HIS 201 Module 3 Exam Study Guide

Description

Covers terms, people and events from chapters 7 through 9 in the textbook for HIS 201.
Chloe Peebles
Quiz by Chloe Peebles, updated 4 months ago
Chloe Peebles
Created by Chloe Peebles 4 months ago
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Resource summary

Question 1

Question
What is coverture?
Answer
  • the legal status of married women in the United States, which included complete legal and economic dependence on husbands
  • the releasing if an enslaved person by his or her owner
  • the United States' first constitution

Question 2

Question
What are manumissions?
Answer
  • the releasing of an enslaved person by his or her owner
  • the system that ensures a balance of power among the branches of government
  • Congress commanded little respect and no support from state governments anxious to maintain their power.

Question 3

Question
What is checks and balances?
Answer
  • the system that ensures a balance of power among the branches of government
  • the United States' first constitution
  • having a single house (of legislative government)

Question 4

Question
What is a unicameral legislature?
Answer
  • having a single house (of legislative government)
  • having two separate houses (of legislative government)
  • having multiple different houses (of legislative government)

Question 5

Question
What were the Articles of Confederation?
Answer
  • the United States' first constitution
  • the United States' first passed amendments
  • the first 10 laws of America

Question 6

Question
In order to pass or amend a law, a consensus of how many states was required?
Answer
  • 13
  • 9
  • 50

Question 7

Question
What were the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?
Answer
  • congress commanded little respect and no support from state governments anxious to maintain their power
  • congress demanded an obscene amount of respect in which the colonists were not willing to give
  • the colonists were revolting against the laws

Question 8

Question
What was Shay's rebellion?
Answer
  • an armed uprising in Western Massachusetts and Worcester in response to a debt crisis among the citizenry and in opposition to the state government's increased efforts to collect taxes on both individuals and their trades
  • an armed uprising in South Carolina in response to the laws created by their government in regards to the collection of taxes
  • an armed uprising of the revolutionary war heroes who felt their work was not appreciated nearly as much as it should have been

Question 9

Question
What was the Constitutional Convention?
Answer
  • the gathering that drafted the Constitution of the United States in 1787
  • the meeting of early politicians to conclude on how the laws of the land were to be created
  • the gathering of all the English statesmen to discuss the creation of the Constitution and the laws that would follow its creation

Question 10

Question
Where was the Constitutional Convention held?
Answer
  • Philadelphia
  • Virginia
  • Jamestown

Question 11

Question
What was the original purpose of the constitutional convention?
Answer
  • to amend the Articles of Confederation to form a stronger executive branch of government
  • to create the United States Constitution
  • to amend laws previously passed by the rulers of the colonies

Question 12

Question
What state refused to send delegates to the convention?
Answer
  • Rhode Island
  • Virginia
  • Georgia

Question 13

Question
What was the Connecticut Compromise? (aka the Great Compromise)
Answer
  • Roger Sherman's proposal at the constitutional convention for a bicameral legislature, with the upper house having equal representation for all states and the lower house having proportional representation
  • James Madison's idea that all states should have equal representation regardless of their size
  • the idea proclaimed by the general public that representation within the government should be equal for all groups and not in favor of one over the other

Question 14

Question
What was the three-fifths compromise?
Answer
  • the agreement at the constitutional convention that three out of every five enslaved persons would be counted when determining a state's population for purposes of representation
  • the agreement at the meeting of the statesmen that three of every five enslaved persons shall be counted when determining a states population
  • the agreement at the constitutional convention that three out of every five slaves was to represent a single person when determining a state's population

Question 15

Question
What was the electoral college?
Answer
  • the mechanism by which electors, based on the number of representatives from each state, choose the president
  • the way in which the president was voted for in the 1700s
  • the people chosen from each state to decide for their state who the president would be

Question 16

Question
Who are the federalists?
Answer
  • those who supported the 1787 Constitution and a strong central government; these advocates of the new national government formed the ruling political party in the 1790s
  • advocates of limited government who were troubled by the expansive domestic policies of Washington’s administration and opposed the Federalists
  • military men who were prepared to fight off any attackers of the British republic

Question 17

Question
Who was James Madison?
Answer
  • an American statesman, diplomat, and Founding Father who served as the fourth president of the United States from 1809 to 1817. Popularly acclaimed the "father of the constitution" for his pivotal role in drafting and promoting the constitution of the United States and the Bill of Rights
  • an American Founding Father, military officer, and politician who served as the first president of the United States from 1789 to 1797.
  • an American statesman, attorney, diplomat, writer, and Founding Father who served as the second president of the United States from 1797 to 1801. Before his presidency, he was a leader of the American Revolution that achieved independence from Great Britain.

