Congenital Syndromes Quiz

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Dr. Benya Young
Ray Jurado
Quiz by Ray Jurado, updated more than 1 year ago
Ray Jurado
Created by Ray Jurado almost 7 years ago
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Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Environmental factor(s) that may contribute to the development of autism spectrum disorder include:
Answer
  • Advanced paternal age
  • Prolonged fever during pregnancy
  • Extreme prematurity
  • All of the above

Question 2

Question
Which of the following is a comorbid condition associated with autism spectrum disorder?
Answer
  • Apraxia
  • Seizures
  • Obsessive compulsive disorder
  • All of the above

Question 3

Question
The following characteristics are associated with cleidocranial dysplasia EXCEPT:
Answer
  • Hypertelorism
  • Brachycephaly
  • Hypodontia
  • Delayed eruption of permanent teeth

Question 4

Question
What speech problem is caused by velopharyngeal insufficiency in a child with cleft lip and palate?
Answer
  • Hyponasality
  • Hypernasality
  • Lateral lisp
  • Articulation defects

Question 5

Question
Each of the following is associated with Down’s syndrome EXCEPT:
Answer
  • Cardiac anomalies
  • Increased risk for leukemia
  • Increased risk of caries
  • Increased risk of periodontal disease

Question 6

Question
Which of the follow inheritance patterns is characterized by the following: -The phenotype occurs in successive generations and shows vertical inheritance. -On average, 50% of the offspring of an affected parent will also be affected. -Males and females are equally affected.
Answer
  • Autosomal dominant
  • Autosomal recessive
  • X- linked dominant
  • X-linked recessive

Question 7

Question
Which of the following enamel defects is characterized by: -Normal enamel thickness -Normal enamel hardness with reduced radiographic density -Discoloration
Answer
  • Enamel hypoplasia
  • Enamel hypocalcification
  • Enamel hypomaturation

Question 8

Question
What Veau classification of the cleft palate involves the soft and hard palate but not the alveolar process?
Answer
  • Class I
  • Class II
  • Class III
  • Class IV

Question 9

Question
Failure of the maxillary and medial nasal process to fuse leads to:
Answer
  • Cleft lip
  • Unilateral cleft palate
  • Bilateral cleft palate
  • Submucous cleft

Question 10

Question
Which of the following is a physical finding of a submucous cleft?
Answer
  • Bifid uvula
  • Palpable notching at the posterior portion of the hard palate
  • Zona pellucida (thin,translucent membrane)
  • All of the above

Question 11

Question
An alveolar cleft bone graft is done to:
Answer
  • GIve additional support for the teeth adjacent to the cleft
  • Support the alar base of the nose
  • Aid in the closure of the oronasal fistula
  • All of the above
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