|Contains stomach, spleen, liver, gallbladder, small intestine, and most of large intestine; the serous membrane of the of the abdominal cavity is the peritoneum.
|Pathway from Receptor to Control Centre A neural pathway that conducts impulses from a sense organ toward the brain or spinal cord or from one brain region to another.
|The body is upright, directly facing the observer, feet flat and directed forward. The upper limbs are at the body’s sides with the palms facing forward.
|The science of body structures and the relationships among them.
|Nearer to or at the front of the body.
|Smallest units of matter that participate in chemical reactions.
|A combination of molecules. The basic structural and functional units of an organism that are composed of chemicals.
|Sets the range of values within which a controlled condition should be maintained, evaluates the input it receives from the receptors, and generates output commands when they are needed.
|Formed by cranial bone and contains brain.
|Away from the surface of the body.
|Farther from the attachment of a limb to the trunk; father from the origination of a structure.
|Nearer to or at the back of the body.
|Body structure that receives output from the control centre and produces a response or effect that changes the controlled condition.
|Pathway from control Centre to effectors. Impulses are conducted from a nerve center toward a peripheral site.
|Divides the body or an organ into anterior (front) and posterior (back) portions.
|The condition of equilibrium (balance) in the body's internal environment due to the constant interaction of the body's many regulatory processes.
|Away from the head, or the lower part of a structure.
|Father from the midline.
|Nearer to the midline (an imaginary vertical line that divides the body into equal right and left sides).
|When a plane passes through the midline of the body or an organ and divides it into equal right and left sides.
|Central portion of thoracic cavity between the lungs; extends from sternum to vertebral column and from fist rib to diaphragm; contains heart, thymus, esophagus, trachea, and several large blood vessels.
|Two or more atoms joined together.
|Reserves a change in a controlled condition. Reverses a stimulus.
|Structures that are composed of two or more different types of tissues; they have specific functions and usually have recognisable shapes.
|Consists of relates organs with a common function.
|Any living individual.
|Contains urinary bladder, portions of large intestine, and internal organs of reproduction.
|A potential space between the layers of the pericardium that surrounds the heart.
|The science of body functions - how the body parts work.
|A potential space between the layers of the pleura that surrounds a lung.
|The enhancing or amplification of an effect by its own influence on the process which gives rise to it. Enhances a stimulus.
|Nearer to the attachment of a limb to the trunk; nearer to the origination of a structure.
|Body structure that monitors changes in a controlled condition and sends input to a control centre.
|Towards or on the surface of the body.
|Superior (Cephalic or Cranial).
|Towards the head, or the upper part of a structure.
|Chest cavity; contains pleural and pericardial cavities and the mediastinum.
|Groups of cells and the materials surrounding the that work together to perform a particular function.
|Divides the body or organ into superior (upper) and inferior (lower) portions.
|Formed by vertebral column and contains spinal cord and the beginnings of spinal nerves.