History of Film Exam 1


Freshmen History of Film Flashcards on History of Film Exam 1, created by megan.feret on 21/09/2014.
Flashcards by megan.feret, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by megan.feret over 9 years ago

Resource summary

Question Answer
-Eadweard Muybridge (1878) -asked by Leland Standford to photography the horse in motion -made a magic lantern to project images
-Etienne Jules Marey (1882) -photographic gun -combined flexible film stock and intermittent mechanism in photography
-Emile Reynaud (1877) -praxinoscope -spinning drum in series of mirrors -1889: larger version
Augustin Le Prince -made short films (1888) -could not make projector
-magic lanterns -precursor for projection -project images at slow speed
-Thaumotrope -illusion of motion
-phenakiscope -similar to zoetrope
-zoetrope -spinning bowel
-zoopraxiscope -Eawaerd Muybridge -close to projection
-Kinetoscope -Edison -peep show
Image: 2 (image/jpg)
-Kinetograph -Edison
(without holes) -George Eastman -Kodak film
-Black Maria -Edison's recording studio
-Ars Magna Lucis et Umbrae -Athanasius Kircher -similar to magic lantern
-Daguerreotype (Daguerre) -first wide spread photography -printed on a metallic silver plate
-William K.L. Dickson -assistant to Edison -helped invent the Kinetoscope and Kinetograph -developed celluloid film strips (with holes) -invented the Mutoscope (flip book inside it)
-Vitascope (1895) -invented by Thomas Armat -marketed by Edison -premiered April 23, 1896
-April 23, 1896 -Vitasscope premiered at Koster and Bial's Music Hall in New York -showed Acres's "Rough Sea at Dover"
-Mutoscope -invented by Dickson and Herman Casler (1894) -formed American Mutoscope Company
-Lumiere Cinematographe (began selling it in 1897) -a motion picture film camera, which also serves as a film projector and printer -Charity Bazaar Inferno!
-Damon E. Gaumont Projector -French rival to the Lumiere Bros. -began producing films in 1897 -made actualities (filmmaker Alice Guy)
-Rough Sea at Dover -1895 -R.W. Paul
R.W. Paul -R.W. Paul -English filmmaker -"Twins' Tea Party"
Cecil Hepworth -English filmmaker -focused on actualities then trick films -"Explosion of a Motor Car" (1900)
James Williamson -English filmmaker -Brighton School -"The Big Swallow" (1900)
G.A. Smith -English filmmaker -Brighton School -"Mary Jane's Mishap" (1903) -distant framing with cut-ins to medium shots
Edwin S. Porter -worked for Edison -"Life of an American Fireman" -tried to cut from scene to scene, but it was not perfect
George Melies -French -made his own camera off of R.W. Paul's -theatrical films -"The Magician" -"A Trip to the Moon" (1902) -"The Dreyfus Affair" -stop motion, elaborate sets, own glass studio
Pathe Freres -French -vertically integrated (controlled production, distribution, and exhibition of film) -Ferdinand Zecca -"Boireau" -"Rigadin" (Max Linder)
Nordisk -"The Lion Hunt" (1907) -New York Branch: The Great Northern (1908)
What is continuity? � 3 basic ways of establishing a link between shots -Intercutting (showing action in the first shot (A), then cutting to the action in the second (B), then cutting back and forth between the two as the action continues, giving the effect that both are happening simultaneously) -Analytical Editing (A cut-in during a scene to highlight a closer view of some part of the same space) -Contiguity Editing (establish characters moving through a space)(180-degree system, Point-of-view shots, Eyeline matches)
Who’s going to the nickelodeon?� Blue-collar workers Immigrants Office workers on lunch breaks or after work Women and children
Nickelodeon Boom� Most popular filmmakers: -Pathé -Gaumont -Hepworth -Nordisk �
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