Question 18

Question
Who was President George Washington?
Answer
  • an American founding father, military officer and politician who served as the first president of the United States from 1789 to 1797
  • an American statesman, diplomat, and Founding Father who served as the fourth president of the United States from 1809 to 1817. He was popularly acclaimed the "Father of the Constitution" for his pivotal role in drafting and promoting the Constitution of the United States and the Bill of Rights.
  • an American statesman, attorney, diplomat, writer, and Founding Father who served as the second president of the United States from 1797 to 1801. Before his presidency, he was a leader of the American Revolution that achieved independence from Great Britain.

Question 19

Question
Who was Washington's first secretary of state?
Answer
  • Thomas Jefferson
  • Alexander Hamilton
  • Henry Knox
  • Edmund Jennings Randolph

Question 20

Question
Who was Washington's first secretary of treasury?
Answer
  • Alexander Hamilton
  • Thomas Jefferson
  • Henry Knox
  • Edmund Jennings Randolph

Question 21

Question
Who was Washington's first secretary of war?
Answer
  • Henry Knox
  • Thomas Jefferson
  • Alexander Hamilton
  • Edmund Jennings Randolph

Question 22

Question
Who was Washington's first attorney general?
Answer
  • Edmund Jennings Randolph
  • Henry Knox
  • Alexander Hamilton
  • Thomas Jefferson

Question 23

Question
What is the Bill of Rights?
Answer
  • the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution, which guarantee individual rights
  • the amendments within the US Constitution
  • a violent tax protest in the United States beginning in 1791 and ending in 1794 during the presidency of George Washington.

Question 24

Question
What is the democratic-republican party?
Answer
  • advocates of limited government who were troubled by the expansive domestic policies of Washington's administration and opposed the Federalists
  • the peaceful transfer of power from the Federalists to the Democratic-Republicans with the election of 1800
  • those who supported the 1787 Constitution and a strong central government; these advocates of the new national government formed the ruling political party in the 1790s

Question 25

Question
What was the citizen genet affair?
Answer
  • the controversy over the French representative who tried to involve the United States in France's war against Great Britain
  • a violent tax protest in the United States beginning in 1791 and ending in 1794 during the presidency of George Washington
  • the French attempt to extract a bribe from the United States during the Quasi-War of 1798–1800

Question 26

Question
What is impressment?
Answer
  • the practice of capturing sailors and forcing them into military service
  • a violent tax protest in the United States beginning in 1791 and ending in 1794 during the presidency of George Washington.
  • the French attempt to extract a bribe from the United States during the Quasi-War of 1798–1800

Question 27

Question
Who was Toussaint L'Ouverture
Answer
  • a Haitian general and the most prominent leader of the Haitian Revolution
  • an American statesman, attorney, diplomat, writer, and Founding Father who served as the second president of the United States from 1797 to 1801. Before his presidency, he was a leader of the American Revolution that achieved independence from Great Britain.
  • a Shawnee chief and warrior who promoted resistance to the expansion of the United States onto Native American lands. A persuasive orator, Tecumseh traveled widely, forming a Native American confederacy and promoting inter tribal unity.

Question 28

Question
What was the whiskey rebellion?
Answer
  • a violent tax protest in the United States beginning in 1791 and ending in 1794 during the presidency of George Washington.
  • the controversy over the French representative who tried to involve the United States in France’s war against Great Britain
  • the French attempt to extract a bribe from the United States during the Quasi-War of 1798–1800

Question 29

Question
Who was president John Adams?
Answer
  • an American statesman, attorney, diplomat, writer, and Founding Father who served as the second president of the United States from 1797 to 1801. Before his presidency, he was a leader of the American Revolution that achieved independence from Great Britain.
  • an American Founding Father, military officer, and politician who served as the first president of the United States from 1789 to 1797
  • an American lawyer, author, and poet from Frederick, Maryland, best known as the author of the text of the American national anthem "The Star-Spangled Banner". He observed the British bombardment of Fort McHenry in 1814 during the War of 1812.

Question 30

Question
What was the XYZ affair?
Answer
  • the French attempt to extract a bribe from the United States during the Quasi-War of 1798–1800
  • the peaceful transfer of power from the Federalists to the Democratic-Republicans with the election of 1800
  • the U.S. purchase of the large territory of Louisiana from France in 1803

Question 31

Question
What did the alien and sedition acts do?
Answer
  • tightened restrictions on foreign-born Americans and limited speech critical of the government
  • the practice of capturing sailors and forcing them into military service
  • the peaceful transfer of power from the Federalists to the Democratic-Republicans with the election of 1800

Question 32

Question
What was the revolution of 1800?
Answer
  • the peaceful transfer of power from the Federalists to the Democratic-Republicans with the election of 1800
  • the landmark 1803 case establishing the Supreme Court’s powers of judicial review, specifically the power to review and possibly nullify actions of Congress and the president
  • the U.S. purchase of the large territory of Louisiana from France in 1803
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