource summary

Question 1

Which of the following statements about youth participation in the U.S. is TRUE?
  • More than one-half of Americans under the age of 30 say that they rarely follow politics.
  • Young people today score better on political knowledge tests than did young people in the early 1970s.
  • Younger Americans are more likely to vote than are older Americans.
  • Young people score higher on political knowledge surveys than do older Americans.
  • All of these are true.

Question 2

According to Michael DelliCarpini and Scott Keeter, all of the following are strong reasons for staying informed about political affairs EXCEPT
  • helping citizens identify policies that will benefit them.
  • fostering civic virtue.
  • easing the burden placed on journalists and media organizations charged with educating the public.
  • helping citizens incorporate policy information into their voting behavior.
  • promoting active participation in politics.

Question 3

Which of the following best describes a linkage institution?
  • A channel through which people’s concerns become a political agenda
  • A location to express a political opinion
  • Formation of a special interest group
  • An environment where one learns about the political process
  • A gathering of people to represent a public opinion

Question 4

The theory that argues that group competition results in a rough approximation of the public interest in public policy is
  • hyperpluralist theory.
  • balance-of-power theory.
  • elite-and-class theory.
  • pluralist theory.
  • bureaucratic theory.

Question 5

Which of the following is TRUE of voter turnout in the United States?
  • The youth vote in 2008 erased the age gap in voter turnout between young Americans and older Americans.
  • The youth surge in the 2008 election was due in large part to increased turnout among minorities; for the first time ever, young African Americans had a higher turnout rate than did young whites.
  • Turnout rates for the young have generally been going up, while turnout among people over 65 years of age has generally been going down since 1972.
  • Young adults age 18–29 report higher levels of interest in keeping up with politics when compared to older adults.
  • All of these are true.

Question 6

Which of the following statements helps explain the link between youth voter turnout and changes in media communication and technology?
  • The current generation is the first to grow up in a media environment with few shared experiences.
  • The proliferation of television channels makes it easier for young Americans to avoid exposure to politics.
  • Most young Americans have not developed habits of following the news.
  • Young people today have never known a time when most citizens paid attention to major political events.
  • All of these are true.

Question 7

An example of a public good is
  • national defense.
  • a toll road.
  • food stamps.
  • a college education.
  • medical care.

Question 8

The who of politics includes voters, candidates, groups and parties; the what refers to the
  • media organizations that cover voters, candidates, groups, and parties.
  • institutions that respond to voters, candidates, groups, and parties.
  • substance of politics and government—benefits and burdens.
  • procedures through which voters, candidates, groups, and parties get what they want.
  • winners and losers.

Question 9

The media usually focus on the ____ of politics.
  • “who”
  • “what”
  • “when”
  • “how”
  • “why”

Question 10

Which of the following is an example of a linkage institution?
  • Political parties
  • Interest groups
  • Elections
  • The media
  • All of these are examples of linkage institutions.

Question 11

The U.S. troop surge in Afghanistan resulted from a
  • congressional statute.
  • presidential action.
  • court decision.
  • budgetary choice.
  • regulation.

Question 12

What kind of public policy involves the legislative enactment of taxes and expenditures?
  • Congressional statute
  • Presidential action
  • Court decision
  • Budgetary choice
  • Regulation

Question 13

Which of the following statements is TRUE?
  • The authors of the U.S. Constitution were wary of democracy and doubted the ability of ordinary Americans to make informed judgments about what government should do.
  • Most people in most democracies around the world believe that although democracy has its faults, it is the best form of government.
  • Government “by the people” is literally impossible in the U.S.
  • Democracy is a system of selecting policymakers and organizing government so that policy represents and responds to the public’s preferences.
  • All of these are true.

Question 14

The notion that, in politics, the desires of the people should be replicated in government through the choices of elected officials is called
  • minority rights.
  • majority rules.
  • representation.
  • pluralism.
  • political participation.

Question 15

The relationship between groups and the government in hyperpluralist theory is
  • strong government and strong groups.
  • weak groups and strong government.
  • weak groups, strong elites, and weak government.
  • strong groups and weak government.
  • too few groups result in the creation of many governments.

Question 16

Escalating campaign costs pose a challenge to contemporary American democracy because
  • candidates have become dependent on PACs, which represent specific economic interests rather than the American people as a whole.
  • candidates may be more likely to pay attention to PACs because they depend on PAC contributions for reelection.
  • candidates’ reliance on PACs and PAC contributions makes them more likely to get involved in single-issue politics.
  • the influence of PAC money on the electoral process widens the gap between democratic theory and the reality of democracy in America.
  • All of these are true.

Question 17

The diversity of the American people is reflected in a great diversity of interests, which may pose a challenge to democracy to the extent that
  • it leads to lower levels of political participation.
  • it contributes to policy gridlock.
  • interests conflict and, thus, each interest uses its influence to thwart others.
  • it makes it more difficult for government to deliver policies that are responsive to all citizens’ needs and interests.
  • All of these are true.

Question 18

What unites Americans more than anything else according to your textbook?
  • The president
  • Their political culture
  • Participation in elections
  • A belief in group politics
  • Liberal attitudes toward immigration

Question 19

The well-known phrase, “We hold these truths to be self-evident that all men are created equal,” in the Declaration of Independence is a statement of the principle of
  • communism.
  • egalitarianism.
  • individualism.
  • libertarianism.
  • republicanism.

Question 20

Patrick Henry’s exclamation, “Give me liberty or give me death,” was an expression of which element of the American creed?
  • Liberty
  • Egalitarianism
  • Individualism
  • Populism
  • Laissez-faire
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