Orwell and 1984

Description

Mind Map on Orwell and 1984, created by Polina Strich on 03/05/2014.
Polina Strich
Mind Map by Polina Strich, updated more than 1 year ago
Polina Strich
Created by Polina Strich about 10 years ago
651
22

Resource summary

Orwell and 1984
  1. 1903: real name: Eric Arthur Blair born in India
    1. 1911: boarding school in England, but he doesn't feel at ease because the other students were snobbish and from wealthier families
      1. 1922: joined the Indian Imperial Police in Burma (officer)
        1. 1927: resigned (disappointment by imperialistic oppressive methods) and returned to Europe, where he lived on the streets in Paris and London experiencing life as a homeless
          1. 1932: began a teaching career
            1. 1936: married Eileen O’Shaughnessy.
              1. 1936: fought on the Republican side during the Spanish Civil War
                1. severely wounded, returned to England
                  1. 1941: joined the BBC and is rejected for military service due to his poor health
                    1. wrote essays exalting British institutions if compared to totalitarism (Mussolini, Hitler, Stalin)
                      1. 1945: "Animal Farm" - satire of Russian Revolution
                        1. 1945: 1945 his wife died
                          1. 1949: publication of 1984
                            1. 1950: re-married but three months later died. (suffered from tubercolisis)
                              1. awareness of social injustice
                                1. emotional identification with the working class.
                                  1. role of the artist ➝ to inform, to reveal facts and draw conclusions from them ➝ social function.
                                2. SOCIAL THEMES
                                  1. realistic language
                                    1. misery caused by poverty
                                      1. depravation of society
                                  2. The essay
                                    1. Orwell warns against “the vagueness and the sheer incompetence of modern English prose”. A writer should use a clear and direct language, so as to become an actual instrument of information and communication
                                    2. 1984
                                      1. to suggest that society could easily be transformed in reality in the near future
                                        1. science-fiction
                                          1. satirical meaning
                                          2. DYSTOPIAN NOVEL
                                            1. = speaks of negative utopia
                                              1. the world represented is completely negative, the worst imaginable
                                            2. The War inspired Orwell and also the 2 atomic bombs
                                              1. oppressive world
                                                1. no privacy
                                                  1. no space for love or happiness or different idead
                                                    1. London, in the future
                                                      1. terror and constant control
                                                        1. telescreens
                                                          1. microphones
                                                            1. videocameras
                                                            2. Punishment against the rebels
                                                              1. duty to eliminate those who deverge from the Party
                                                              2. BRAINWASHING
                                                              3. BIG BROTHER
                                                                1. distant, yet omnipresent oppressor
                                                                  1. symbol of the total control of the individual's life by mass media
                                                                    1. "Is watching you!" - posters everywhere
                                                                    2. prophetic picture of a world where individuality is annihilated
                                                                      1. provides the account of the way a totalitarian state attempts to control the thoughts of its citizens through language.
                                                                        1. the world is divided into 3 great powers
                                                                          1. Eurasia
                                                                            1. Eastasia
                                                                              1. Oceania
                                                                                1. England is part of
                                                                                2. continually at war with each other
                                                                                3. PARTY VS PROLES
                                                                                  1. Ministry of Truth
                                                                                    1. manipulates people's mind
                                                                                      1. modifies and rewrites books and documents adapting them to the political needs of the moment
                                                                                        1. historical memory and consciousness CANCELLED
                                                                                          1. REDUCTION OF VOCABULARY
                                                                                            1. IMPOSSIBILITY TO THINK AND REACT AGAINST THE PARTY
                                                                                        2. rewrites history and past
                                                                                      2. Thoght police
                                                                                        1. torture
                                                                                      3. Importance of memory and trust.
                                                                                        1. protagonist: Winston Smith
                                                                                          1. not casual: reference to Churchill
                                                                                            1. works for the Ministery of Truth but is not devotes. Has a love-story but is betrayed and punished by a "friend" of him. Hated the party and tried to rebel but is defeated and learns to love Big Brother.
                                                                                          2. IT'S A WARNING against the danger of total adhesion to a political system and its leader
                                                                                            1. warning through a negative example in order to avoid it
                                                                                          3. LANGUAGE
                                                                                            1. clear
                                                                                              1. uncomplicated
                                                                                                1. influenced by his work as journalist
                                                                                                  1. opposite words and paradox are employed in the slogans
                                                                                                  2. PESSIMISM
                                                                                                    1. = struggle against all superpowers can never be successful
                                                                                                    2. NEWSPEAK
                                                                                                      1. the official language
                                                                                                        1. eliminates undesirable words
                                                                                                          1. aim: to reduce human conscioussnes and soppress free thinking
                                                                                                          2. DOUBLETHINKING
                                                                                                            1. manipulation of the mind by making people accept contradictions and every idea
                                                                                                              1. makes people believe that the Party is the only institution that knows right from wrong.
                                                                                                                1. possibility to believe in two ideas at the same time, even if they're contradictory
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