Social Medicine 2 Final MCQs- 3rd Year- PMU

Description

Social Medicine 2 Final MCQs- 3rd Year- PMU
Med Student
Quiz by Med Student , updated more than 1 year ago
Med Student
Created by Med Student almost 6 years ago
5404
22

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
The average number of years that people can expect to live in a country Ans: [blank_start]Life Expectancy[blank_end]
Answer
  • Life Expectancy

Question 2

Question
Birthrate minus the death rate, without regard for migration, (birthrate-death rate): Ans: Annual Population [blank_start]Growth[blank_end] Rate
Answer
  • Growth

Question 3

Question
The total economic value of all goods and services produced by a country in a year: Ans: [blank_start]Gross Domestic Product[blank_end]
Answer
  • Gross Domestic Product

Question 4

Question
The number of deaths per 1000 people each year: Ans: Crude [blank_start]Death[blank_end] Rate
Answer
  • Death

Question 5

Question
The study of human populations, including their size, growth, density, distribution, and rates of births, deaths, education, etc. : Ans: [blank_start]Demography[blank_end]
Answer
  • Demography

Question 6

Question
Matching Questions 1. [blank_start]a[blank_end] - Gross Domestic Product (GDP) 2. [blank_start]d[blank_end] - Birth Rate 3. [blank_start]c[blank_end] - Population Distribution 4. [blank_start]e[blank_end] - Fertility Rate 5. [blank_start]b[blank_end] - Migration a. The total economic value of goods and services produced within a country in a year. b. The large-scale and continual movement of people. c. The pattern of where a population settles in a given place. d. Number of live births per 1000 people each year. e. The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their childbearing years.
Answer
  • a
  • b
  • c
  • d
  • e
  • d
  • e
  • a
  • b
  • c
  • c
  • d
  • e
  • a
  • b
  • e
  • a
  • b
  • c
  • d
  • b
  • c
  • d
  • e
  • a

Question 7

Question
A person who moves into a country is a
Answer
  • Demography
  • Migration
  • Emigrant
  • Immigrant

Question 8

Question
A person who is admitted in a country (other than their own) who is unable or unwilling to return because of turmoil or disaster
Answer
  • Emigrant
  • Rural
  • Refugee
  • Urban

Question 9

Question
The average number of people who can read and write in a country.
Answer
  • Birth Rate
  • Per Capita
  • Fertility Rate
  • Literacy Rate

Question 10

Question
Rural → A city area.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 11

Question
Population Growth → The percent change in population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths, and the difference between immigrants and emigrants each year. The percent change can be positive or negative, but is usually positive.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 12

Question
Zero Population Growth → When the birthrate and number of immigrants moving into a country equals the death rate and the number of emigrants moving out of a country each year.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 13

Question
Urban → A city area.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 14

Question
Infant Mortality Rate → The number of babies that die before the age of 1 year per 1000 live births each year.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 15

Question
Life Expectancy → The average number of people who can read and write in a country
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 16

Question
Standard of Living → The conscious effort to educate couples on how to regulate the number and spacing of births with the use of artificial and natural methods of contraception, how to keep children healthy, and the impact of children on their finances.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 17

Question
WHO : [blank_start]World[blank_end] Health Organisation is the United Nations specialised agency for [blank_start]health[blank_end]. It’s objective, as set out the Constitution, is the attainment by all peoples of the [blank_start]highest[blank_end] possible level of health. Health is defined as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease of infirmity.
Answer
  • World
  • health
  • highest

Question 18

Question
Regional offices (WHO): are created to establish a regional organisation to [blank_start]meet[blank_end] and [blank_start]take[blank_end] decisions about the special [blank_start]need[blank_end] of an area. For example : Africa, Americas, Europe, south-east Asia, eastern Mediterranean, western Pacific.
Answer
  • meet
  • take
  • need

Question 19

Question
Health is defined as a state of complete [blank_start]physical[blank_end], [blank_start]mental[blank_end] and [blank_start]social[blank_end] well-[blank_start]being[blank_end] and not merely the absence of [blank_start]disease[blank_end].
Answer
  • physical
  • mental
  • social
  • being
  • disease

Question 20

Question
GOBIFFF: G- [blank_start]Growth monitoring[blank_end] O- Promotion of [blank_start]oral rehydration therapy[blank_end] for the management of diarrhea B- Promotion of [blank_start]breast feeding[blank_end] I- [blank_start]Immunisation[blank_end] F- [blank_start]Family spacing[blank_end] F- [blank_start]Female education[blank_end] F- [blank_start]Food supplementation[blank_end].
Answer
  • Growth monitoring
  • oral rehydration therapy
  • breast feeding
  • Immunisation
  • Family spacing
  • Female education
  • Food supplementation

