DNA and RNA

Description

- Biology Quiz on DNA and RNA, created by stacymaria on 30/05/2013.
stacymaria
Quiz by stacymaria, updated more than 1 year ago
stacymaria
Created by stacymaria over 10 years ago
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5

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
What is the main function of DNA
Answer
  • Energy Storage
  • To make a person
  • Information Store

Question 2

Question
What is the main function of RNA
Answer
  • Information Store
  • Read and Translate information
  • Create Ribosomes

Question 3

Question
What are Nucleotides
Answer
  • A Polymer of Nucleic Acids
  • A Monomer of Nucleic Acids

Question 4

Question
What 3 components make up a Nucleotide?
Answer
  • A Phosphate Group
  • A Carbohydrate
  • A Sugar Molecule
  • An Amino Acid
  • A Protein
  • An Organic Nitrogenous Base

Question 5

Question
How are the three sub-units in Nucleic Acids joined together?
Answer
  • Hydrogen Bonds
  • Covalent Bonds
  • Metallic Bonds

Question 6

Question
What 2 Groups are the 5 Organic Bases grouped into?
Answer
  • Purines
  • Piramines
  • Pyrimidines

Question 7

Question
What is the difference between a Purine and a Pyrimidine?
Answer
  • Pyrimidine has a 2 ring structure whereas a Purine has a one ring structure.
  • Pyrimidine has a double chain.
  • Purines have a 2 ring structure whereas a Pyrimidine has a 1 ring structure.

Question 8

Question
What does too much Nucleic Acid cause?
Answer
  • dehydration
  • sickness
  • diarrhoea
  • gout

Question 9

Question
How does too much Nucleic Acid cause Gout?
Answer
  • The excess Nucleic acid travel to the capillaries under the skin and cause the skin to swell.
  • Uric acid forms crystals that are deposited in joints at the extremities

Question 10

Question
What is the name of the polymer of Nucleotide monomers?
Answer
  • Polytide
  • Polynucleotide
  • polymonomer

Question 11

Question
What are the complementary base pairing rules?
Answer
  • Adenine pairs with Cytosine and Thymine pairs with Guanine.
  • Adenine pairs with Thymine and Cytosine pairs with Guanine.
  • Thymine pairs with Cytosine and Adenine pairs with Guanine

Question 12

Question
What is the number of Hydrogen bonds between Thymine and Adenine
Answer
  • 3
  • 4
  • 2

Question 13

Question
What is the number of Hydrogen bonds between Guanine and Cytosine?
Answer
  • 3
  • 4
  • 2

Question 14

Question
At what part of the cell cycle does DNA replication take place?
Answer
  • Prophase
  • Metaphase
  • Anaphase
  • Telophase
  • Interphase

Question 15

Question
What enzyme unzips the DNA helix?
Answer
  • Amylase
  • Polymerase
  • Helecase

Question 16

Question
During DNA replication what acts as a template?
Answer
  • The Nitrogenous Bases
  • The Sugar-Phosphate backbone
  • The Hydrogen bonds
  • The original strand of DNA
  • The original strand of RNA

Question 17

Question
In DNA replication what signal the tRNA to collect the Amino Acids and transport them to the ribosomes.
Answer
  • mRNA
  • rRNA
  • Primer

Question 18

Question
What is mRNA?
Answer
  • The coding DNA strand
  • The original DNA strand
  • The template
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