Vampires, Dracula, and Morality Victorian Anxieties!


2 Sociology Mind Map on Vampires, Dracula, and Morality Victorian Anxieties!, created by Anna-Maria Kotulski on 30/12/2015.
Anna-Maria Kotulski
Mind Map by Anna-Maria Kotulski, updated more than 1 year ago
Anna-Maria Kotulski
Created by Anna-Maria Kotulski about 8 years ago

Resource summary

Vampires, Dracula, and Morality Victorian Anxieties!
  1. Themes and background!
    1. In a time after the enlightenment, a world without God in essence creted moral anxieties
      1. People were concerned with what was right and moral
        1. Literature of the time linked these anxeties to gothic literature with Frankensteins Monster (1818, Mary Shelly), Dorian Gray (1890, Oscar Wilde) and Dracula (1897, Bram Stoker)
          1. They were concerned with sex and women in particular being promiscuous as it was seen as moral for them to be asexual
            1. These novels showed morally corrupt individuals as being or creating supernatural monstrosoities, but their promiscuity made them desirable for Victorians too
            2. Links With Dracula!
              1. Bram Stoker (1897) changed this s he introduced sex with vampires
                1. Being set in Transylvania, he placed the vampire with the exotic and foreign being of Eastern European dissent
                  1. Dracula being foreign made him easy to scapegoat
                  2. The bite of Dracula was used as a metaphore for sex, the bite (sex) turning women into these horrific baby killing monsters and seductive sirens
                    1. The opposite of what a woman was thought she should be which was to be caring and nurturing > sex with Dracula makes women morally corrupt
                    2. Dracula's promiscuity and high status as a count was attractive to Victorians creating moral conflict
                      1. This links with the Witches Sabbath and the old view of the witches
                      2. Dracula represents that hatred felt for Eastern Europeans at the time who were the scapegoat/folk devil
                      3. Contemporary Comparison!
                        1. Dracula was of high status as a count symbolising the Victorian material ideal
                          1. Much like how the vampires in Twilight (2005) book represents American Value of the family
                          2. The modern view of the vampire is idealic, the vampires are now alluring and capable of human affection and are classically attractive
                            1. In the 1980's, vampires were used as a metaphor for AIDS
                              1. Sympathetic Vampire > modern interpretations concerned with romance
                                1. Vampires in twilight hold middle class family values
                                  1. Painful awareness of being the outsider
                                  2. Was introduced in 1979 with Interview with a Vampire novel
                                2. The Old View Of The Vampire
                                  1. Fed on blood as they were diseased with vampirism and needed the strength of the living
                                    1. The old vampire would have been a grotesque and frightening creature
                                  2. Prejudice
                                    1. Europe
                                      1. The count is Eurpean and this links with the hatred that Germany ruled Europe according to the Victorians
                                        1. Dracula threatened the Empire by brining back servitude and represented the anti thesis of Enlightenment
                                          1. The idea of the outsider
                                      2. Women
                                        1. Hatred for women > Dracula's castle is a metaphor for female genitalia and housed his many wives
                                          1. Links in with Victorian fears of women having sex and female sexuality
                                        2. Homophobia
                                          1. Fear of homosexuality as vampires are depicted as bisexual and therefore deceptive
                                          2. Addiction
                                            1. The Vampire's constant need for blood represents the evils of addiction
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