Question 21

Question
Rare disease: (RD) represent about [blank_start]10[blank_end]% of all human medical illnesses and infirmities. A rare disease is a disease that occurs [blank_start]infrequently[blank_end] or [blank_start]rarely[blank_end] in the general population. In order to be considered as rare, each specific disease cannot affect more than a [blank_start]limited[blank_end] number of people out of the whole population.
Answer
  • infrequently
  • rarely
  • 10
  • limited

Question 22

Question
Bias: is the systematic [blank_start]error[blank_end] in an epidemiological study, that could lead to [blank_start]invalid[blank_end] results and conclusion. They are 3 types: 1. [blank_start]Selection[blank_end] bias 2. [blank_start]Information[blank_end] ([blank_start]unclassification[blank_end]) bias 3. [blank_start]Confounding[blank_end] bias
Answer
  • error
  • invalid
  • Selection
  • Information
  • Confounding
  • unclassification

Question 23

Question
Relative risk: is the ratio of the incidence in the [blank_start]exposed[blank_end] group (Ie) compared to the incidence in the [blank_start]unexposed[blank_end] group (Ine). RR= Ie / Ine
Answer
  • exposed
  • unexposed

Question 24

Question
Medical sickness certificate is issued for
Answer
  • Calendar days
  • Working days
  • Both answers are correct

Question 25

Question
In case of premature birth when 45 day sick leave has not expired the women
Answer
  • Is entitled to use the days left or unused days for leave , due to pregnancy, which are included in the third medical sickness certificate
  • is entitled to use the days left or the unused days to leave, due to pregnancy, which are included in the second medical sickness certificate
  • is not entitled to use what is remained or the unused days due to pregnacy

Question 26

Question
Health insurance in Bulgaria is
Answer
  • Obligatory and voluntary
  • Non-obligatory
  • Obligatory

Question 27

Question
The expert evaluation of permanent incapacity of work can not be carried out by
Answer
  • Medical consultative commission
  • Territorial expert medical commission
  • National expert medical commission

Question 28

Question
According to its scope health policy is
Answer
  • National, regional, municipal
  • Regional, municipal, primary health policy
  • Drug policy, policy of specific disease or group of disease

Question 29

Question
WHO primary health care strategy was adopted at
Answer
  • The International Conference in Alma Ata
  • The International meeting in Manila
  • The International Conference in Otawa

Question 30

Question
The Health care system in the United States refers to
Answer
  • Health Insurance System
  • Voluntary Healthcare system
  • Budgetary Healthcare System

Question 31

Question
Natural growth of the population is determined by
Answer
  • The difference between general fertility and marital fertility
  • The difference between birth rate and mortality
  • The difference between birth rate and marriage

Question 32

Question
The main function of Territorial expert medical commission is
Answer
  • Expert evaluation of permanent incapacity for work
  • Expert evaluation of temporary incapacity for work less than 6 months
  • Expert evaluation of certain professional activity

Question 33

Question
Perinatal mortality is defined
Answer
  • Neonatal and post-neonatal mortality
  • Early and late neonatal mortality
  • Stillbirths and early neonatal mortality

Question 34

Question
Social Rehabilitation refers to
Answer
  • secondary prevention
  • tertiary prevention
  • primary prevention

Question 35

Question
Public health is determined by 3 main groups of indices
Answer
  • Demographic indices, physical development and activity, Disease indices
  • Age structure, Prevalence, Acceleration
  • Birth rate, Mortality rate, Physical development and activity

Question 36

Question
The medical sickness certificate has
Answer
  • Financial, legal, medical function
  • Social, legal, documentary function
  • Documentary, financial, legal function

Question 37

Question
Medical consulting commission include
Answer
  • No less than 2 permanent members- physician with a specialty
  • No less than 5 permanent members- physician with a specialty
  • No less than 3 permanent members- physician with a specialty

Question 38

Question
The medical establishment for hospital care shall consist of
Answer
  • clinics and/or departments with beds, medical diagnostic and medical technical laboratories, departments without beds, hospital pharmacy, consulting rooms, units for administrative, economic and service activities
  • medical-technical laboratories, clinics with beds, administration
  • consultative diagnostic block, pharmacy, station block, administrative economic block, registration, departments

Question 39

Question
Health care syatem in Bulgaria is
Answer
  • Health Insurance
  • Voluntary health insurance
  • Budget health service

Question 40

Question
What is the shortest duration of the medical sickness certificate?
Answer
  • 1 day
  • 7 days
  • 3 days

