Silent Films


Bachelors Degree Media History Mind Map on Silent Films, created by Joanna MacQueen on 05/01/2015.
Joanna MacQueen
Mind Map by Joanna MacQueen, updated more than 1 year ago
Joanna MacQueen
Created by Joanna MacQueen about 9 years ago

Resource summary

Silent Films
  1. Early Inventions
    1. Kinetograph & Kinetoscope
      1. Early moving pictures, concept for projection of films
        1. Kinetographic theatre: non fiction films
      2. Lumiere Brothers
        1. Cinematographe: camera & projector
          1. 1895 20 mins of 10 shorts. Streets of Lion. 'Arrival of a train'
        2. George Melies
          1. Hugo, 2011
            1. Trip to the Moon 1902
              1. First fiction in films
                1. Special effects, narrative, plots, character development, illusion
              2. Stage magician, lacking close ups- theatre like
            2. Music Connections
              1. Short films. Crossover acts , cover scene changes. Same audiences & programmes.
                1. Street scenes used by travelling showmen, short life spans.
                2. Nickelodeons
                  1. Rise of feature film 1914
                    1. 1909 fire safety, keeping and projecting film- Cinemotograph Act
                      1. Small, cheap, cramped. Working Class. Unsanitary!
                      2. Emotional cues for audience
                        1. Cue sheet 'play happy'
                          1. First score Birth of a Nation 1915
                        2. Hollywood
                          1. Renting not selling to exhibitors
                            1. Motion Pictures Patent Company
                              1. 1908. Edison patents. Wanted a legal monopoly. Aimed to stifle independents.
                                1. Declared an illegal monopoly by 1915.
                              2. Moving to california- Laemmle. Universal City.
                                1. Climate, location variety, non union labour, cheap property
                                  1. Population grew so that 60% US film making here by 1915.
                                    1. Money saving as not film by film. Control of directors and stars . Wall Street financing.
                                      1. Big 5: Warner Bros, Future Paramount, RKO, MGM, Fox
                                      2. Escapist entertainment; Serials (return audiences), Westerns (scenery), Gangsters, Romance, Silent comedies, Classics adaptions (Shakespeare, News (inbetween shorts), Propoganda
                                      3. Film makers
                                        1. DW Griffith, Birth of Nation, first 3 hour, original score, 12 reels, controversial pro KKK!
                                          1. German expressionism 1920s- art form
                                            1. Eistenstein Russian, montage, Battleship Potemkin 1925. (Compared to journey to the moon, quick development)
                                              1. Hitchcock stylized. Europe influence.
                                                1. Moves to Hollywood. Silent film - no barriers in language. Rise of fascism in 1930s- happy to get out!
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