Question 41

Question
In the case of normal pregnancy women have the right to
Answer
  • 2 free ultrasound examinations- once in the first trimester of pregnancy and once at the fifth month of pregnancy
  • 3 free ultrasound examination- once in the first trimester and two at the third month and once at the fifth month of pregnancy
  • 4 free ultrasound examination- two in the first trimester of pregnancy, once at the fifth month and once at the ninth month

Question 42

Question
Fertile age is from to?
Answer
  • 20-36 years
  • 15-49 years
  • 25-55 years

Question 43

Question
The medical establishments are registered under
Answer
  • Health act
  • Law for medical establishments
  • Trade Law or Corporate Law

Question 44

Question
The second medical sickness certificate due to pregnancy and childbirth is issued by
Answer
  • a GP or an obstetrician-gynecologists
  • a pediatrician
  • obstetrician-gynaecologist in the units of the hospital care

Question 45

Question
Health establishments are created under
Answer
  • the law for medical medical establishments
  • the health act
  • the trade Law or Corperation Law

Question 46

Question
The National Health Programme is adopted by:
Answer
  • Minister of Health
  • Council of Ministers
  • National Assembly

Question 47

Question
The medical consultation commission has mandative to issue
Answer
  • medical sickness certificate up to 30 days at once and up to 180 calendar per year
  • extension of the medical sickness certificate for more than 14 days
  • medical sickness certificate up to 60 days at once and up to 180 calendar days per year
  • an expert decision (evaluation)

Question 48

Question
The instalment shaft be made by the employer or by an administrative body and by the insured person in the following proportion
Answer
  • 70-30
  • 80-20
  • 60-40

Question 49

Question
Which are the top death causes by ICD-10 classes
Answer
  • Trauma and poisoning, neoplasms, disease of circulatory system, disease of the respiratory system
  • Disease of the circulatory system, diseases of the respiratory system, neoplasms, trauma and poisoning
  • Diseases of the circulatory system, neoplasms, diseases of the respiratory system, diseases of the digestive system

Question 50

Question
Which of the following statements are CORRECT
Answer
  • Territorial expert medical commission has the mandate to issue medical sickness certificate based on a clinical examination and expert evaluation of the medical records
  • Temporary inability for work (sick leave) is the present in the occasions of looking after a diseased or quarantined member of the family, urgent accompany of a sick family member for medical examination
  • Territorial expert medical commission has the right to give more than 6 months
  • A medical sickness certificate may be issued retroactively

Question 51

Question
The National Expert Medical Commission is:
Answer
  • other establishment under the law for medical establishments
  • health establishments under the health act
  • medical establishments for hospital care under the law for medical establishments

Question 52

Question
Genetic counselling is mandatory in which cases
Answer
  • in case of a woman over 35 years or partner is older than 50 years
  • having a child with congenital anomalies of the previous pregnancy
  • all of the answers are correct
  • in case of unknown father

Question 53

Question
Mass neonatal screening for phenylketonaria, congenital hypothyroidism, 21-hydroxylase deficiency is conducted
Answer
  • 2-5 days after birth
  • Up to 30 days after birth
  • In 30-32 g.w.

Question 54

Question
Under the law for the medical establishments, a patient should
Answer
  • take care of his own health
  • observe the order of the medical and healthcare establishments
  • pay for the provided medical service

Question 55

Question
Medical establishments for hospital care include
Answer
  • Complex oncological centre
  • Hospital for active treatment
  • Hospital for rehabilitation, long-term treatment and rehabilitation

Question 56

Question
Which of the following statements about primary medical care is not correct
Answer
  • Assistance involving comprehensive health care for patients
  • Primary medical care is a key element of the national health system
  • Primary medical care services provides qualified stationary assistance

Question 57

Question
Reasons for hospitalisation include
Answer
  • acute or chronic illness, maternity
  • acute or chronic illness, disease
  • medical, social, medico-social

Question 58

Question
Non-government humanitarian activities are carried out by
Answer
  • Ministry of Health
  • The Red Cross
  • Regional Health Inspectorate
  • Rescue services

Question 59

Question
The healthcare system in England refers to
Answer
  • Health insurance system
  • Voluntary healthcare system
  • Budgetary healthcare system

Question 60

Question
The law for medical establishments was adopted in
Answer
  • 1999
  • 1998
  • 1997

Question 61

Question
The National Framework Contract shall be concluded between
Answer
  • The National Health Insurance Fund and professional organisation
  • The National Health Insurance Fund and people who use health services
  • The National Health Insurance Fund and the Healthcare facilities

Question 62

Question
What are the conditions for registering a DCC/Diagnostic and consultative center
Answer
  • Minimum 3 physicians in various specailties, registry and diagnostic imaging
  • Minimum 10 physicians in various specailties, registry and diagnostic imaging and clinical laboratory
  • Minimum 15 physicians in various specailties, laboratory and one-day surgery

Question 63

Question
Leading cause of death in Bulgaria are
Answer
  • Diseases of the respiratory system
  • Diseases of the digestive system
  • Diseases of the blood circulatory system

Question 64

Question
The main method of active follow-up, observation, treating and recovery the individual health is
Answer
  • prophylactic method
  • clinical method
  • dispensary method

Question 65

Question
Secondary prevention includes
Answer
  • Selective screening of newborns
  • Neonatal mass screening
  • Taking folic acid before contraception
  • Biochemical screening of pregnant women
  • Health information and health education

Question 66

Question
Which of the following statements are correct for "term births"
Answer
  • birth from 35 completed weeks to less than 40 completed weeks of gestation
  • birth from 40 completed weeks to less than 48 completed weeks of gestation
  • birth from 37 completed weeks to less than 42 completed weeks of gestation

Question 67

Question
The third medical sickness certificate due to pregnancy and childbirth is issued by
Answer
  • a GP or an obstetrician-gynaecologist
  • a paediatrician
  • obstetrician-gynaecologist in the units of the hospital care

Question 68

Question
Early neonatal infant mortality is determined by the the deaths of liveborn infants in the period of
Answer
  • 0-28
  • 0-1
  • 0-7

Question 69

Question
Primary prevention induces
Answer
  • Immunisation
  • Screening
  • Social rehabilitation
  • Iodization of salt
  • Prophylaxis establishment

Question 70

Question
Medical establishments for hospital care are
Answer
  • specialised and multi-profile hospitals, for active treatment and university hospitals
  • specialised and multi-profile hospitals, for active or long-term treatment, rehabilitation, long-term treatment and rehabilitation and university hospitals
  • long-term treatment, rehabilitation, long-term treatment and rehabilitation and university hospitals

Question 71

Question
The GP/dental practitioner has the mandate to issue medical sickness certificate
Answer
  • up to 7 days at once generally
  • up to 14 days at once generally
  • up to 40 days at once generally

Question 72

Question
The first medical sickness certificate due to pregnancy and childbirth is issued by
Answer
  • a GP or an obstetrician-gynaecologist
  • a pediatrician
  • obstetrician-gynaecologist in the units of the hospital care

Question 73

Question
Biochemical screening of pregnant women is conducted in
Answer
  • 11-14 (early) or 15-20 (late) gw
  • 6-7 (early) or 22-24 (late) gw
  • 15-20 (early) or 30-321 (late) gw

Question 74

Question
Legalisation of the healthcare system of Bulgaria is done by
Answer
  • Minister of Health
  • Council of Ministers
  • National Assembly

Question 75

Question
The medical sickness certificate for pregnancy and birth is divided into 3 medical sickness certificates as follows
Answer
  • I for 42 calendar days, II for 48 calendar days, III for 45 calendar days
  • I for 48 calendar days, II for 42 calendar days, III for 45 calendar days
  • I for 45 calendar days, II for 42 calendar days, III for 48 calendar days

Question 76

Question
In which cases a GP makes referrals to outpatient specialist and inpatient services
Answer
  • Need for advisory obligatory opinion for prophylaxis and dispensary examinations
  • Assessment of the health condition at upon patient's request
  • Emergency

Question 77

Question
Tertiary prevention include
Answer
  • Prophylactic examination
  • Immunisation (vaccinations)
  • Screening tests
  • Iodisation of salt
  • Social rehabilitation

Question 78

Question
How many medical sickness certificates are issued in case of delivery of a dead child
Answer
  • Only the first medical sickness certificate
  • Three medical sickness certificates
  • First and second medical sickness certificates

Question 79

Question
Which of the following statements are correct
Answer
  • The right of the individual or couple to make decisions about the number of children they want to have, the time of their birth is a basic human right and is called family planning
  • In case of pregnancy and maternity
  • All women planning a pregnancy are recommended to take 200 micrograms of folic acid (Vitamin B9) daily at least 1 month before the concept

Question 80

Question
The National Health Strategy is adopted by:
Answer
  • Minister of Health
  • Council of Ministers
  • National Health Assembly

Question 81

Question
Under the Law for medical establishments, the outpatient care establishments are
Answer
  • Ambulatory for primary medical care, ambulatory for specialised medical care, medical and medical dental centre, diagnostic consultative centre, Independent medical diagnostic and medical technical laboratories, dental centres
  • Ambulatory for primary medical care, ambulatory for specialised medical care
  • Ambulatory for primary medical care, ambulatory for specialised medical care, medical and medical dental centre, diagnostic consultative centre, Independent medical diagnostic and medical technical laboratories, dental centres, complex centres

Question 82

Question
Healthcare system in Germany is
Answer
  • Health insurance
  • Voluntary Health Insurance
  • Budget Health Service

Question 83

Question
Which certificate is given in 45 days of pregnancy
Answer
  • By GP
  • Ob-Gyn

Question 84

Question
Secondary prevention of congenital diseases
Answer
  • Prenatal selective screening
  • Prenatal biochemical screening
  • Massive neonatal screening – 2-5days after birth

Question 85

Question
How many weeks of gestation for the term birth?
Answer
  • 37 to 42 weeks
  • 40 to 48 weeks
  • 35 to 40 weeks

Question 86

Question
You lose medical insurance if you haven’t paid for how many months?
Answer
  • 6 months
  • 3 months
  • 1 month

Question 87

Question
What is the main method of follow up/ observance studies?
Answer
  • dispensary method
  • prophylaxis

Question 88

Question
What is ECDC and where is it based? Ans: [blank_start]European[blank_end] center for [blank_start]Diseases[blank_end] [blank_start]Prevention[blank_end] and [blank_start]Control[blank_end] based in [blank_start]Solna[blank_end], [blank_start]Sweden[blank_end]
Answer
  • Diseases
  • Prevention
  • Control
  • European
  • Solna
  • Sweden

Question 89

Question
Which one about primary medical care is not correct?
Answer
  • assistance that provides comprehensive care to the patients
  • one of the main elements of the national health system
  • provides high quality stationary medical assistance

Question 90

Question
Year of the medical establishment act?
Answer
  • 1998
  • 1999

Question 91

Question
Minimum number of doctors in the medical commission?
Answer
  • 2
  • 5
  • 3

Question 92

Question
NGO bodies
Answer
  • Red cross
  • Rescue service

Question 93

Question
World health organisation was established in the year Ans: [blank_start]1948[blank_end]
Answer
  • 1948

Question 94

Question
The highest authority of world health organization is Ans: [blank_start]Director General[blank_end]
Answer
  • Director General

Question 95

Question
The types of analytical studies are:
Answer
  • field studies
  • experimental
  • cross-sectional
  • environmental
  • descriptive
  • case-control
  • observational
  • cohort

Question 96

Question
There is an association between the exposure and disease of interest beyond what might be expected from error alone.
Answer
  • H0
  • H1

Question 97

Question
Matching Questions 1. Virulence [blank_start]c[blank_end] 2. Epidemic [blank_start]a[blank_end] 3. Case Definition [blank_start]b[blank_end] 4. Prognosis [blank_start]d[blank_end] 5. Source for the Agent [blank_start]e[blank_end] a) Occurrence of more cases of disease than would normally be expected in a specific place or group of people over a given period of time b) Set of standard criteria for deciding whether or not a person has a certain disease c) The severity of disease that the agent causes in the host d) The possible outcomes of a disease or condition and the likelihood that each one will occur e) Place where the agent originates, lives, grows, and multiples.
Answer
  • c
  • d
  • e
  • a
  • b
  • a
  • b
  • c
  • d
  • e
  • b
  • c
  • d
  • e
  • a
  • d
  • e
  • a
  • b
  • c
  • e
  • a
  • b
  • c
  • d

Question 98

Question
The natural changes of the population consist of [blank_start]Birth[blank_end] and [blank_start]Death[blank_end]
Answer
  • Birth
  • Death

Question 99

Question
The population where the number of people over 50 in is higher than the number of people under age 12 is the [blank_start]Regressing[blank_end]
Answer
  • Regressing

Question 100

Question
The common purposes of the health assessment include [blank_start]Health Promotion[blank_end] and [blank_start]Disease Prevention[blank_end]
Answer
  • Health Promotion
  • Disease Prevention

Question 101

Question
The elements of PHC are
Answer
  • Education
  • Health promotion
  • Local disease control
  • Expanded program of immunisation
  • Social history
  • Maternal and childcare
  • Essential Drugs
  • Nutrition and food supply
  • Injuries
  • Treatment for common diseases

Question 102

Question
Risk factors: Patient characteristics or factors associated with an increased probability of developing disease on condition
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 103

Question
Portal of entry: Pathway by which the agent can leave the source
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 104

Question
Host= The organism that is susceptible to the effect of the agent
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 105

Question
Bias= The organism that is susceptible to the effect of the agent
Answer
  • True
  • False
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